History Podcasts

University of Albany

University of Albany

Located in the state capital of Albany, New York, the University of Albany was established as a normal school, in 1844. It was a two-year institution both to train new and upgrade existing common school teachers.The College for Teachers rapidly grew into a four-year institution between 1890 and 1914, and a new curriculum was sketched out. Several buildings were constructed on Western Avenue, in 1909, to accomodate incoming students.In 1914, the institution officially became the New York State College for Teachers. The college became the State University of New York, in 1962.During the spring of 1970, the campus was disrupted as the students joined students in other places to protest the Vietnam War.The 1975-76 financial crises also affected the university by having some program cancellations and other readjustments.In the 1980s and 1990s, it emerged as a mature public research university. Today, over 100 undergraduate, 82 master's, and 37 doctoral programs are offered here.The main campus features 13 academic buildings on a common platform, the University Library and the Performing Arts Center, several theaters, recital halls, rehearsal rooms, and instructional areas.There is also a Fine Arts Building, which houses one of the finest museums in the Northeast, a meteorological laboratory, a Computing Center, and a linear accelerator for physics research.Outdoor recreation facilities at this New York university include 24 tennis courts, four basketball and six volleyball courts, an all-weather running track, and several multi-purpose playing areas.The Recreation and Convocation Center is the newest addition to the athletic and physical education area. It provides an arena (seating capacity of nearly 4,800), a running track for indoor competition, a modern fitness center, a fully equipped and modern athletic training complex, four additional handball/racquetball courts, four squash courts, two main locker rooms, and 10 smaller team locker rooms.


The City of Albany's story begins with Fort Orange, which was established by the Dutch West India Company as a fur trading post in 1624. Prior to European settlement, the Tri-City area was inhabited by the Algonquian and Iroquois tribes.

Among the first European settlers at Fort Orange were the Walloons, who spoke French or were of French ancestry. More specifically, the Walloons came from the Spanish Netherlands (modern day Belgium and parts of other European countries).

Fort Orange consisted of a small detachment of soldiers from the Dutch West India Company, farmers, and other employees who conducted the main business transactions. However, in the following years, the trading post grew and settlers began to move north of Fort Orange to a new settlement that would be named Beverwyck.

In 1664, the settlement surrendered to the British, and King Charles II granted ownership of the territory to his brother James. Soon after, Beverwyck was renamed Albany. Then, in 1686, Albany was recognized as a city when Governor Thomas Dongan signed the Dongan Charter. As a result, Albany is still the oldest continuously chartered city in the country.

Though technically part of Britain's crown until the American Revolution, Dutch merchants continued to influence the city, and under Dutch guidance, Albany played an important role in maintaining communication between the French, British, and Native Americans.

Years later in 1754, the leaders of several colonies met in Albany and discussed Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan of Union, which focused on the best defense against the French. During the French and Indian War, which lasted from 1754-1763 (officially declared in 1756), Albany was a key hub for military planning.

When the American Revolution (1765-1783) occurred, Albany was once again a central location and utilized as supply center, military base, and hospital for the Patriots. During the Revolution, Albany native Philip Livingston signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. In 1797, after the British had lost control of the city, Albany became the official capital of New York State.


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At the University at Albany, library resources and philanthropy have been linked since shortly after the founding of the State Normal School at Albany - the University's "ancestor" - in December 1844. Two months after the School opened, its first library opened in one room of a former train depot on State Street and the School received its first private donation, a bequest of $300 to purchase library books.

At the University at Albany, library resources and philanthropy have been linked since shortly after the founding of the State Normal School at Albany - the University's "ancestor" - in December 1844. Two months after the School opened, its first library opened in one room of a former train depot on State Street and the School received its first private donation, a bequest of $300 to purchase library books.

When the Normal School became a four-year liberal arts college for teachers in 1906, administrators realized the importance of establishing a more comprehensive library facility. Under the leadership of Mary Cobb (1916-56), the New York State Normal College's first professionally trained librarian, the library's collection grew from fewer than 4,000 to more than 53,000 volumes and moved, in 1933, from a single room in Draper Hall (on what is now the University's downtown campus) to the first floor of Hawley Hall next door. The basement of Hawley became the College Commons, a gathering place for students until early 1951 when it was converted into additional library space.

In 1962, when the College became one of the four State University of New York University Centers, Albany's Libraries embarked on two decades of rapid growth. As a result of the change from a liberal arts college to university, faculty, student population and library collections increased rapidly, necessitating an expanded facility to house the University. In 1966, during the construction of the Edward Durell Stone designed uptown campus, the Hawley Library was closed and the collections were moved to the University Library on the academic podium of the Uptown Campus. The University Library was dedicated two years later in November 1968. Hawley Hall was rededicated as a library in 1979, when it became the library for Rockefeller College and the graduate schools relocated to the downtown campus.

Albany's University Libraries celebrated the acquisition of their one millionth volume in 1982, marking a new milestone in their development. In 1988, the downtown campus library was renamed the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Graduate Library for Public Affairs and Policy. Following more than four decades of steady growth and development, the University Library outgrew its allocated space and the campus began planning a new facility in the early 1990s. In September 1999, the Science Library was opened on the uptown campus to house the Science Library, the M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives and the Library Preservation Laboratory. The building also houses International Programs and the New York State Writers Institute.

Another milestone was reached on April 5, 2001 when Albany's Libraries celebrated the acquisition of their two millionth volume. The Libraries' collections are impressive, with particular strengths in psychology, education, biological sciences, criminal justice, business, anthropology (Meso-America), social welfare and library and information science. The M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives is located in the Science Library and is a repository for over 12,000 cubic feet of manuscript and archive collections, and over 75,000 rare and specialized book collections. Holdings include: the New York State Modern Political Archive the National Death Penalty Archive the Intellectual Émigré Collection the Miriam Snow Mathes Historical Children's Literature Collection over 5,000 rare books from 1509- 1850 and the University Archives, containing the official records of the University at Albany and its predecessor institutions from its origins in 1844 to the present.


In 1939 about 16 acres of the tract was granted to the federal government for a United States Department of Agriculture research campus, and in 1945 another 36 acres were conveyed as an agricultural experiment field station.

During World War II the federal government requisitioned most of the Gill Tract, along with a larger amount of land in the City of Berkeley, for construction of housing for families of civilian defense industry workers and of U.S. Navy personnel. Following World War II this project, known as Codornices Village, was converted to housing for families of U.C. Berkeley students, many of whom were war veterans.

University Village, a housing community for UC Berkeley students who are married or have dependents, occupies 52.5 of the original 104 acres. [1] A nine-acre portion is the current site of Ocean View Elementary School and public baseball fields.

Urban gardening plots are available to University Village residents on 6.6 acres at the western edge of the Gill Tract. Ten acres of arable, undeveloped land are used for urban agriculture and agricultural experimentation and research bound by Buchanan St. to the north, Village Creek to the south, Jackson St. to the west, and San Pablo Ave. to the east.

Four acres of trees and grasses known as Albany Meadows, formerly University Village residential buildings, serve as part of a wildlife corridor in the East Bay. The remaining six acres held facilities for agricultural experimentation and student residential buildings until their demolition in 2007. These two areas bound by Village creek to the north, Codornices creek to the south, San Pablo Avenue to the east, and Jackson Street to the west, are included in a plan for commercial development by the University of California, Berkeley. [2]

The history of the development of the Gill Tract has been described extensively in A Selective History of the Codornices-University Village, the City of Albany and Environs by Warren F. Lee and Catherine T. Lee, published in 2000 by the Belvidere Delaware Railroad Co. Enterprises, Ltd.

Pre-Colonial Edit

The land now known as the Gill Tract lays within the territory of native Ohlone people. [ citation needed ]

Spanish Colonial Edit

On August 3, 1820 Luis María Peralta received a Spanish land grant that included the acreage at Gill Tract.

Post–Mexican-American War Edit

Sometime after the 1848 Mexican–American War, a person by the name of Captain B.D. Boswell assumed ownership of land that includes today's Gill Tract. This Captain Boswell then sold the piece of land to its namesake, Edward Gill, around 1890. Edward Gill, a horticulturalist, built a home on the land and established a large nursery, which he operated until his death in 1909. Gill's son continued to operate the nursery until he sold his father's land to the University. [ citation needed ]

Sale to University of California Edit

On February 14, 1928, the regents of the University of California purchased the 104 acre Gill Tract for $450,000. [ citation needed ]

World War II – Federal government development of public housing (Codornices Village) [3] Edit

In 1943 the federal government announced to local officials its plan to requisition a portion of the Gill Tract to construct wartime housing. The announcement of this plan was opposed by political and business leaders in Berkeley and Albany, as well as some regents of the University of California. City officials opposed the potential loss of tax-revenue to public housing the university regents opposed the loss of a portion of the Gill Tract from their control.

John Blanford, administrator of the National Public Housing Authority, pushed through the plan (War Housing Project No. CAL 4479) with the assurance that, under the Lanham Act, within two years after the end of the war emergency the land would be returned to the university in the same condition that it was received. [4] [5]

Construction by the Federal Housing Authority of Codornices Village began by October 1943. John Melville, the first on-site manager of Codornices Village, stressed that no racial restrictions would apply to applicants for housing. Beginning in May 1944 housing in Codornices Village was made available to families of civilian workers in wartime industries, including Black migratory workers from the South as well as caucasian workers. In July housing was opened to families of U.S. Navy personnel. All of the social services in the village were racially integrated from the onset, two decades before the civil rights movement. These services included child-care centers, an elementary school (Codornices School), and a church. Codornices School, part of the Albany School District, served both Albany and Berkeley residents.

