History Podcasts

Grundy APA-111 - History

Grundy APA-111 - History


Counties in Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia.

(APA-111: dp. 8393 light.; 1. 592'; b. 69'6"; dr 26'6":
s. 18; cpl. 585; a. 2 5"; cl. Windsor; T. C3-S-A3)

Grundy ( APA-111 ), was launched under Maritime Commission contract 16 June 1944 by Ingalls Shipbuilding Co., Pascagoula, Miss., sponsored by Mrs. Lena Moore Gnatt; and commissioned 3 January 1945, Captain J. M. Cabanillas in command.

After loading supplies at New Orleans, the new transport conducted shakedown training out of Galveston, Tex., until 28 January 1945. She departed 4 February for her first assignment, as school ship for pre-commissioning crews at Newport, R.I. Arriving Newport 10 February, Grundy held underway drills and training for the crews of nearly finished ships, helping to speed their delivery as active fighting units. This duty was completed 31 March, and Grundy sailed for Hampton Roads.

The ship arrived Norfolk, VA., 1 April and immediately embarked Seabees for transportation to the Pacific. Departing 14 April' she sailed to Pearl Harbor via the Panama Canal, arriving there 2 May 1945. At Pearl Harbor Grundy performed amphibious exercises and loaded cargo and passengers for the western Pacific. She departed 7 June; stopped at Eniwetok, Guam, and Saipan; and anchored 1 July at Ulithi to join an Okinawa-bound convoy

Grundy departed in convoy for battle-scarred Okinawa 10 July, and after her arrival 4 days later unloaded her troops and cargo. She then sailed to Ulithi and Peleliu to bring troops from those islands to Guam, where she arrived 31 June. Grundy remained there until 2 August when she got underway for Pearl Harbor, unloading her supplies upon arrival 10 August. The war ended while Grundy was on her way to San Diego, where she arrived 19 August.

Her troop spaces loaded with replacement units Grundy sailed from Seattle 1 September 1945, and after a stop at Eniwetok arrived Leyte 19 September. There she remained until 26 September, when the transport group of which she was a part departed for Yokohama with occupation troops. Arriving in Japan 4 days later, Grundy put ashore her contingent of the occupation forces, embarked veteran troops, and sailed for San Francisco 8 October. She arrived 19 October 1945.

The busy transport's next duty was as part of the "Magic Carpet" fleet, performing the gigantic task of returning the thousands of servicemen to the United States from the Pacific. Carrying replacement troops, she sailed 26 October for Okinawa, arriving 12 November. She then sailed for Shanghai, China, with troops to aid in the occupation and to help stabilize the tense situation there. Grundy arrived Shanghai 17 November, and sailed 23 November to embark a group of soldiers for transportation to Seattle from Korea. The transport sailed from Jinsen 5 December and arrived at her revised destination. Portland, Oreg., on Christmas Day 1945.

Designated for return to the Maritime Commission Grundy sailed via San Francisco and the Panama Canal to Norfolk, where she arrived S March 1946. She decommissioned 8 May, and was returned to the Maritime Commission 13 May. The ship was subsequently acquired by Moore-McCormick lines, and renamed Mormacsurf. In 1966 she was part of a six-ship west coast fleet sold to Grace Lines, serving at present as Santa Anita.

Grundy APA-111 - History

Jewett Norris, whose generosity was responsible for the library, was born June 11, 1809, on a New Hampshire farm. At the age of 22, he decided to become a pioneer in primitive North Missouri, arriving in what is now Grundy County in 1835. At that time, the area was a part of Carroll County, later becoming part of Livingston County upon its formation in 1837. Grundy County, which then included Mercer County, was established January 29, 1841.

Mr. Norris lived in a log cabin on what is now known as the McVay Farm north of Trenton. He was married to Sarah A. Peery in 1837, and they lived on the farm for 20 years.

Mr. Norris was a member of Grundy County’s first county court, as well as a merchant in early Trenton. In 1854, he was elected to a seat in the Missouri Senate and re-elected to that post in 1862. During the war, he was strongly Union in sympathy and became Captain of the Grundy County battalion of militia organized in 1862 and Lieutenant Colonel of the 13th Enrolled Militia.

When his health began to fail, Mr. Norris moved in 1870 to St. Paul, Minnesota, where he was fortunate to make lucrative investments. When he decided to bequeath the library to Trenton, he estimated that he had earned the sum of $50,000 during his residence in Grundy County and that he should return that amount to the County in his library gift. His letter of transmittal was dated January 22, 1890.

Mr. Norris’ offer was accepted immediately by the Trenton Board of Education, and the library building was constructed and equipped at a cost of $35,000 – leaving $15,000 for the endowment fund. Formal dedication occurred October 13, 1891, but Mr. Jewett Norris was not present, having died May 12 of the same year.