By August 1944 Codornices Village comprised 1,896 residential units 1,056 units were located on 75 acres of the Gill Tract (15 city blocks) within the City of Berkeley, while the remainder were located on 42 acres of the tract within the City of Albany. The initial unit rental charges, including all furnishings and utilities, were $31.50 per month for a studio, $36 a month for a one bedroom, $42.50 a month for a two bedroom, and $47 for three bedrooms.

Throughout World War II the majority of civilian war workers in Codornices Village worked as shipbuilders at Mare Island, while another large portion of residents were Navy personnel who worked at the nearby Naval Landing Force Equipment Depot adjacent to the Albany Bulb.

Post World War II Edit

In the Spring of 1946 the Federal Housing Authority disassembled nine two-story fourteen-unit apartment buildings in Oregon and reassembled them in Albany on the Gill Tract near the intersections of Jackson and Buchanan Streets. The project was known as Albany Veterans Village at Gill Court, and became the home to veterans and their families from its opening on November 15, 1946 until June 1959, when it was demolished due to health and maintenance concerns.

Additionally, the US Navy constructed a complex of fourteen apartment-buildings on the Gill Tract by March 1945. This one-hundred-unit development, known as the Kula Gulf Navy housing project, was home to Navy Veterans and combat personnel and their families.

On June 28, 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed the McGregor Act, which allowed the Federal Housing Authority to relinquish its portion of Gill Tract to the University of California. On October 31, 1948, the Albany City Council transferred ownership of the nine buildings and furnishings that comprised the Albany Veterans Village back to the University of California. [6]

University Village [7] Edit

On April 15, 1956, the UC Regents purchased 40 buildings of the portion of the Codornices Village located on Gill Tract and 14 buildings that comprised the Kula Gulf Veterans Housing from the Federal Housing Authority for $44,000. One week after this purchase the business manager for UC Berkeley, William W. Monham, recommended that the entirety of the married-student housing project be known as University Village. On April 30, 1956 the name change was approved by President Robert Sproul. [8]

University Village continues today as a housing community for UC Berkeley students who are married or have dependents.

A study on the Village Residents Association found that 46% of residents utilize food assistance programs. This is one of the reasons students and others hope to maintain this space as farm land. [9]

2010s Development Edit

In 2017, a development including a Sprouts grocery store and a retirement home was completed. [10]

Beginning in 1969, plots for urban agriculture were available to residents of the University Village. Until 1975 the University would provide irrigation and an annual till free of charge. In 1979, a 12 x 20 foot plot cost $1 per year. By 1984 a plot cost $5 tilled, and $2 without a till. By 1990 and thereafter, the charge for a plot was $10 for the first one and $5 for each additional one. Hoses and water were always provided free of charge and a till cost $8 per plot. [11] [12]

Today, small plots for urban agriculture are available exclusively to University Village residents on 6.6 acres at the western edge of the Gill Tract.

Agricultural research Edit

Since 1944, 36 acres of the Gill Tract were used as an experiment station for Biological Pest Management known as the Experiment Station for the Center for Biological Control in the College of Natural Resources. In 1998, experimental land for the Center for Biological Control was drastically limited in order to accommodate epigenetic research of non-GMO corn to patent genes for the genetic modification of organisms. [13]

August 10, 2013 marked the beginning of a participatory research project between UC professor Miguel Altieri and forty participants from surrounding neighborhoods. The participants split into ten groups of four and each managed a small plot of land as part of a competition to see which group could grow the most pounds of food per square foot.

Currently, a community farm on the Northwest corner of the Gill Tract is open to the public to participate in agroecological urban farming research. [14]

Occupy the Farm Edit

Occupy the Farm, also called "take back the tract", [15] has been a social movement that started with the 2012 occupation of the Gill Tract in Albany, California, in protest of planned commercial development of public land and in support of preserving the land for the creation of an open center for urban agroecology and food sovereignty. [16]


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The program began in 1970 with a 3–7 record competing in Division III. In 1975, the program would reach the ECAC Division III Tournament under coach Dave Armstrong. From 1975 to 1997, the Great Danes would reach two more ECAC Division III Tournaments. In 1997 the Great Danes would reach the finals of the ECAC Division II Tournament.

2000–2006 Edit

In 2000, the Great Danes began play in the America East at the Division I level. In 2001, Scott Marr was given the reins of the program. Even though the Great Danes finished with a 3–8 record in 2001, they compiled an 8–6 regular season to take the regular season conference championship in the America East in 2002. They would reach the championship game but lose to the Stony Brook Seawolves 8–6.

Led by a new crop of recruits, some of the first lacrosse players in school history to be on scholarship, such as Kevin Rae and Luke Daquino, the Great Danes would start making a mark on college lacrosse in 2003. The Great Danes would go 8–6 and seek revenge against Stony Brook in the America East semi-finals 11–5 to move on to face the University of Hartford for the America East Championship. On May 3, 2003, Albany would defeat Hartford 7–5 to win their first ever America East Championship. They would go on to face and lose to Princeton University in the first round on the NCAA Tournament.

The success for the Great Danes would not stop after 2003. With incoming recruits and a strong core of returning players, the Great Danes would continue their championship ways. In 2004, including an upset against the University of Massachusetts Amherst, the Great Danes would go on to win another America East Championship. They would play Syracuse University in the first round and lose 21–13.

The surge would continue into 2005 as the Great Danes defeated Stony Brook 16–7 to win their third straight America East Championship. However, the first round NCAA Tournament jinx would continue as the Great Danes were demolished by the University of Virginia 23–9.

2006 would be an off year for the Great Danes. With all-time career points leader at the time Luke Daquino and career saves leader Kevin Rae graduated, the team was young and over matched. The Great Danes would sneak into the America East Tournament, but lose 19–10 to UMBC. However, it would be soon that the Great Danes would go back to their winning ways.

Despite a season of struggles in 2006, the program took one major stride during the season. In the fall of 2005, John Fallon Field was completed and became the new home of the Great Danes. An all-weather facility, Albany finally had a place to call home. In previous seasons the team would play home games at University Field. However, due to harsh winters and wet springs, the field was usually not in playing condition come lacrosse season. This forced many home games to be played at local high schools and community colleges. With John Fallon Field, Albany now had one of the premier outdoor lacrosse fields in the Northeast.

2007 season Edit

In the 2007 season, the lacrosse team would be ranked in the top-25 in both USILA and Nike/Inside Lacrosse polls and reached a high of #2 in the USILA poll. Notable wins were against #1 ranked Johns Hopkins Blue Jays and #10 Delaware. On May 13, 2007, the men's lacrosse team became the first team at the Division I level to advance/win a match in the NCAA Tournament, defeating Loyola College in Maryland 19–10 in front of nearly 3,000 people at John Fallon Field. One week later, the Great Danes were defeated by undefeated Cornell University 12–11 in the NCAA Quarterfinals at Princeton University.

The team finished ranked #4 in the Nike/Inside Lacrosse poll, the highest ranking for any team in school history. Head Coach Scott Marr was awarded the USILA Division I National Lacrosse Coach of the Year to cap the amazing season.

One of the big stars for the lacrosse team in 2007 was senior attackman Frank Resetarits. He would become the first Great Dane in school history to earn first-team All-American honors as he was selected to the 2007 USILA All-America Team. Resetarits was also named a finalist for the Tewaaraton Trophy. Resetarits would also become the first lacrosse player in school history to be drafted into the Major League Lacrosse, selected by the Washington Bayhawks, but being traded and making his debut with the Long Island Lizards. Resetarits would also join the National Lacrosse League, drafted #5 overall by the San Jose Stealth in 2007 NLL Draft.

Resetarits was joined in the pros by UAlbany elite goal scorer Merrick Thomson. Thomson would sign a free agent contract with the New Jersey Pride on the MLL, and then drafted #2 overall by the Philadelphia Wings in the 2007 NLL Draft. Thomson and Restarts were respectively ranked one and two in career points at Albany following the season. Defender Liam Gleason was also signed by the New Jersey Pride shortly after the 2007 Major League Lacrosse draft.

Two other pieces of the championship team were drafted in the 2008 Major League Lacrosse draft. Midfielder Jordan Levine was selected 10th Overall by the New Jersey Pride, reuniting him with Thomson and Gleason. Star goaltender Brett Queener was selected 48th Overall by the Rochester Rattlers making him the 5th UAlbany graduate to play professionally in Major League Lacrosse.

2013 season Edit

The 2013 season opened with high expectations. Many in the media felt the team had the ability to go far in the NCAA Tournament. Those predictions grew further in the season opener at Syracuse. The Great Danes had never beaten The Orange, who were ranked #13 in the nation. However, UAlbany would knock them in double-overtime 16–15. It would be the first season opening loss for Syracuse since 1996. Anthony "Antdog" Ostrander played a key role in the win, shutting down JoJo Marasco, arguably Syracuse's best player, in double overtime to solidify the victory.

After going 5–3 in their next eight games, the Great Danes would travel to Johns Hopkins. With the games being shown on national television (ESPNU), the Great Danes once again pulled off an upset. UAlbany, ranked #20 at the time, would defeat the #10 ranked Blue Jays 10–9. Freshman goalie Blaze Riorden had his best game of his short career, recording 20 saves.

The Great Danes would finish 4–1 to finish the season, 11–4 overall. UAlbany would go 5–0 in regular season America East play for the second time in program history. Amazingly, the Great Danes would go 9–2 on the road while only 3–2 at home. On May 4, after a five years without a title, the Great Danes would defeat UMBC 19–10 to win the America East Championship. However, the Great Danes would fall to Denver in the first round of the NCAA Tournament. Head Coach Scott Marr would record his 100th career win at UAlbany during the season.