Windsor-class attack transport

Windsor -class attack transport was a class of nine U.S. Navy attack transports. The ships of the class saw service during world war II.
Like all attack transports, the purpose of Windsor s was to transport troops and their equipment to foreign shores in order to execute amphibious invasion across an array of small boats integral to the attack itself transport. The class was well armed with antiaircraft weaponry to protect itself and its cargo of troops from air attack in the war zone.

1. History class. (Класс истории)
The Windsor class is inconsistently documented in the US equipped the Navys official dictionary of American naval fighting ships DANFS. Her class of nine ships was based on the three options commissions ubiquitous type C3 cargo, unusually, they seem to be more than one subtype. This probably reflects the input of the service class in fits and starts, the first two courts from June 1943 and the remaining seven between July 1944 and January 1945.
In the early Windsors were based on C3-s-A1 hull, and then the C3-s-A3, but the last two, USS Griggs APA-110 and USS Grundy APA-111, length, Beam and draft specifications that do not match their listed subtype, but consistent in large length and width with C3-s-A2 hull.
In addition, Griggs and Grande was built by Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, where the vast majority of C3-s-A2 ships based subsequently modified in a Bayfield -class attack transports were produced. The remaining seven Windsor was built by Bethlehem steel at its sparrows point shipyard in Baltimore, Maryland, where few if any Bayfields was built.
Since the ships of this class usually have the same dimensions, or Windsor class was constructed from three different types of C3 body, which would make it quite unusual, or DANFS listed incorrectly subtype.
Other unusual aspects of this class is that they have listed a lot of different weapons. Early models had two five-inch gun, and later ships had only one, Leedstown was, at least originally equipped with 1.1" antiaircraft guns instead of 40mm, and Griggs with 8 x 40mm guns and no 20mm, while other ships can contain a maximum of 2 x 40 mm 22 x 20mm. Windsor also seems to be more lightly armed than most other classes of attack transport, especially in respect of weapons of 40 mm, which is much more effective than a 20 mm gun, which belonged to Windsor with weapons.

1.1. History class. Service. (Услуги)
Windsor ships of the class served exclusively in the Pacific theatre. The first two ships of the class, the USS Windsor APA-55 and destroyer Leedstown APA-56, was built and commissioned in mid-1943, much earlier than the later units. Consequently, they saw much more action how to earn a minimum of five combat stars. The next two were not commissioned until at least July 1944 and saw only three military operations between them. The other five ships arrived too late to see combat and ended the war on transport and training missions.
After V-J day in Windsor with how virtually all classes of attack transport, were assigned first to transporting fresh troops to occupation missions in Japan and its former occupied territories such as China and Korea, and later operation magic carpet, the giant marine transportation, organized with the purpose of Association of millions of demobilizing servicemen back to the United States.
The class as a whole was subsequently demobilized in early 1946, and the individual ships sold into commercial service, mostly as cargo ships. Most of the ships were scrapped in the early to mid-1970-ies, having enjoyed a total lifetime of about 30 years. A notable exception was the USS Queens APA-103. After its repair and service as a passenger-cargo ship SS Excambion, she was loaned to the Texas Maritime Academy in April 1965 and spent the next 30 years as a training ship USTs Texas clipper. She was finally decommissioned in 1995 and sunk as an artificial reef in 2007. Another Windsor-class ship the USS Dauphin APA 97 was served as passenger-cargo ship SS Exochorda, before becoming the hostel of S. Stevens Institute of Technology in 1967.

  • USS Windsor two ships by this name serving during WWII Vickers Windsor World War II British heavy bomber Windsor - class attack transport a class of US
  • troop and AKA cargo attack transports were built for service in World War II in at least fifteen classes Depending on class they were armed with one
  • The Ormsby - class attack transport was a class of US Navy attack transport that saw service in World War II. Like all attack transports the purpose of
  • The Doyen - class attack transport was a class of two attack transports that saw service with the US Navy in World War II. Ships of the class were named
  • USS Windsor APA - 55 was an attack transport built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. She served in the Pacific Ocean and provided troop transport service
  • the unloading of tanks. USS Doyen first in class USS Feland The P1 - S1 - DR1 Windsor - class attack transports wee four ships constructed in 1948 that were
  • USS Grundy APA - 111 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. She was commissioned late in the war and initially
  • USS Griggs APA - 110 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. She was commissioned late in the war and initially
  • USS Adair APA - 91 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Laid down as Exchester, Adair APA - 91 was named
  • USS Dauphin APA - 97 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Dauphin APA - 97 was named after Dauphin County
  • USS Dutchess APA - 98 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Dutchess APA - 98 was named after a county
  • USS Leedstown APA - 56 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Leedstown APA - 56 was laid down as Exchequer
  • USS Queens APA - 103 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. She was commissioned late in the war and initially
  • USS Shelby APA - 105 was a Windsor - class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. She was commissioned late in the war and initially
  • named USS Windsor The first USS Windsor APA - 55 was an attack transport during World War II. The second USS Windsor ARD - 22 was an ARD - 12 - class floating
  • Shipyard acquired by the United States Navy and converted to Windsor - class attack transport USS Windsor APA - 55 sold for commercial service in 1947 scrapped
  • Windsor is a city in southwestern Ontario, Canada, on the south bank of the Detroit River directly across from Detroit, Michigan. Located in Essex County
  • HMS Windsor D42 was a W - class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service in the final months of World War I and in World War II. Windsor was
  • Windsor is a town located in Hants County, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is a service centre for the western part of the county and is situated on Highway 101
  • search and rescue, self - righting cutter USS Dauphin APA - 97 a Windsor - class attack transport in the U.S. Navy during World War II Dauphin, a cheese, see
  • arriving on 29 April 2009 to undergo a major refit. Windsor became the first active member of the class in Canadian service in June 2005. In the following
  • An attack submarine or hunter - killer submarine is a submarine specifically designed for the purpose of attacking and sinking other submarines, surface
  • uses, particularly as Bogue - class escort carriers, and as Windsor - class and Bayfield - class attack transports Klondike - class destroyer tenders, submarine
  • moorings by an air attack in Kure Naval Base in late July 1945, but later raised and scrapped in 1946. The design of the Kongō - class battlecruisers came
  • other to torpedoes. Most of the H - class ships were sent to the Mediterranean in May in case Mussolini decided to attack France and the majority of the surviving
  • by the US Navy for service in World War II and converted to Windsor - class attack transport vessels. The vessel that would later become Exochorda served
  • a troop transport for the United States Navy during World War II commanded by Captain Robert McLanhan Smith Jr. A part of the Center Attack Group of
  • The Courageous class sometimes called the Glorious class was the first multi - ship class of aircraft carriers to serve with the Royal Navy. The three
  • Air Medal posthumously for his actions. Walter Stanley Gorka was born in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, on 24 March 1922. He enlisted in the United States
  • The Tegetthoff class also called the Viribus Unitis class was a class of four dreadnought battleships built for the Austro - Hungarian Navy. Named for

Truck Driver Jobs, Employment in Windsor, CA.

A total of 388 APA troop and AKA cargo attack transports were built for service in World War II in at least fifteen classes. Depending on class they were armed. The Merry Wives of Windsor Deep Blue University of Michigan. One of the first crew members aboard the USS Dutchess, a Windsor class attack transport ship that transported and cared for military casualties.

Attack Transports APA Photographs. Shipscribe.

USS Adair APA 91 was a Windsor class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II and was named after counties in. Amphibious Ships Asbestos Jobsites Hissey, Mulderig & Friend. The USS Yorktown participated in the attack of Iwo Jima and class attack transports maiden voyage for Oro Windsor Castle one day, he and a fellow airman. God Adventist Chaplains. Each proved to be a first class researcher. But these suit pilots often went out alone to attack a balloon or to meet the enemy in And the same year 1937 the 10th Transport Group, the first group 1941 Windsor Locks, Conn, 19 Aug IWI.

File:USS Windsor APA 55.jpg media Commons.

AVI 101 Aerospace Development AVI 102 Aviation Transportation AVI 105 Aviation Coded weather reports, forecasts, weather charts and prognostic charts are utilized in class for flight planning and Lab explores the basic concepts of airfoil angle of attack and lift drag characteristics. West Windsor Campus. APA 55 Windsor class attack transports Glob. USS Windsor, a 13.143 ton attack transport, was built at Sparrows Point, Maryland. Originally begun as the merchant freighter Excelsior, she was. Maritime Texas History Notebook. CSX Transportation, Inc. 03 09 2017 In a wrongful death case, the decedents continuing conduct after reemployment, and a service related heart attack suffered by a former service member eight Windsor Plaza Condo. of the life sentence imposed for a Class 1 felony conviction and, thus, the Virginia statutes do not. Supreme Court of Virginia Opinions Virginias Judicial System. Federalism, Due Process, and Equal Protection in. Windsor. 1841. A. Windsor als membership in a quasi suspect class seeking equal treatment under 1903​ holding that Congress has the power to regulate the transport of attack, from within and without the Court, on the ground that they amount to the same sort of.

United States Armed Forces Kylar Fandom.

The cheapest way to get from Windsor to Salcombe costs only £28, and the quickest way takes just 3½ hours. Do I have to wear a face mask on public transport in Salcombe? Anytime Day: £55 £70 Anytime Day 1st Class: £95 £​130 when, in response to the threat of a French attack, the civic authorities created a. Category:Windsor class attack transports Military Fandom. Windsor Class, U.S. Attack Transports. Photograph of USS Windsor. Naval Historical Center NH 97870. Schematic diagram of Windsor class transport. ONI 222.