Thompson Trio Edit

Much of the Great Danes success in 2013 was centered around one family. Miles Thompson, Ty Thompson and Lyle Thompson (also known as the Thompson Trio), were a vital part of the Great Danes offense. Miles and Lyle are brothers, while Ty is their cousin (another brother, Jeremy Thompson played for Syracuse until 2011). All three were star recruits coming to UAlbany. The three were born in the Onondaga Nation, a nine-square-mile independent political entity recognized by the United States. Each of the Thompsons wore a traditional native hair style, with long braids that became their trademark on the field. The three also became known for their skills on the field, which involved trick passes and stick handling, behind the back shots, one handed shots and their quick agility.

In 2013, Ty Thompson would score 51 goals, Miles would score 42 and Lyle 46 goals going into the NCAA Tournament. The fourth leading scorers for the Great Danes, Will Fuller and John Maloney, had only 18 goals. Lyle Thompson would be the key factor for the Great Danes. The sophomore was vital in leading the No. 1 offense in the nation with 108 points through 17 games. Lyle became the eighth men's lacrosse player in NCAA history to record 100 points in a season. He finished seven points behind all-time NCAA record holder Steve Marahol's (UMBC) 114 points (37g, 77a) set in 1992. He would win the America East Player of the Year Award and became the second Great Dane to be named a Tewaaraton Award finalist, and the first Native American to be named a Tewaaraton Award finalist.

In 2014, the Thompsons would continue their unbelievable play. Despite a shaky 9–5 regular season, the Great Danes would be the #1 overall seed in the America East Tournament. Lyle would become only the third player in conference history to win back-to-back Player of the Year Awards. Earning at least four points in all 14 games played, the junior attack has earned a Division I-best 61 assists and 37 goals in the regular season. In the American East Tournament, Lyle became the first Division I player ever to earn two 100-point seasons. On May 3, 2014, the Great Danes would win their second straight America East Championship, defeating UMBC 20–11.

On May 10, 2014 the Great Danes would take on Loyola in the first round of the NCAA Tournament. Loyola was the number one ranked team in the nation going into the game. The Great Danes, with strong defensive play, defeated the Greyhounds 13–6 for the second NCAA Tournament victory in school history. In the game Lyle would become the DI single season record holder in points, beating out Marahol's record he just missed in the previous season. In the game Miles would also pass Marahol's numbers to become second on that list after scoring five goals and two assists. The Great Danes would end up losing 14–13 in overtime to Notre Dame in the Quarterfinals the following week.

As a junior Lyle would compile the top single season point total in DI history, earning 128 points as well as tying the DI single season assists record with 77, adding 51 goals. He became the first player in DI history to have a pair of 100+ point seasons after finishing with 113 last year. In UAlbany's 18 games in 2014 he scored at least four points, including 11 seven+ point contests. He was named Division I Outstanding Player of the Year and the DI Outstanding Attackman by the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (USILA) in 2014.

On May 29, 2014, both Miles and Lyle Thompson were named the co-winners of the 2014 Tewaaraton Trophy. It was the first time ever that two players shared, and a Native American was awarded, the trophy. Two days later, Miles and Ty were officially put on the active roster of the MLL Rochester Rattlers. It was also announced that Miles would return to the program in 2015 as a Graduate Assistant.

The success of the Thompson Trio on the field led to a national press following in late 2014. CNN, CBS and ABC all did nightly news pieces on the three. The NY Times also did a story on them, which was posted on the front page of the newspaper. In all the pieces the three talked about their heritage, the acceptance of their heritage at UAlbany, supporting the Onondaga Nation and promoting the game of lacrosse.

One of the Greats Edit

In 2015, Lyle Thompson cemented himself as one of the greatest collegiate lacrosse players in NCAA history. He was named the recipient of the 2015 Tewaaraton Trophy for the top player in men's lacrosse and was the first ever male lacrosse player to earn the award in two consecutive seasons. In 2015, Thompson led the NCAA in points per game for the third-straight year with 6.37 a contest and assists per game at 3.63 a contest. He finished with an NCAA Division I best 121 points, the second-highest single season tally in DI history, and 69 assists, adding 52 goals. He would lead UAlbany to a third-consecutive America East regular season and tournament title. The Great Danes would take on Cornell in the first round of the NCAA Tournament, winning 19–10. In a rematch of the 2014 quarterfinals, UAlbany would fall to Notre Dame 14–10. Thompson finished his career as the all-time Division I points and assists leader, concluding with 400 points off 175 goals and 225 assists from 2012–15 with UAlbany. In his career he played in 70 games, scoring in 68 of them and earned multiple points in each of his last 44 games, including all contests in 2014 and 2015.

#1 Ranking and the Final Four Edit

2018 started with much anticipated hype, as the Great Danes looked like they would have one of the best offenses in the nation, lead by Senior Connor Fields and incoming freshman Tehoka Nanticoke, one of the most highly ranked high school players in the nation. The Great Danes would open up the season ranked #3 in the nation. UAlbany did not disappoint, crushing Syracuse 15-3 in their first game. One week later, after an 18-5 win over the Drexel, the Great Danes would be ranked as the #1 team in the nation by the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (USILA) coaches poll and the Inside Lacrosse Maverik media poll. It would be the first time that any UAlbany Division I team, and any DI program affiliated with the State of New York (SUNY) system, had been ranked #1 in its history. The Great Danes would win eight consecutive games as the #1 ranked team in the nation, including an amazing 4th quarter comeback against #2 ranked Maryland 11-10 on March 10 of 2018. The streak and #1 ranking would last until April 6, when UAlbany was upset by UMBC 11-7.

Most of the mid-season success for UAlbany came without their key weapons on the field. Connor Fields suffered a knee injury in a March 24 victory over UMAss-Lowell. He would re-injure the knee in the second to last game of the season in a 14-6 loss to Yale. However, new stars would rise to lead the Great Danes to success. Sophomore Faceoff Specialists TD Ierlan became a star, becoming one of the elite face-off men in the country. Sophomore Jakob Patterson and Senior Kyle McClancy stepped up on offense, while goalie JD Colarusso was a force in net.

The Great Danes would run through the America East Tournament as the #1 seed and host to take home the title on May 5 in a 14-4 win over Vermont. UAlbany would be given the #2 overall seed in the 2018 NCAA Lacrosse Tournament and would host the Southern Conference champion Richmond Spiders in the 1st Round of the tournament. Despite a close game early on, UAlbany would win 18-9 to advance to the NCAA Quarterfinals to face the Denver Pioneers at Hofstra.

The May 19th match-up put two elite programs head to head. However, much hype was focused on the battle of the top two faceoff-men in the country, UAlbany’s TD Ierlan and Denver’s Trevor Baptiste. In this game, each player would go 15-of-30. Ierlan had the final faceoff victory and ground ball with 38 seconds left as UAlbany ran out the clock for the win. During the game Ierlan would win his 341st faceoff victories of the season, setting a new NCAA single season record. The former record holder was Brendan Fowler, who had 339 faceoff wins for Duke in 2013. The game was tight to the end, with the Great Danes holding a four-goal lead with under five minutes to play. Despite a furious comeback, UAlbany held on 15-13 to advance to the Final Four for the first time in school history after going 0-4 in their previous trips to the Quarterfinals. It would be the first time a SUNY school earned a trip to a Men’s Division I Final Four. UAlbany also matched its single season wins record with its 16th victory today. UAlbany was 16-3 in 2015. Also, UAlbany’s senior class earned its 59th victory, becoming the winningest class in program history. The class was 59-11 overall in its four years.

Current coaching staff Edit

  • Head coach – Scott Marr (Johns Hopkins, 1991)
  • Associate Head Coach – Merrick Thomson (UAlbany, 2007)
  • Assistant coach – John Maloney (UAlbany, 2016)

All-time head coaches Edit

Years Coach Win Loss Win % Conference
titles
NCAA Tournament
appearances
NCAA titles
1970 Bill Muse 3 7 .300 - - -
1971–1973 Bob Ford 19 11 .633 - - -
1974–1975 Dave Armstrong 10 13 .435 - - -
1976 Steve Axman 6 5 .545 - - -
1977–1983 Mike Motta 36 45 .444 - - -
1984 Gary Campbell 7 6 .538 - - -
1985 Rick Flanders 3 10 .231 - - -
1986 Chuck Priore 5 8 .385 - - -
1987 Tom Fogarty 5 7 .417 - - -
1988–1994 Steve O'Shea 45 37 .549 - - -
1995–2000 Mark Wimmer 42 31 .575 - - -
2001–present Scott Marr 194 131 .597 9 (America East) 10 (NCAA D-I) -

The following is a list of Albany's season results since the institution of NCAA Division I in 1971 (Albany competed as a Division III program from 1970 to 1995 and as a Division II program from 1996 to 1999):

National champion Postseason invitational champion
Conference regular season champion Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
Division regular season champion Division regular season and conference tournament champion
Conference tournament champion


ASU's history at a glance
1903 Established as the Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute
1917 Became a state-supported, two year, agricultural and teacher training college and renamed to The Georgia Normal and Agricultural College
1932 Became a part of the University System of Georgia
1943 Granted four-year status and renamed to Albany State College
1981 First graduate program established
1994 Flooding caused extensive damage and resulted in campus expansion
1996 Name changed to Albany State University
2017 Albany State University and Darton State College became one consolidated university

Establishment and growth Edit

Joseph Winthrop Holley, born in 1874 to former slaves in Winnsboro, South Carolina, founded the institution in 1903 as the Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute. Two educators, Reverend Samuel Lane Loomis and his wife, sent Holley to Brainerd Institute and then Revere Lay College (Massachusetts). When attending Revere Lay, Holley got to know one of the school's trustees, New England businessman Rowland Hazard. After taking a liking to Holley, Hazard arranged for him to continue his education at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. Holley aspired to become a minister and prepared by completing his education at Pennsylvania's Lincoln University.