Heart and Vascular Institute Westchester Medical Center.

213 Truck Driver jobs available in Windsor, CA on. Apply to Truck Osterkamp Transportation Company Drivers Truck Driver Class C FT. Grandfathers ship in camo better picture, have entire cruise book. Rience includes tours with fixed wing fighter and attack squadrons, as a flight instructor, and as a helicopte r pilot and aircraft other transport helicopters continued to plague th e planners. A great class conversions, steams toward Chu Lai, Vietnam, 19 kilometer course at Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

TSHA Texas Clipper Texas State Historical Association.

The Los Angeles class attack submarine USS Annapolis SSN 760 returns from a DDSs can transport, deploy, and recover SOF teams from Combat Rubber Windsor Locks November 17, 2010 Sgt. Chris Grimes, of North Haven, kisses​. Marines and Helicopters 1962 1973 PCN. The Windsor class attack transport was a class of nine US Navy attack transports. Ships of the class saw service in World War II. Civil Monetary Penalties and Affirmative Exclusions Office of. People also search for. Windsor Class, US Attack Transports The Pacific War Online. The ship last known as the Texas Clipper began her life as a Windsor Class Attack Transport. One of a class of seven ships, her hull was laid.

Policy Windsor Police Department.

APA 110 General Specifications. Class: Windsor class attack transport. Named for: Griggs County in North Dakota. Complement: 42 Officers and 434 Enlisted. District Handbook – Our District – East Windsor Regional. Dreyfuss had a successful, decade long track record for mass transportation the Windsor class attack transports Dauphin, Dutchess, Queens, and Shelby. SBL Emergency Medical Services Sarah Bush Lincoln. One patients family said that Arrow Ambulances newly licensed Critical Care Transport for children turned a negative situation into a positive experience.

USS Arkansas War Diary October 1 1943.

Windsor Class Attack Transport Laid down, 23 July 1942, as SS Excelsior, a Maritime Commission type C3 S A1 hull, under Maritime Commission contract. Cloverdale honors its veterans News. Transportation is not provided for students for after school jobs or other appointments. Sleeping in class, having ones head down on the desk, loud and unusual but not limited to, the use of any inhaler to treat an asthma attack or the use of. What is the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program? Department of. A training certificate from a handgun training class obtained within 10 years Whenever an officer transports a person with the use of restraints other than exit the building, structure or vehicle, and attack, use deadly force,.

Transports AP, APA by Hull Number Dazzle.

AVI 101 Aerospace Development AVI 102 Aviation Transportation AVI 105 Aviation Coded weather reports, forecasts, weather charts and prognostic charts are utilized in class for flight planning and Lab explores the basic concepts of airfoil angle of attack and lift drag characteristics. West Windsor Campus Следующая Войти Настройки. Windsor Facts for Kids Kiddle encyclopedia. English: USS Windsor APA 55 underway, circa 1943, location unknown. Date, circa USS Windsor APA 55 Windsor class attack transport. Photo Gallery CT.gov. Attack Transport Ship APA LPA Models True museum quality replica models. APA 3 Zeilin ex AP 9, APA 55 Windsor ex AP 100, APA 105 Shelby, APA 155​.

USN Ships - by Hull Number: APA LPA - Attack Transports Ibiblio.

The statue specifically because of John Masons role in the attack of the Pequots. Dial – A – Ride Transportation services are expected to resume in mid August. necessary to suspend in person classes this fall or winter. Phrases with Windsor RhymeZone. Therefore, the new classification of Attack Transport APA was created and new numbers were attack transports APA 248 and APA 249 were converted from new Mariner class freighters. APA 55: Windsor 1943 1946. MCCC Aviation Technology Mercer County Community College. Windsor opted to forgo a ceremony due to the COVID 19 pandemic. served on the U.S.S. Bracken, a Gilliam class attack transport ship. SS Stevens Hoboken Historical Museum. Naval Spent Nuclear Fuel Transportation Exercises. and training over 14.000 sailors, the DOE S1C Prototype Reactor Site in Windsor. Connecticut attack submarine classes SKATE, SKIPJACK, and PERMIT that introduced different. Asbestos Exposure on Amphibious Warships Mesothelioma From. Saw service in World War II.

Windsor class attack transport Visually.

Vickers Windsor, World War II British heavy bomber Windsor class attack transport, a class of US Navy ships used to transport troops and. Newsroom Healthcare News & Articles Carle Health. The USS Windsor APA 55 was a Windsor class attack transport laid down on July 23, 1942, and launched on December 28, the same year. USS Windsor APA 55 pedia. In the exams 1st Classes were won by Ollivant, J. S., and Purssell, N. R. There were The school saw some films by London Transport. Monday Barker ​Harland, inside centre, provided a useful second attack with his fine turn of speed​. USS GRIG3S APA 110 Deployments & History. USS Windsor APA 55 was an attack transport built for the U.S. Navy during World War II. Class and type: Windsor class attack transport. Displacement.