W. E. B. Du Bois inspired Holley to return to the South after he read Du Bois's writings on the plight of Albany's blacks in The Souls of Black Folk. Holley relocated to Albany to start a school. With the help of a $2,600 gift from the Hazard family, Holley organized a board of trustees and purchased 50 acres (200,000 m 2 ) of land for the campus, all within a year. The aim of the institution at the time was to provide elementary education and teacher training for the local Black population.

The institution was turned over to the state of Georgia in 1917 as Georgia Normal and Agricultural College, a two-year agricultural and teacher-training institution. [6]

In 1932, the school became part of the University System of Georgia and in 1943 it was granted four-year status and renamed Albany State College. The transition to four-year status heavily increased the school's enrollment.

In 1981 the college offered its first graduate program, a prelude to the school being upgraded to university status in 1996.

In July 1994, most of the campus was flooded and suffered extensive damage when Tropical Storm Alberto caused the Flint River to overflow. Afterwards, the campus was extended towards the east with many new buildings erected on the higher ground. [7]

Albany State University era Edit

In July 1996, the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia approved the change from college to university and the name of Albany State College officially became Albany State University.

A new stadium was opened in 2004 and new housing units opened in 2006.

In 2015, the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia announced the merger of ASU and Darton State College. [8] In 2017, the institutions consolidated and assumed the name and branding of Albany State University, with the Darton College campus becoming the site of Albany State University's Darton College of Health Professions.

Enrollment was expected to be around 9,000 students. However, the combined enrollment decreased significantly. Fall 2013 enrollments were 6,195 for Darton State College and 4,260 for Albany State University [9] while Fall 2017 enrollments for the new combined Albany State University were 6,615. [10] This represents a 27% decrease over that period.

Due to the consolidation with Darton, Albany State became the largest HBCU in the state of Georgia and one of the 15 largest in the United States. [11]

Civil Rights Movement Edit

The college played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement in the early 1960s. Many students from the school, Black improvement organizations, and representatives from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) came together to create the Albany Movement. The movement brought prominent civil rights leaders to the town including Martin Luther King Jr. and resulted in the arrests of more than 1,000 black protestors. Among the first to be arrested were students from Albany State. [12]

On November 22, 1961, Blanton Hall and Bertha Gober entered the white waiting room of the Albany bus station to buy tickets home for the Thanksgiving holiday. Refusing to leave after being ordered to do so, police arrested them both. Albany State President William Dennis, fearful of losing his position, immediately suspended and eventually expelled the students. This action engendered a great deal of animosity from the black community and the student body.

Gober would continue in the civil rights movement as one of the SNCC's Freedom Singers and write the group's anthem. Bernice Johnson Reagon, another Albany State student who left school to work with the SNCC, would later form the well-known a cappella group Sweet Honey in the Rock. On December 10, 2011, thirty two of the students who were expelled were granted honorary degrees. The school awarded thirty one honorary baccalaureate degrees and one honorary doctorate – that to Bernice Johnson Reagon. A noted cultural historian, Reagon was also the commencement speaker. [13]

Presidents Edit

Joseph Winthrop Holley served as President of the school from 1903–1943. He was succeeded by Aaron Brown (1943–1954), William Dennis (1954–1965), Thomas Miller Jenkins (1965–1969), Charles Hayes (1969–1980), Billy C. Black (1980–1996), Portia Holmes Shields (1996–2005), Everette J. Freeman (2005 – 2013), Art Dunning (2015-2018), and Marion Ross Fedrick (2018-).

Albany State offers undergraduate and graduate liberal arts and professional degree programs.

According to U.S. News & World Report, in 2019 ASU was ranked 40th (tie) in the magazine's ranking of undergraduate education at HBCUs [14] and was ranked as the 107th-141st school on the Regional Universities (South) list. [14] The student-faculty ratio is 15:1 and 42 percent of the classes contain less than 20 students. [14] The most popular majors are health professions and related, homeland security, law enforcement, firefighting and related, business, management, marketing, psychology, and education. The Velma Fudge Grant Honors Program is a selective program that caters to high-achieving undergraduate students.

Academic colleges and units Edit

  • College of Arts and Sciences [15]
  • College of Professional Studies [15]
  • Darton College of Health Professions [15]
  • Distance Learning [15]

The institution offers 13 certificates, 14 associate, 30 baccalaureate, and 12 graduate degrees. The university also offers the Board of Regents' engineering transfer program and a dual degree program with the Georgia Institute of Technology, one of the top engineering schools in the nation. The Holley Institute summer program, which consists of an intense four weeks of study to help high school students improve low SAT scores and gain admission to college, has a near 100 percent success rate and has received praise from the state Board of Regents.

Albany State University East campus (Main) is located at 504 College Drive, 206 acres east of the Flint River. It has 32 buildings and five sport facilities.

Albany State University West campus (formerly Darton State College) is located at 2400 Gillionville Road, on 186 acres in West Albany. It has 16 buildings and five sport facilities. It is the site of the Darton College of Health Professions.

ASU also has a center in Cordele and provides specific courses at sites in Cairo, Waycross, Thomasville, Swainsboro, and Sandersville.

Albany State University student body consists of both traditional and non-traditional students who number nearly 6,500 on campus. These students come primarily from Atlanta and Southwest and Central Georgia. The average student age is 24, and about 40 percent of the students live in on-campus housing. [16] In fall 2019, 72.9% of the enrolled students were female, with 1,661 males and 4,461 females out of the total of 6,122, while 5.2% were Hispanic/Latino (of any race), .2% American Indian or Alaska Native, .8% Asian, 74.5% Black/African American, and 13.8% White. [4]

Student organizations Edit

There are over 59 clubs and organizations including bands, choirs, religious groups, honor societies, several major Greek and honor sororities and fraternities, and ROTC.

Fraternities and Sororities Edit

All nine of the National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations currently have chapters at Albany State University. These organizations are:

Organization Symbol Chapter Chapter symbol
Alpha Kappa Alpha ΑΚΑ Gamma Sigma ΓΣ
Alpha Phi Alpha ΑΦΑ Delta Delta ΔΔ
Delta Sigma Theta ΔΣΘ Delta Rho ΔΡ
Iota Phi Theta ΙΦΘ Zeta Pi ΖΠ
Kappa Alpha Psi ΚΑΨ Delta Xi ΔΞ
Omega Psi Phi ΩΨΦ Chi Epsilon ΧΕ
Phi Beta Sigma ΦΒΣ Beta Psi ΒΨ
Sigma Gamma Rho ΣΓΡ Zeta Psi ΖΨ
Zeta Phi Beta ΖΦΒ Pi Beta ΠΒ

Service fraternities and sororities

There are currently two national service fraternities and sororities at Albany State University. These organizations are:

Organization Symbol Chapter Chapter symbol
Alpha Phi Omega ΑΦΩ Psi Sigma ΨΣ
Gamma Sigma Sigma ΓΣΣ Epsilon Omicron ΕΟ

Music organizations Edit

Three Greek music organizations have chapters at Albany State University. These organizations are:

Organization Symbol Chapter Chapter symbol
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia ΦΜΑ Rho Delta ΡΔ
Kappa Kappa Psi ΚΚΨ Eta Kappa ΗΚ
Tau Beta Sigma ΤΒΣ Zeta Kappa ZK

Marching Rams Show Band Edit

Albany State's marching band participated in the 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 Honda Battle of the Bands (HBOB). Also, The Marching Rams Show Band participated in the 2016 Tournament of Roses Parade and Tournament of Roses Bandfest.

Albany State's marching band danceline is named the "Golden Passionettes". In 2012, the danceline was invited to appear in the "Give It 2 U" music video and live performance with artists Robin Thicke, Kendrick Lamar, and 2 Chainz. [17]

Albany State University holds membership in NCAA Division II (as a member of the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) and participates in the following sports: football, basketball, baseball, golf, cheerleading, volleyball, cross-country and track and field. [18] Additionally, in 2019 ASU's women soccer team will begin competing in the Peach Belt Conference. Through BSN Sports, Nike is the current sponsor of the Albany State University Athletic Department.

Swimming Edit

Albany State sponsored men's and women's swimming, and diving teams, which in past years were named National Black College Swimming and Diving Champions in 1979 and 1980.

This is a list of notable alumni which includes graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of Albany State University. It also reflects those alumni who attended and/or graduated from the institution under its prior historical names.


Maeve Kane

Maeve Kane is an assistant professor in the Department of History at the University at Albany, State University of New York. She received her PhD in American History from Cornell University and is currently finishing a manuscript titled Shirts Powdered Red: Haudenosaunee Women and Three Centuries of Exchange, 1600-1860 under contract with Cornell University Press. This book argues that Haudenosaunee women of the Six Nations Iroquois used the Atlantic world of goods to shape their communities’ engagement with settler colonialism and reject colonialist constructions of civility and savagery.

Maeve’s research focuses on questions of community and identity formation and uses material culture, archaeology, economic history, and digital history to examine indigenous women’s agency. She teaches courses on Native history, early America, race and consumer culture, public history, and digital humanities methods. She also gives talks for public audiences, senior learning groups, and National Endowment for the Humanities Teachers’ Institutes on women’s history, New York history, and Native history.


Contents

The Early Years: "Doc" Sauers Edit

Richard “Doc” Sauers served as Great Danes men's basketball coach from 1955 to 1997, with a short break in the 1987-88 season. He led the program to eleven NCAA College Division/Division III and four NAIA post-season tournament appearances in his tenure. Sauers finished his career with a 702–330 record in 41 seasons. Sauers achieved the 700-win mark on February 8, 1997, in an 89–71 victory over the University of Bridgeport. He would retire one month later and be inducted into the school's Hall of Fame in 2004. A banner is flown in the rafters of the SEFCU Arena honoring Sauers accomplishment of 702 wins.

The 2005–06 Season: "Why Not Us?" Edit

The process to become a Division I program was slow. From the 1999–2000 season, the first year in Division I, to the end of the 2004–05 season, UAlbany recorded a 48–118 record. The team finished with over 10 victories in only two seasons. However, in the 2005–06 campaign, the Great Danes compiled a 21–11 season. In that season, the Great Danes would take on both the Florida Gators and UCLA Bruins, who would play each other for the national championship. On March 11, 2006, the men's basketball team won the America East conference tournament, earning the school (and the SUNY system) its first ever berth to the NCAA Tournament, defeating the University of Vermont 80–67 in a sold out RACC. The Great Danes were seeded #16 in the Washington, D.C., region and were matched up against top-seeded UConn. Despite the #16 seed being 0–87 before UAlbany took the floor, Head Coach Will Brown believed that his team had a chance to beat UConn in the tournament. With that, the team took the motto, "Why Not Us?".

On March 17, 2006, the Danes nearly became the first #16 seed to defeat a #1 seed in the Division I tournament. The Danes, down only 1 at the half, went on a 13–0 run early in the second half to take a double-digit lead over the Huskies. With the game televised on CBS, the Danes led 50–38 with just over 11 minutes left in the game. However, a 34-9 run by the Huskies' and stifling defense stopped the Danes' offense, the Huskies averted the upset, winning 72–59. The game against UConn gave the program instant notoriety.

The 2006–07 Season: "Lucky 13" Edit

In the 2006–07 season, the Great Danes faced a much stronger America East conference. The Great Danes would accomplish a 20–9 regular season, but be the #2 seed in the conference tournament. This forced the Great Danes to travel to Vermont, who was the #1 seed for the conference championship, and were previously 0–7. On March 10, 2007, the Danes' won their second consecutive America East title beating Vermont 60–59 in the conference final on a last second steal by Carl Ross and Brent Wilson.

The Great Danes would be seeded 13th in the South Division of the 2007 NCAA Tournament. Creating a new motto "Lucky 13" which was worn on T-shirts sold on campus. On March 16, 2007, two busses carrying approximately 80 students would drive a total of 11 hours to see their Danes at the Nationwide Arena in Columbus, Ohio, to see the #13 seed lose to the #4 seed Virginia Cavaliers 84–57 in the first round of the Tournament.

Prior to the conclusion of the season, the program would retire the number 31 of player Jamar Wilson. Wilson finished his career as the school's all-time scorer with 2,164 points, plus ranked second in assists with 488. Wilson also became the first player in school history to score 500 points or more in three different seasons. He would also win two America East Player of the Year Awards, something only three other people in conference history had achieved. No athlete in the program's history has had their number retired prior.

The 2008–09 Season: UAlbany Hosts the Tourney Edit

With only two of their remaining pieces from the "Why Not Us?" team still intact, Brian Connelly and Jimmie Covington, the Danes would look to rebuild with eight newcomers to the team. They would start the season 0–2 after matchups with Big East opponents Villanova and DePaul in "homecoming" games for their seniors. A 5–0 run after the slow start would put the Danes' in prime position to upset their crosstown rival Siena Saints, who had just endured 3 loses over 4 days at the 2008 Old Spice Classic in Orlando, Florida. However the Danes' would fall short by seven points. The Great Danes would win three of their next four games including a game postponed for snow and difficult travel conditions in Fairfield, Connecticut, against Sacred Heart before closing out the calendar year against the defending national champions Kansas Jayhawks. The purple-and-gold squad would fall behind early and not show any signs of life against the Jayhawks, in a 79–43 loss on nationally televised ESPNU.

Entering conference play the Danes had an 8–5 record before falling to 8–6 and 0–1 in the conference with a loss to Hartford Hawks, after heading home the team would rebound with a last second win against conference favorite Boston U. Terriers 62–61 and also giving coach Will Brown his 100th career victory as head coach of the team. Following Brown's 100th win, the team would win for the third consecutive time in Burlington, Vermont, beating the heavily favored Catamounts by a score of 82–77, the team would then return home to beat I-88 rival Binghamton by a score of 72–66. However the team would struggle down the remainder of the conference schedule, winning only 3 of their final 12 conference games.

With the America East Conference Tournament at SEFCU Arena for the first time in Albany's 9-year history as a member of the conference the Great Danes would head into the tournament as the #7 seed with a 6–10 conference record, and face the #2 seeded Catamounts yet again. Prior to the 2009 season the #7 seed had gone 0–23 in games against the #2 overall seed, however Albany would prevail and upset the higher seeded Catamounts 56–52, but would lose to UMBC in the semi-finals. Other tournament games included the #8–9 matchup in which the Hartford Hawks would beat Maine on Friday, March 6 to advance to a matchup against top-seeded Binghamton. The Bearcats would then beat the Hawks, and other semi-final games included UMBC upsetting the 3rd seeded Boston U. Terriers, and the UNH Wildcats would beat Stony Brook in the #4–5 matchup. The other Sunday semi-final matchup had #1 Binghamton beat #4 New Hampshire. Binghamton hosted UMBC on Saturday March 14 on ESPN2 for the 2009 Championship.

The 2012–13 and 2013-14 Seasons: The Year of the Upsets Edit

In 2012–13, the Great Danes would go 21–10 in the regular season. The season was highlighted by games against Top 10 ranked Ohio State and a 63–62 victory against the University of Washington in Seattle on November 13, 2012. Despite 21 wins, UAlbany had lost twice to regular season champions Stony Brook, regular season runner-up Vermont and third place Boston University, giving many fans limited faith in making a run for a conference title. However, the Great Danes would knock off Maine 50–49 and upset Stony Brook 61–59 in the 2013 Conference Tournament, played at SEFCU Arena. On March 16, 2013, the Great Danes traveled to Vermont for a chance to win the AE Championship. Despite a 10–0 run by Vermont to start the game and being out-rebounded 34–20, the Great Danes pulled off the upset 53–49 to win the AE Championship and receive the conference automatic qualifier to the NCAA Tournament. It was the third straight victory for the Danes in the AE Championship game and the third time beating Vermont for the title. UAlbany became the first #4 seed to win the conference tournament.

The Three-peat and "The Shot" Edit

The 2013-14 season had many ups and downs for the Great Danes. The Great Danes played near .500 basketball for the entire season. They would finish 15-14 on the regular season, 9-7 in conference play, ranked #4 going into the conference tournament. With the tournament being hosted on their home court, UAlbany cruised to a first round win over UMBC. In the semifinals, the Great Danes pulled off the upset vs. #1 seed Vermont 67-58. The Great Danes were then forced to travel to Stony Brook for the Championship Game. On March 15, 2014, the Great Danes would defeat Stony Brook 69-60 to win their second straight AE Title and fourth title in nine years. On March 18, Albany won its first ever NCAA tournament victory, 71-64 over Mount St. Mary’s in the First Four Round of the tournament. They would go on to lose to Florida in the 2nd Round

Despite winning back-to-back championships, the Great Danes were selected fourth in preseason polls. The Great Danes opened the season 2-6, but finished the regular season 19-2 (15-1 in America East play). The Great Danes went into the America East Tournament as the #1 seed. UAlbany defeated Maine and squeaked by New Hampshire. They played Stony Brook at SEFCU Arena in a rematch of the previous year's championship. Stony Brook was the only conference team to beat the Danes during the regular season.

On March 14, 2015, in front of a sold out SEFCU Arena, the Great Danes defeated Stony Brook 51-50 to win their third straight conference title. The Great Danes won the game on a three-point shot by Peter Hooley with 1.6 seconds to go. "The Shot" gained national attention because of Hooley. Hooley, a native of Australia, left the team for nearly an entire month to be with his mother, who would sadly pass from colon cancer. Hooley stated after the game, "When you've got angels watching, you can do anything." Because of the game winning shot, Hooley and the Great Danes received national attention, as Hooley appeared on Sports Center and CBS' Road to March Madness Show. On March 20, 2015, The Great Danes fell to Oklahoma 69-60 in the second round of the 2015 NCAA Basketball Tournament.

Current Coaching staff Edit

  • Head Coach – Dwayne Killings
  • Assistant Coach – Dannton Jackson
  • Assistant Coach – Hamlet Tibbs
  • Assistant Coach – Matt Griffin

All-time head coaches Edit

Years Coach Win Loss Win % Conference Titles NCAA Tournament Appearances NCAA Titles
1913–1916 Arch B. Swaim 26 10 .722 - - -
1916–1917 Edward Wachter 3 11 .214 - - -
1917–1919 Arthur Maroney 10 11 .476 - - -
1919–1920 Wilfred Clarke 4 8 .333 - - -
1920–1924 Francis Snavely 7 31 .184 - - -
1924–1935 Rutherford Baker 70 37 .654 - - -
1935–1936 Paul Westhead 7 9 .438 - - -
1936–1943 G. Elliot Hatfield 31 57 .352 - - -
1945–1955 Merlin Hathaway 67 107 .385 - - -
1955–1987
1988–1997
Doc Sauers 702 330 .680 2 (ECAC) 24 (10 Division III / 9 ECAC /
4 NAIA /1 College Division)
-
1987–1988 Barry Cavanaugh 16 10 .615 - - -
1997–2000 Scott Hicks 44 39 .530 - - -
2000–2001 Scott Beeten 7 29 .194 - - -
2001–2021 Will Brown 261 244 .517 5 (America East) 5 (5 NCAA Tournament) -