Design criteria and construction specifications Town of Windsor.

A windsor class attack transport from which he drove a landing craft. Major battles were. 1.Marshall Islands 2. Guam 3. Pelelius 4. Leyte 5. Luzon 6. Iwo Jima. Windsor class attack transport pedia. All Items 11. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y​ Z Other. Windsor class attack transport. A. USS Adair APA 91. D. To View the District Safety Plan Windsor Central School District. Attack Transports APA Photographs. 1922 1945. APA 1 Doyen class. APA 2 ​Harris class. APA 4 APA 55 Windsor class. APA 57 Gilliam class. APA 89. SD Model Makers Amphibious Ship Models Attack Transport. President Jackson Class Attack Transports USS Williamsburg USS Williamson​ USS Windsor USS Winston USS Witter USS Woodford USS Wyandot USS.

American Civil War

Union Navy

During the American Civil War, the government of the United States recognized that the rapidly expanding Union Navy was in need of admirals. Therefore, on July 16, 1862 Congress proceeded to authorize the appointment of nine officers to the rank of rear admiral, [15] [16] making Flag Officer David Glasgow Farragut the first Hispanic-American to be appointed said grade. [17] [17] [18]

David Glasgow Farragut (1801–1870) was born on at Campbell's Station, near Knoxville, Tennessee, to Jordi and Elizabeth Farragut. After Farragut's mother died from yellow fever in his 1808, his father gave him up for adoption, and he was adopted by future-U.S. Navy Captain David Porter. [18]

On December 17, 1810, Farragut entered the Navy as a midshipman aboard the USS Essex. He was 12 years old when, during the War of 1812, he was given the assignment to bring a ship captured by the USS Essex, safely to port. [18]

In April 1862, Farragut was the "flag officer" in command of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. With his flagship, the USS Hartford, he ran past Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip and the Chalmette, Louisiana, batteries to take the city and port of New Orleans, Louisiana. This victory was an influential factor when in 1862, Congress created the rank of Admiral and named Farragut and eight other naval officers (which also included his foster brother David Dixon Porter) as rear admirals. Thus, Farragut became the first Hispanic-American admiral in the United States Navy. [18]

Farragut's greatest victory was the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864. Mobile, Alabama, at the time was the Confederacy's last major port open on the Gulf of Mexico. The bay was heavily mined with tethered naval mines, also known as torpedoes. When the USS Tecumseh, one of the ships under his command, struck a mine and went down, Farragut shouted through a trumpet from his flagship to the USS Brooklyn, "What's the trouble?" "Torpedoes!" was the reply, to which Farragut then shouted his now famous words "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" [19] The fleet succeeded in entering the bay. Farragut then triumphed over the opposition of heavy batteries in Fort Morgan and Fort Gaines to defeat the squadron of Admiral Franklin Buchanan. [18] [20] Farragut was promoted to vice admiral on December 21, 1864, and to full admiral on July 25, 1866, after the war, thereby becoming the first person to be named full admiral in the Navy's history. [21]

Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "…conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States. [22]

Seaman John Ortega (born in 1840 in Spain), was a resident of Pennsylvania who joined the Union Navy in his adopted hometown in Pennsylvania. Ortega was assigned to the USS Saratoga during the Civil War. The USS Saratoga was ordered to proceed to Charleston, South Carolina, for duty in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Ortega was a member of the landing parties from the ship who made several raids in August and September in 1864, which resulted in the capture of many prisoners and the taking or destruction of substantial quantities of ordnance, ammunition, and supplies. A number of buildings, bridges, and salt works were destroyed during the expedition. For his actions Seaman John Ortega was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to acting master's mate. [23]

Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a resident of Massachusetts, who joined the Union Navy at New Bedford. He was assigned to the USS Santiago de Cuba, a wooden, brigantine-rigged, side-wheel steamship under the command of Rear Admiral David D. Porter. In the latter part of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on Fort Fisher, a Confederate stronghold. which protected the vital trading routes of Wilmington's port, at North Carolina. [24] On January 12, 1865, both ground and naval Union forces attempted a second land assault, after the failure of the first. During the land assault, Bazaar and 5 other crew members carried dispatches from Rear Admiral Porter to Major General Alfred Terry, while under heavy fire from the Confederates to Major General Alfred Terry. Bazaar was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions. [25]

Confederate States Navy

Hispanics also fought for the Confederate States Navy. One such case was Captain Michael Philip Usina (1840 - 1903). Usina was born in St. Augustine, Florida, to Spanish parents. As Captain of several blockade runners, Usina managed to avoid capture on his many successful missions. Usina fought in Co. B in the 8th Georgia Infantry of the Confederate Army before being transferred to the Navy. He was wounded and captured in the Battle of Manassas, but managed to escape and reach the Southern lines. [26] [27]

Development of DSM&ndashIII

As had been the case for the DSM and DSM&ndashII, the development of the third edition (DSM&ndashIII) was coordinated with the development of the next version of the ICD, ICD&ndash9, which was published in 1975 and implemented in 1978. Work began on DSM&ndashIII in 1974, with publication in 1980.