Retired numbers Edit

Coaching Records and Standings Edit

Year Coach Regular Season Conference Post Season
Won Lost Win % Won Lost Win % Standing
Division III (Independent) (1909–1958)
1909–10 4 4 .500 - -
1910–11 3 3 .500 - -
1911–12 1 4 .200 - -
1912–13 Arch B. Swaim 7 3 .700 - -
1913–14 Arch B. Swaim 10 3 .769 - -
1914–15 Arch B. Swaim 5 1 .833 - -
1915–16 Arch B. Swaim 4 3 .571 - -
1916–17 Edward Wachter 3 11 .214 - -
1917–18 Arthur Maroney 4 8 .333 - -
1918–19 Arthur Maroney 6 3 .667 - -
1919–20 Wilfred Clarke 4 8 .333 - -
1920–21 Francis Snavely 6 6 .500 - -
1921–22 Francis Snavely 0 5 .000 - -
1922–23 Francis Snavely 1 9 .100 - -
1923–24 Francis Snavely 0 11 .000 - -
1924–25 Rutherford Baker 5 5 .500 - -
1925–26 Rutherford Baker 8 5 .615 - -
1926–27 Rutherford Baker 10 1 .909 - -
1927–28 Rutherford Baker 7 2 .778 - -
1928–29 Rutherford Baker 8 2 .800 - -
1929–30 Rutherford Baker 4 6 .400 - -
1930–31 Rutherford Baker 3 7 .300 - -
1931–32 Rutherford Baker 6 2 .750 - -
1932–33 Rutherford Baker 7 3 .700 - -
1933–34 Rutherford Baker 4 3 .571 - -
1934–35 Rutherford Baker 8 1 .889 - -
1935–36 Rutherford Baker 7 9 .438 - -
1936–37 G. Elliot Hatfield 6 10 .375 - -
1937–38 G. Elliot Hatfield 9 5 .643 - -
1938–39 G. Elliot Hatfield 6 6 .500 - -
1939–40 G. Elliot Hatfield 4 7 .364 - -
1940–41 G. Elliot Hatfield 2 10 .167 - -
1941–42 G. Elliot Hatfield 3 8 .273 - -
1942–43 G. Elliot Hatfield 1 11 .083 - -
1943–44
1944–45
1945–46 Merlin Hathaway 4 5 .444 - -
1946–47 Merlin Hathaway 2 14 .125 - -
1947–48 Merlin Hathaway 6 8 .429 - -
1948–49 Merlin Hathaway 7 14 .333 - -
1949–50 Merlin Hathaway 4 15 .211 - -
1950–51 Merlin Hathaway 6 13 .316 - -
1951–52 Merlin Hathaway 12 6 .667 - -
1952–53 Merlin Hathaway 11 9 .550 - -
1953–54 Merlin Hathaway 13 7 .650 - -
1954–55 Merlin Hathaway 2 16 .111 - -
1955–56 Richard Sauers 11 9 .550 - -
1956–57 Richard Sauers 17 5 .723 - -
1957–58 Richard Sauers 17 5 .723 - - NAIA District 31 Tournament
(Loss to Rider 52–42)
Division III (SUNYAC) (1958–1995)
1958–59 Richard Sauers 17 8 .692 - - NAIA District 31 Tournament
(Win over Pratt 68–60)
(Loss to Fairleigh Dickinson 56–53)
1959–60 Richard Sauers 16 10 .615 - - NAIA District 31 Tournament
(Loss to Maryland State 73–55)
(Loss to Pratt 61–55)
1960–61 Richard Sauers 22 6 .786 - - NAIA District 31 Tournament
(Win over Jersey City 64–63)
(Loss to Maryland State 69–53)
1961–62 Richard Sauers 19 6 .760 - -
1962–63 Richard Sauers 14 12 .538 - -
1963–64 Richard Sauers 11 11 .500 - -
1964–65 Richard Sauers 16 6 .727 - -
1965–66 Richard Sauers 13 9 .591 - -
1966–67 Richard Sauers 15 7 .682 - -
1967–68 Richard Sauers 18 4 .818 - -
1968–69 Richard Sauers 18 6 .750 - - NCAA College Division East Regionals
(Loss to Wagner 109–64)
(Win over Le Moyne 71–70)
1969–70 Richard Sauers 13 9 .591 - -
1970–71 Richard Sauers 17 5 .773 - -
1971–72 Richard Sauers 17 6 .739 - -
1972–73 Richard Sauers 17 8 .680 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over St. Lawrence 69–55)
(Loss to Union 69–64)
1973–74 Richard Sauers 17 8 .680 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Loss to Brockport 81–64)
(Win over Geneseo 94–73)
1974–75 Richard Sauers 15 10 .600 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Loss to St. Lawrence 82–63)
(Loss to Rensselaer 72–55)
1975–76 Richard Sauers 12 11 .521 - -
1976–77 Richard Sauers 19 7 .731 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over Ithaca 75–58)
(Loss to Oneonta 47–46)
1977–78 Richard Sauers 15 9 .625 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over Oneonta 59–49)
(Win over Hamilton 101–95 in OT)
1978–79 Richard Sauers 20 7 .741 - - NCAA Diviosion III South Regionals
(Loss to Savannah State 82–81 in OT)
(Win over Lane 83–82 in OT)
1979–80 Richard Sauers 21 6 .778 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over St. Lawrence 75–66)
(Loss to Potsdam 87–72)
1980–81 Richard Sauers 23 5 .821 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over St. Lawrence 45–44)
(Loss to Potsdam 68–63)
1981–82 Richard Sauers 18 10 .643 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over Oswego 70–66)
(Loss to Hamilton 64–54)
1982–83 Richard Sauers 17 10 .630 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Loss to Rochester 90–76)
1983–84 Richard Sauers 14 11 .560 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Loss to Binghamton 46–44)
1984–85 Richard Sauers 22 6 .786 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Loss to Worcester Polyechnic 58–57)
(Win over Westfield State 78–70)
1985–86 Richard Sauers 18 9 .667 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over Utica 98–58)
(Loss to Binghamton 62–61)
1986–87 Barry Cavanaugh 21 7 .750 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over Hartwick 72–60)
(Win over Plattsburgh 73–72)
(Loss to Hamilton 65–62)
1987–88 Richard Sauers 16 10 .615 - -
1988–89 Richard Sauers 20 8 .714 - - ECAC Upstate New York Tournament
(Win over Union 74–60)
(Win over St. John Fisher 85–75)
(Win over Geneseo 83–76)
1989–90 Richard Sauers 20 9 .690 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over Potsdam 85–75)
(Loss to North Adams 69–66)
(Loss to Southeastern Massachusetts 92–91)
1990–91 Richard Sauers 14 12 .538 - -
1991–92 Richard Sauers 21 7 .750 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over New York University 72–66)
(Loss to Rochester 75–49)
1992–93 Richard Sauers 15 10 .600 - -
1993–94 Richard Sauers 25 3 .893 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over St. John Fisher 84–72)
(Win over Richard Stockton 60–54)
(Loss to New York University 67–65)
1994–95 Richard Sauers 18 8 .692 - - NCAA Division III East Regionals
(Win over St. John Fisher 92–84)
(Loss to Geneseo 71–70)
Division III (New England Collegiate Conference) (1995–1997)
1995–96 Richard Sauers 12 15 .444 - - New England Collegiate Conference Tournament
(Loss to Le Moyne 76–73 in OT)
1996–97 Richard Sauers 17 10 .630 - - New England Collegiate Conference Tournament
(Loss to Massachusetts-Lowell 61–50)
Division II (Independent) (1997–1999)
1997–98 Scott Hicks 19 8 .704 - - ECAC Division II Tournament
(Loss to Merrimack 92–82)
1998–99 Scott Hicks 14 14 .500 - - ECAC Division II Tournament
(Loss to Merrimack 76–62)
Division I (Independent) (1999–2001)
1999–2000 Scott Hicks 11 17 .393 - -
2000–01 Scott Beeten 6 22 .214 - -
Division I (America East Conference) (2001–present)
2001–02 Scott Beeten

NCAA Division I tournament results Edit

The Great Danes have appeared in the NCAA Division I Tournament five times. Their combined record is 1–5.

Year Seed Round Opponent Result
2006 #16 First Round #1 Connecticut L 59–72
2007 #13 First Round #4 Virginia L 57–84
2013 #15 Second Round #2 Duke L 61–73
2014 #16 First Four
Second Round
#16 Mount St. Mary's
#1 Florida
W 71–64
L 55–67
2015 #14 Second Round #3 Oklahoma L 60–69

NCAA Division II tournament results Edit

The Great Danes have appeared in the NCAA Division II Tournament one time. Their record is 1–1.

Year Round Opponent Result
1969 Regional Semi-finals
Regional 3rd Place Game
Wagner
Le Moyne
L 109–64
W 71–70

NCAA Division III tournament results Edit

The Great Danes have appeared in the NCAA Division III Tournament ten times. Their combined record is 9–13.

Year Round Opponent Result
1975 Regional Semi-finals
Regional 3rd Place Game
Saint Lawrence
Rensselaer
L 63–82
L 55–72
1977 Regional Semi-finals
Regional Finals
Ithaca
Oneonta State
W 75–58
L 46–47
1979 Regional Semi-finals
Regional 3rd Place Game
Savannah State
Lane
L 81–82 OT
W 85–83 OT
1980 Regional Semi-finals
Regional Finals
Saint Lawrence
Potsdam
W 75–66
L 72–87
1981 Regional Semi-finals
Regional Finals
Saint Lawrence
Potsdam
W 45–44
L 68–63 OT
1985 Regional Semi-finals
Regional 3rd Place Game
Worcester Tech
Westfield State
L 57–58 OT
L 70–78
1990 Regional Quarterfinals
Regional Semi-finals
Regional 3rd Place Game
Potsdam
North Adams State
Southeastern Massachusetts
W 87–75
L 66–69
L 91–92
1992 Regional First Round
Regional Quarterfinals
NYU
Rochester
W 72–66
L 49–75
1994 Regional Quarterfinals
Regional Semi-finals
Regional Finals
Saint John Fisher
Richard Stockton
NYU
W 84–72
W 60–54
L 65–67
1995 Regional First Round
Regional Quarterfinals
Saint John Fisher
Geneseo State
W 92–84
L 70–71

CIT results Edit

The Great Danes have appeared in the CollegeInsider.com Postseason Tournament (CIT) two times. Their combined record is 0–2.

Year Round Opponent Result
2012 First Round Manhattan L 79–89
2017 First Round Saint Peter's L 55–59

CBI results Edit

The Great Danes have appeared in the College Basketball Invitational (CBI) one time. Their record is 0–1.


Contents

Albany is one of the oldest surviving European settlements from the original thirteen colonies [3] and the longest continuously chartered city in the United States. [Note 2] The area was originally inhabited by Algonquian Indian tribes and was given different names by the various peoples. The Mohican called it Pempotowwuthut-Muhhcanneuw, meaning "the fireplace of the Mohican nation", [6] while the Iroquois called it Sche-negh-ta-da, or "through the pine woods," referring to their trail to the city. [7] [Note 3] Albany's first European structure may have been a primitive fort on Castle Island built by French traders ca. 1540. It was destroyed by flooding soon after construction. [9]

Permanent European claims began when Englishman Henry Hudson, exploring for the Dutch East India Company on Halve Maen, reached the area in 1609, claiming it for the United Netherlands. [10] In 1614, Hendrick Christiaensen rebuilt the French fort as Fort Nassau, the first Dutch fur trading post in present-day Albany. [11] Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and among the natives, all of whom vied to control the trade. In 1618, a flood ruined the fort on Castle Island, but it was rebuilt in 1624 as Fort Orange. [12] Both forts were named in honor of the royal Dutch House of Orange-Nassau. [13] Fort Orange and the surrounding area were incorporated as the village of Beverwijck (English: Beaver District ) in 1652. [14] [15]

Over the next several decades, the Mohawk, Mohican and Dutch formed a different relationship "based on a sense of mutual opportunity, of seeing more advantage in cooperation than in conflict." [16] They created a collaborative venture in the fur trade, in which each party gained something, and a measure of stability for the area. As an indicator of that, Beverwijck was never attacked by the Mohican or Mohawk, although it was in an isolated area. Like French traders before them, the Dutch often married or had unions with Mohawk and Mahican women their descendants later intermarried with English settlers as well, leading to the area's cultural history being expressed in complex bloodlines. Many of the mixed-race children born to native women identified as Mohawk or Mahican as these tribes had matrilineal kinship systems, the children were considered born into the mother's clan and derived all status and inheritance from her line. Some also achieved standing in the Dutch communities, becoming important interpreters and negotiators among the differing cultures.

When New Netherland was captured by the English in 1664, they changed the name Beverwijck to Albany, in honor of the Duke of Albany (later James II of England and James VII of Scotland). [17] [Note 4] Duke of Albany was a Scottish title given since 1398, generally to the second son of the King of Scots. [18] The name is ultimately derived from Alba, the Gaelic name for Scotland. [19]

The Dutch briefly regained Albany in August 1673 and renamed the city Willemstadt the English took permanent possession with the Treaty of Westminster (1674). [20] On November 1, 1683, the Province of New York was split into counties, with Albany County being the largest. At that time the county included all of present New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster Counties in addition to present-day Bennington County, Vermont, theoretically stretching west to the Pacific Ocean [21] [22] the city of Albany became the county seat. [23] Albany was formally chartered as a municipality by provincial Governor Thomas Dongan on July 22, 1686. The Dongan Charter was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier. [24] Dongan created Albany as a strip of land 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and 16 miles (26 km) long. [25] Over the years Albany would lose much of the land to the west and annex land to the north and south. At this point, Albany had a population of about 500 people. [26]

In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Stadt Huys, Albany's city hall, for the Albany Congress Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania presented the Albany Plan of Union there, which was the first formal proposal to unite the colonies. [27] Although it was never adopted by Parliament, it was an important precursor to the United States Constitution. [28] [Note 5] The same year, the French and Indian War began it was the North American front of the Seven Years' War in Europe and the fourth in a series of North American wars between the colonial powers dating back to 1689, began. It ended in 1763 with French defeat by the British, resolving a situation that had been a constant threat to Albany and held back its growth. [29] In 1775, with the colonies in the midst of the Revolutionary War, the Stadt Huys became home to the Albany Committee of Correspondence (the political arm of the local revolutionary movement), which took over operation of Albany's government and eventually expanded its power to control all of Albany County. Tories and prisoners of war were often jailed in the Stadt Huys alongside common criminals. [30] In 1776, Albany native Philip Livingston signed the Declaration of Independence at Independence Hall in Philadelphia. [31]

During and after the Revolutionary War, there was a great increase in real estate transactions in Albany County. After Horatio Gates' win over John Burgoyne at Saratoga in 1777, the upper Hudson Valley was generally at peace as the war raged on elsewhere. Upstate New York began to prosper as migrants from Vermont and Connecticut began flowing in, noting the advantages of living on the Hudson and trading at Albany, while being only a few days' sail from New York City. [32] Albany reported a population of 3,498 in the first national census in 1790, an increase of almost 700% since its chartering about a century before. [26]

On November 17, 1793, a large fire broke out, destroying 26 homes on Broadway, Maiden Lane, James Street, and State Street. The fire originated at a stable belonging to Leonard Gansevoort and was suspected to be arson set by disgruntled slaves. The onset of the slave rebellion in Haiti in 1791 created a paranoid atmosphere for slave owners. [33] [34] Three slaves were arrested and charged with arson: a male slave named Pompey, owned by Matthew Visscher a 14-year old slave girl named Dinah, owned by Volkert P. Douw and a 12-year old slave girl named Bet, owned by Philip S. Van Rensselaer. On January 6, 1794, the three were tried and sentenced to death. For reasons unknown, Governor George Clinton issued a temporary stay of execution, but the slave girls were executed by hanging on March 14, and Pompey on April 11, 1794. [35]

In 1797, the state capital of New York was moved permanently to Albany. From statehood to this date, the Legislature had frequently moved the state capital between the city of New York, Kingston, Hurley, Poughkeepsie and Albany. [36] Albany is the second oldest state capital in the United States. [37] (The oldest is Annapolis, Maryland.)

As the state capital, Albany drew many visitors in the 1780s. As historian John Bach McMaster has explained, they did not enjoy their visit:

Travellers of every rank complained bitterly of the inhospitality of the Albanians, and the avarice and close-fistedness of the merchants. [The environment had not] modified one jot the cold, taciturn, stingy Dutchman. They admitted that Albany was a place where a man with a modest competence could, in time, acquire riches where a man with money could, in a short space of time, amass a fortune. But nobody would ever go to Albany who could by any possibility stay away, nor, being there, would tarry one moment longer than necessary." [38]

Albany has been a center of transportation for much of its history. In the late 18th century and early 19th century, Albany saw development of the turnpike and by 1815, Albany was the turnpike center of the state. The development of Simeon De Witt's gridded block system in 1794, which gave Albany its original bird and mammal street names, [Note 6] was intersected by these important arterials coming out of Albany, cutting through the city at unexpected angles. [41] [42] The advent of the turnpike, in conjunction with canal and railroad systems, made Albany the hub of transportation for pioneers going to Buffalo and the Michigan Territory in the early and mid-19th century. [41] [43]

In 1807, Robert Fulton initiated a steamboat line from New York City to Albany, the first successful enterprise of its kind. [44] By 1810, with 10,763 people, Albany was the 10th largest urban place in the nation. [45] The town and village known as "the Colonie" [Note 7] to the north of Albany was annexed in 1815. [46] In 1825 the Erie Canal was completed between Albany and Lake Erie. By connecting the Hudson River to the Great Lakes, it formed a continuous water route from the Midwest to New York City, enabling the shipment of lumber and other resource commodities through the Great Lakes and to New York, strengthening trade and business at both ends, as well as along the canal. Unlike the current Barge Canal, which ends at nearby Waterford, the original Erie Canal ended at Albany Lock 1 was located north of Colonie Street. [48] The Canal emptied into a 32-acre (13 ha) man-made lagoon called the Albany Basin, which was Albany's main port from 1825 until the Port of Albany-Rensselaer opened in 1932. [49] [50]

In 1829, while working as a professor at the Albany Academy, Joseph Henry, widely regarded as "the foremost American scientist of the 19th century", [51] built the first electric motor. Three years later, he discovered electromagnetic self-induction (the SI unit for which is now the henry). He was appointed as the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, which supported a variety of scientific, ethnographic and historic research. [52] In the 1830 and 1840 censuses, Albany moved up to 9th largest urban place in the nation, [53] [54] then back to 10th in 1850. [55] This was the last time the city ranked as one of the top ten largest urban places in the nation. [56]

Albany also has significant history with rail transport, [57] as the location of two major regional railroad headquarters. The Delaware and Hudson Railway was headquartered in Albany at what is now used as the SUNY System Administration Building. [58] In 1853, Erastus Corning, a noted industrialist and Albany's mayor from 1834 to 1837, consolidated ten railroads stretching from Albany to Buffalo into the New York Central Railroad (NYCRR). It was headquartered in Albany until Cornelius Vanderbilt moved it to New York City in 1867. [59] [60] One of the ten companies that formed the NYCRR was the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, which was the first railroad in the state and the first successful steam railroad running regularly scheduled service in the country. [61] [62]

While the key to Albany's economic prosperity in the 19th century was transportation, industry and business also played a role. Dutch and German immigrants had established a thriving beer industry, and much was exported to other markets. Beverwyck Brewery, originally known as Quinn and Nolan (Nolan being mayor of Albany 1878–1883), [64] operated from that period to 1972, when it was the last remaining brewer from that time. The city's location at the east end of the Erie Canal gave it unparalleled access to both raw products and a captive customer base in the west. [65] Albany was known for its publishing houses, and to some extent, still is. Albany was second only to Boston in the number of books produced for most of the 19th century. [66] Jobs in the iron foundries in both the north and south ends of the city attracted thousands of immigrants to the city. Intricate wrought-iron details still enhance many historic buildings in Albany. The iron industry waned by the 1890s, falling victim to the costs associated with a newly unionized workforce and competition from the opening of mines in the Mesabi Range in Minnesota. [67]

Albany's other major exports during the 18th and 19th centuries were furs, wheat, meat and lumber [68] by 1865, there were almost 4,000 saw mills in the Albany area [68] and the Albany Lumber District was the largest lumber market in the nation. [63] Later in the century, much lumber was harvested and processed in the Midwest, particularly Detroit and Chicago.