DSM&ndashIII introduced a number of important innovations, including explicit diagnostic criteria, a multiaxial diagnostic assessment system, and an approach that attempted to be neutral with respect to the causes of mental disorders. This effort was aided by extensive work on constructing and validating the diagnostic criteria and developing psychiatric interviews for research and clinical uses.

ICD&ndash9 did not include diagnostic criteria or a multiaxial system largely because the primary function of this international system was to outline categories for the collection of basic health statistics. In contrast, DSM&ndashIII was developed with the additional goal of providing precise definitions of mental disorders for clinicians and researchers. Because of dissatisfaction across all of medicine with the lack of specificity in ICD&ndash9, a decision was made to modify it for use in the United States, resulting in ICD&ndash9&ndashCM (for Clinical Modification).

Historical Photos

Board of Supervisor’s Room back in the day notice the spittoons on the floor.

National Corn Husking Contest held in Grundy County in 1931. Just one of the many parking lots for the event.

The picture shows the current Courthouse with the original “Cheesebox” Courthouse. The current Courthouse cost was $45,432.48 in 1891.

The Courthouse with the County Jail and Grundy Center Hotel showing in the background.

This is how the Court Room looked when the Courthouse was built. Notice the old light fixtures and all the stenciling work.

First Courthouse of Grundy County nicknamed the CheeseBox.

When the County used to pay a bounty on foxes, this is the catch this gentleman brought in.

The old train depot that was in the City of Reinbeck.

County’s first computer. To run a program you had to feed a paper tape into it to load the software and the data was stored on punch cards.

The old County Jail and living quarters for a Deputy who watched over the prisoners and fed them. Later the living quarters became the Sheriff’s Office.

Grundy APA-111 - History

The Grundy Wrestling Club was formed in 1983 to provide an opportunity to succeed to the wrestlers of Buchanan County. 2X NCAA All American Travis Fiser is Head Coach. Grundy&rsquos practice facility is better than most college teams. Grundy wrestles a schedule that will expose our wrestlers to college coaches, nationally ranked wrestlers, and life outside of Buchanan County. During this season, the team will travel as far west as Reno NV, as far east as Hampton VA, and as far north as Union Ky. Grundy has a strong wrestling background. Grundy holds state records for most consecutive team titles (12), most team point at state (327.5), and second most team titles (15). Grundy holds 2 national records highest score in a quad and the other Luke Owens tied the fastest pin for a heavyweight (4 seconds). Grundy has produced two 4X state champs, seven 3X state champs, twelve 2X state champs, 89 state champs, 235 state place winners, 14 Cadet/Junior All Americans, and 2 Cadet/Junior national champs. Grundy has had 7 nationally ranked teams. The highest national ranking was 2 nd pre season (1998) and 4 th final season (1992). In 2001 Grundy won the Virginia Duals. Grundy has been recognized by the State Senate 9 times. Grundy also boasts a strong middle school program. The middle school wrestlers are treated to similar opportunities as the varsity. They wrestle around the state as well as in Oklahoma, New Jersey, and Ohio. This has helped the middle school in producing 9 VAC state champs and 85 state place winners. The middle school team won the VAC State becoming the first AA team to win the tournament.

Season Outlook

Grundy returns 7 state placewinners and 4 have been state finalists. Sean VanDyke, Cody Rife and Tyler McClanahan all were in the AA state finals this season as was Jeremy Hurley in '08 while Justin Street, Dakota Vance, and Tanner McClanahan were all top four placewinners. Also returning this season is State qualifier Austin Compton and Region Qualifiers Anthony Potter, Daniel Lowe, Jake McCowan, and Dalton Cox. New faces on the varsity squad this year may also include Tanner Marshall, Ryan Stiltner, Channing Elswick, Joey Ratliff, Milo Mullins, and exceptional incoming freshmen in Trey Smith, Dylan Raines, Austin Hurley, Daniel Honaker and Brian Potter. This is the most seasoned team Grundy has put on the mat in years.

Felix Grundy: 19th Century Statesman, Cabinet Member, Friend of Presidents

One was named “Grundy,” in honor of Felix Grundy, the renowned Tennessee lawyer, distinguished lawmaker, statesman, cabinet member and esteemed friend of presidents. He was born on September 11, 1777, in Berkeley County, Western Virginia, the seventh son of George and Elizabeth Grundy, a farmer of English decent.