The city was also home to a number of banks. The Bank of Albany (1792–1861) was the second chartered bank in the state of New York. [69] The city was the original home of the Albank (founded in 1820 as the Albany Savings Bank), [70] KeyBank (founded in 1825 as the Commercial Bank of Albany), [71] and Norstar Bank (founded as the State Bank of Albany in 1803). [72] American Express was founded in Albany in 1850 as an express mail business. [73] In 1871, the northwestern portion of Albany—west from Magazine Street—was annexed to the neighboring town of Guilderland [74] after the town of Watervliet refused annexation of said territory. [75] [76] In return for this loss, portions of Bethlehem and Watervliet were added to Albany. Part of the land annexed to Guilderland was ceded back to Albany in 1910, setting up the current western border. [77]

In 1908 Albany opened one of the first commercial airports in the world, and the first municipal airport in the United States. Originally located on a polo field on Loudon Road, it moved to Westerlo Island in 1909 and operated there until 1928. The Albany Municipal Airport—jointly owned by the city and county—was moved to its current location in Colonie in 1928. In 1960, the mayor sold the city's stake in the airport to the county, citing budget issues. It was known from then on as Albany County Airport until a massive upgrade and modernization project between 1996 and 1998, when it was rechristened Albany International Airport. [78] By 1916 Albany's northern and southern borders reached their modern courses [77] Westerlo Island, to the south, became the second-to-last annexation, which occurred in 1926. [79]

African American migrants started arriving during World War I during the Great Migration. Another wave arrived during and after World War II. They found crowded living conditions and limited employment opportunities, but also higher wages and better schools and social services. Local organizations such as the Albany Inter-Racial Council and churches, helped them, but de facto segregation and discrimination remained well into the late 20th century. [80] [81]

Erastus Corning 2nd, arguably Albany's most notable mayor (and great-grandson of the former mayor of the same name), was elected in 1941. [82] Although he was the longest-serving mayor of any city in United States history (1942 until his death in 1983), one historian describes Corning's tenure as "long on years, short on accomplishments." [83] Grondahl said that Corning preferred to maintain the status quo, which held back potential progress during his tenure. [84] While Corning brought stability to the office of mayor, even his admirers cannot come up with a sizable list of "major concrete Corning achievements." [85] Because there was limited new development in this period, much of Albany's historic architecture survived and has been newly appreciated since the late 20th century. [Note 8]

During the 1950s and 1960s, a time when federal aid for urban renewal was plentiful, [84] Albany did not see much progress in either commerce or infrastructure. It lost more than 20 percent of its population during the Corning years, and most of the downtown businesses moved to the suburbs, following residents who had gone to newer housing. [86] While many cities across the country struggled with similar issues, the problems were magnified in Albany: interference from the Democratic political machine hindered progress considerably. [84] Governor Nelson Rockefeller (1959–1973) (R) wanted to improve the capital and state university and envisioned a monumental city he was the driving force behind the construction of the Empire State Plaza, SUNY Albany's uptown campus, and much of the W. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus. [87] Albany County Republican Chairman Joseph C. Frangella once quipped, "Governor Rockefeller was the best mayor Albany ever had." [88] Though opposed to the project, Mayor Corning negotiated the payment plan for the Empire State Plaza. Rockefeller did not want to be limited by the Legislature's power of the purse, so Corning devised a plan to have the county pay for the construction and have the state sign a lease-ownership agreement. The state would pay off the bonds until 2004. It was Rockefeller's only viable option, and he agreed. Due to the clout Corning gained from the situation, he gained agreement for construction of the State Museum, a convention center, and a restaurant, as part of these plans these were projects which Rockefeller had originally vetoed. The county gained $35 million in fees and the city received $13 million for lost tax revenue. [89]

Another major project of the 1960s and 1970s was Interstate 787 and the South Mall Arterial, part of massive highway building across the country in this period. [Note 9] Construction began in the early 1960s. As happened in other places, the highway project had the adverse effect of cutting off the city from the Hudson River, which was the basis of its settlement. Corning has been called shortsighted for his failure to use the waterfront as an attraction for the city. He could have used his influence to change the location of I-787, which cuts the city off from "its whole raison d'être". [90]

Much of the original highway plan was never constructed, however: Rockefeller had wanted the South Mall Arterial to pass through the Empire State Plaza. The project would have required an underground trumpet interchange below Washington Park, connecting to the (eventually cancelled) Mid-Crosstown Arterial. [91] To this day, evidence of the original plan is still visible. [Note 10] In 1967 the hamlet of Karlsfeld became the last annexation to be added to the city limits, having come from Bethlehem. [77]

After Corning died in 1983, Thomas Whalen assumed the mayorship and was reelected twice. He gained federal dollars earmarked for restoring historic structures. What Corning had saved from destruction, Whalen refurbished. [92] In addition, the Mayor's Office of Special Events was created in an effort to increase the number of festivals and artistic events in the city, including a year-long Dongan Charter tricentennial celebration in 1986. [93] Whalen is credited for an "unparalleled cycle of commercial investment and development" in Albany due to his "aggressive business development programs". [94]

Prior to the recession of the 1990s, Albany was home to two Fortune 500 companies: KeyBank and Fleet Bank both have since moved or merged with other banks. [95] After the death of Corning and the retirement of Congressman Sam Stratton, the political climate changed in Albany. There was more pressure on officeholders and voters regularly changed allegiances in the 1980s. Local media began following the drama surrounding county politics (specifically that of the newly created county executive position) the loss of Corning (and eventually the political machine) led to a lack of interest in city politics. [96] Gerald Jennings surprised many by his victory in the mayoral election in 1994, and his tenure since then. His tenure has essentially ended the Democratic Party political machine that had been in place since the 1920s. [97]

During the 1990s, the State Legislature approved the $234 million "Albany Plan", "a building and renovation project [that] was the most ambitious building project to effect the area since the Rockefeller era." Under the Albany Plan a number of renovation and new building projects were undertaken in the downtown area many state workers were moved from the Harriman State Office Campus to downtown to add to its density of workers and support city life. [98] Late in the first decade of the 21st century support grew for construction of a long-discussed and controversial Albany Convention Center as of August 2010, the Albany Convention Center Authority had already purchased 75% of the land needed to build the downtown project. [99]


Albany State University: History and Fast Facts

Our inagrual school of the week is Albany State University. Albany State is a public 4 year Historically Black College University located in Albany, Georgia.

Albany State was founded by South Carolina native Joseph Winthrop Holley. Dr. Winthrop, the son of former slaves, was inspired to create the institution that we now know as Albany State after reading some of the the writings of the great W.E.B. DuBois. The institution in its infancy aimed to improve conditions for the South’s African American population by offering industrial and religious education.

Albany State underwent several name changes. The institution was first established as the Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute. After gaining affliation with the University System of Georgia in 1932, the institution was named Albany State College in 1943. Then in 1996 was renamed as “Albany State University”.

The university has produced a plethora of notable alumni such as Jo Ann Payton (actress/singer), Shirley Sherrod (public officials), Rick Ross (rapper), Shaun Harper (racial equality expert), Alice Davis (first African American to win an Olympic gold medal), Kenneth Gant (athlete), Bernice Reagon (composer), Walter Curry (football player), and Alvin Ray Jackson (football player).

In 2017, Darton State College consolidated with Albany State University, making the southwest Georgia institution the largest HBCU in the state of Georgia and one of the largest Historically Black Institutions in America with a student population of 6,000+ students.

As a whole, the university also offers curriculum options such as the College of Arts and Sciences, College of Professional Studies , Distance Learning, Graduate school degree programs, Business Administration, Education, Educational Specialist programs, Counselor Education, Criminal Justice, Nursing, Public Administration, and Social Work.


Explore

The Albany Institute is open to the public.

At this time, all staff and visitors over the age of 2 must wear a mask or face covering while at the museum. Timed tickets are still encouraged and may be reserved online. Learn more about our current policies and a list of FAQs on our Visit page.

Museum at Home

Stay curious and connect with us online! Use our Museum at Home materials to explore the museum remotely and be sure to check out our YouTube channel. We hope these activities will help you be creative, get inspired, and learn something new.

Outdoor Exhibition

Enjoy seasonally-themed images from our collection in our special pop-up outdoor exhibition.

A very big THANK YOU to everyone who participated in and helped host the 2021 City School District of Albany Elementary Art Show Art Walk from June 4-18!

Exhibitions

Our newest exhibition A Sense of Time: The Historical Art of L. F. Tantillo is now open (and we have a virtual tour available too)! See more about our current exhibitions here.

Community Event

Sign up today for the Capital Region's 21-Day Equity Challenge, which is scheduled to start Juneteenth (June 19th). This program is spearheaded by the United Way of the Greater Capital Region and their Equity Partners, including the Albany Institute of History & Art. Learn more and register here.