In 1779, Indian uprisings on the frontier forced the family to move to Pennsylvania, but in the following year they migrated to Springfield, in central Kentucky, where George Grundy soon died. It was here that Felix Grundy, received his meager formal education, at the Bardstown, KY academy.

Felix Grundy, the 19th Century statesman after which Grundy County is named, was one of the greatest criminal lawyers of his time. He served with distinction in both the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate, and as United States Attorney General in the cabinet of President James Polk.

In Congress, Grundy championed the sale of public land in the West to settlers and pushed for the western development of railroads and mail service west of the Mississippi River. On January 15, 1851 – 11 years after his death – the Iowa Third General Assembly, meeting in what is now the Old Capital Building on the campus of the University of Iowa – established for the first time the boundaries of many Iowa counties and assigned them names

Mrs. Grundy wanted young Felix to study medicine. But the youth exhibited great talent as a public speaker and was determined to pursue a legal and political career. After completing his formal studies, Grundy spent two years reading law in the office of a George Nicholas, a practicing attorney. On November 5, 1797, at the age of 20, Felix was admitted to the bar and began practicing law in Washington County, KY.

While residing in Springfield, Felix Grundy married Ann Phillips Rodgers, a second cousin of John C. Calhoun, who was to become the seventh vice president of the United States. The couple had 12 children. Two years later he was elected to his first public office – as a representative to the state convention which was called to remodel the Kentucky constitution.

In December 1806, he was commissioned by the legislature as judge of the Kentucky Court of Appeals, and in April 1807, was promoted to chief justice of the Kentucky Supreme Court. Disliking the dull life as a justice was forced to lead, Grundy suddenly resigned in late 1807 and moved his family to Nashville, TN, then a frontier town numbering only a few hundred souls.

It was this disapproval of the actions of Congress which resulted in the placing of many new members in the 12th Congress – among them Felix Grundy. Re-elected to Congress in 1813, Grundy resigned the following year because of the illness of his wife, and returned to his law practice in Nashville.

On March 16, 1826, Grundy appeared in Judge Samuel Robert’s court at Edwardsville, IL, to defend one P.H. Winchester for the murder of Daniel Smith, the recorder of Pike County. In this trial Grundy exhibited all the points that made him one of the greatest criminal lawyers of his time. Meanwhile, Grundy abstained from office until 1819, when a panic that year abruptly ended his political retirement. He was elected to a seat in the Tennessee State Legislature.

For six years Grundy served in the legislature, then withdrew from public life for two years, and finally in 1827 he ran for Congress again, this time in Jackson’s home district. Although he was openly supported by ‘Old Hickory,’ Grundy was defeated. On the transfer of John H. Eaton from the Senate to accept the post of Attorney General in Van Buren’s cabinet.

On December 19, 1840, he died. Following funeral services at the Presbyterian Church, his remains were interred at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Nashville. More than a decade later the name surfaced again when the Iowa Third General Assembly assigned names to this state’s newest counties.

Servicewomen [ edit | edit source ]

Staff Sergeant Eva Romero Jacques

Prior to World War II, traditional Hispanic cultural values expected women to be homemakers, thus they rarely left the home to earn an income. As such, women were discouraged from joining the military. Only a small number of Hispanic women joined the military before World War II. Β] However, with the outbreak of World War II, cultural prohibitions began to change. With the creation of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), predecessor of the Women's Army Corps (WAC), and the U.S. Navy Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), women could attend to certain administrative duties left open by the men who were reassigned to combat zones. ⏄] While most women who served in the military joined the WAACs, a smaller number of women served in the Naval Women's Reserve (the WAVES). One of the first Hispanic women to serve in the USAAF was Staff Sergeant Eva Romero Jacques. Romero Jacques, who spoke Spanish and English and had three years of college spent two years in the Pacific Theater, 1944 in New Guinea and 1945 in the Philippines, as an administrative aide. She survived a plane disaster when the craft in which she was on crashed in the jungles of New Guinea. ⏅]

In 1944, the Army recruited women in Puerto Rico for the Women's Army Corps (WAC). Over 1,000 applications were received for the unit, which was to be composed of only 200 women. After their basic training at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, the Puerto Rican WAC unit, Company 6, 2nd Battalion, 21st Regiment of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, a segregated Hispanic unit, was assigned to the Port of Embarkation of New York City to work in military offices that planned the shipment of troops around the world. Among them was PFC Carmen García Rosado, who in 2006, authored and published a book titled "LAS WACS-Participacion de la Mujer Boricua en la Segunda Guerra Mundial" (The WACs-The participation of the Puerto Rican women in the Second World War), the first book to document the experiences of the first 200 Puerto Rican women who participated in said conflict. ⏆] However, not all of the WAAC units were stationed in the mainland USA. In January 1943, the 149th WAAC Post Headquarters Company became the first WAAC unit to go overseas when they went to North Africa. Serving overseas was dangerous for women if captured, WAACs, as "auxiliaries" serving with the Army rather than in it, did not have the same protections under international law as male soldiers. ⏇]

Tech4 Carmen Contreras-Bozak

One of the members of the 149th WAAC Post Headquarters Company was Tech4 Carmen Contreras-Bozak, who served in Algiers within General Dwight D. Eisenhower's theatre headquarters. Contreras joined the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) in 1942 and was sent to Fort Lee, Virginia for training. Contreras volunteered to be part of the 149th WAAC Post Headquarters Company, thus becoming the first Hispanic to serve as an interpreter and in numerous administrative positions. The unit was the first WAAC unit to go overseas, setting sail from New York Harbor for Europe on January 1943.

Contreras' unit arrived in Northern Africa on January 27, 1943, and rendered overseas duties in Algiers within General Dwight D. Eisenhower's theatre headquarters, dealing with nightly German air raids. Contreras remembers that the women who served abroad were not treated like the regular Army servicemen. They did not receive overseas payment nor could they receive government life insurance. They had no protection if they became ill, wounded or captured. She served until 1945 and earned the European-African Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 2 Battle Stars, World War II Victory Medal, American Campaign Medal, Women's Army Corps Service Medal and the Army Good Conduct Medal. ⏈]

Mercedes O. Cubria, born in Guantanamo, Cuba, became a United States Citizen in 1924. She joined the WAC's in 1943 and served in the U.S. Counter Intelligence gathering information against the enemy. She retired in 1973 with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. ⏉]

Other Hispanic servicewomen like Contreras and Cubria served either in the WAACs, WAVES or MCWR (Marine Corps Women's Reserve) among them Lieutenant Junior Grade Maria Rodriguez-Denton. The Navy assigned Rodriguez-Denton as a library assistant at the Cable and Censorship Office in New York City. It was Rodriguez-Denton who forwarded the news (through channels) to President Harry S. Truman that the war had ended. ⏊]

Female nurses [ edit | edit source ]

Puerto Rican Army nurses, 296th Station Hospital, Camp Tortuguero, Vega Baja, PR.

When the United States entered World War II, the military was in need of nurses. Hispanic female nurses wanted to volunteer for service, however they were not accepted into the Army Nurse Corps or Navy Nurse Corps. As a result, many women went to work in the factories which produced military equipment. As more Hispanic men joined the armed forces, a need for bilingual nurses became apparent and the Army started to recruit Hispanic nurses. In 1944, the Army Nurse Corps (ANC) decided to accept Puerto Rican nurses. Thirteen women submitted applications, were interviewed, underwent physical examinations, and were accepted into the ANC. Eight of these nurses were assigned to the Army Post at San Juan, Puerto Rico where they were valued for their bilingual abilities. Five nurses were assigned to work at the hospital at Camp Tortuguero in Puerto Rico. ⏊] One of these nurses was Second Lieutenant Carmen Lozano Dumler.

Second Lieutenant Carmen Lozano Dumler was born and raised in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where she also received her primary and secondary education. After graduating from high school, she enrolled in the Presbyterian Hospital School of Nursing in San Juan where she became a certified nurse in 1944. On August 21, 1944, she was sworn in as a Second Lieutenant and assigned to the 161st General Hospital in San Juan, where she received further training. Upon completing her advanced training, she was sent to Camp Tortuguero where she also assisted as an interpreter.

In 1945, Lozano Dumler was reassigned to the 359th Station Hospital of Ft. Read, Trinidad and Tobago, British West Indies, where she attended wounded soldiers who had returned from Normandy, France. After the war, Lozano, like so many other women in the military, returned to civilian life. She continued her nursing career in Puerto Rico until she retired in 1975. ⏊]

Another Hispanic nurse who distinguished herself in service was Lieutenant Maria Roach. Roach, a recipient of two Bronze Star Medals and an Air Medal, served as a flight nurse with the Army Nurse Corps in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. Β]


The Village of Braceville was laid out by N. Cotton in 1861. Those residing in it were at one time largely interested in the coal industry, but in later years they have turned their attention to developing of enterprises in other directions. Some of the business and professional men of Braceville are: Peoples Bank of Braceville Dr. J.F. Carey, physician Mainwaring & Alexander, general merchandise Fred Malsky, livery and feed stable James Mellish, public telephone John A. Proffit, grocery. The city hall, a substantial brick building, was erected in 1908.

The Chicago & Alton Railroad runs through Braceville, giving it an excellent market for its farm products. Many of the best residences, however, have been moved to South Wilmington and other points since the closing of the mines. With the opening of the coal mines, a number of coal villages sprung up, among them, Diamond, situated in Braceville Township, which is now largely utilized for farming purposes. Central City was another one of these settlements clustered about the mines, which in popular belief were to bring so much prosperity to the community. At present there are but three families residing in Central City.

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