History Podcasts

First Look: Exclusive Documents from a Zodiac Killer Reporter

First Look: Exclusive Documents from a Zodiac Killer Reporter































In the world of Zodiac Killer experts, Dave Peterson was the real deal. As a police reporter for the Vallejo Times-Herald in California when the Zodiac began to terrorize the Bay Area with his murders, letters and ciphers in the late 1960s, Peterson covered the case from the start, earning many cover stories and scoops.

He remained deeply intrigued by its mysteries for many decades after, continuing to research leads, analyze evidence and correspond with other experts and aficionados. During his search for the true identity of this elusive serial killer, Peterson amassed a personal archive of hundreds of clippings, letters and hand-written notes, which are chock-full of musings about possible suspects and the meaning of the killer’s tantalizing ciphers. Now made available to the public for the first time by his estate—exclusively on Our Site—the documents offer a fascinating trove of material in one of history’s most notorious serial killer cases—which remains unsolved to this day.

Use the slide show above to scan our selection of the most interesting documents from Peterson’s Zodiac files. For a closer look at the documents, click the links below:

Arthur Lee Allen — Zodiac Killer Suspect


1 of 30 – Arrest memo for Arthur Lee Allen, a Zodiac killer suspect. Filled with personal identifying information, this document was originally meant to be used only within the criminal justice system.

2 of 30 – Front page of a handwritten note exploring the connections between the possible Zodiac killer, Arthur Lee Allen and the alignment of planets and astrological signs.

3 of 30 – Back page of a handwritten note exploring the connections between the possible Zodiac killer, Arthur Lee Allen and the alignment of planets and astrological signs.

4 of 30 – Police note on “Favorite Zodiac Suspect of San Francisco PD,” Arthur Lee Allen, including a handwritten note indicating that the initials “AA” appeared in a Zodiac cipher.

5 of 30 – Police note on “Favorite Zodiac Suspect of San Francisco PD,” Arthur Lee Allen. Added notes include that Allen was sent to a state hospital for molesting kids, is ambidextrous and keeps bodies of small animals in fridges.

Zodiac Killer’s Ciphers & Astrological Connections

6 of 30 – Probable Source of the Zodiac Killer’s Cipher. This note discusses the connection between the book “A History of Secret Societies” by Arkon Daraul and the Zodiac’s ciphers. The Zodiac used three pairs of matching letters and symbols from the marked list.

7 of 30 – Detailed summary of the Zodiac killer’s letters, including where they were sent from, misspellings, length of words and how he managed to avoid leaving fingerprints.

8 of 30 – Zodiac’s 187 Astrology discusses the Zodiac killer’s murders and their possible astrology connections.

9 of 30 – Letter to Dave Peterson from Henry Ephron dated April 30, 1975 discussing the complexities of the Zodiac’s ciphers. Did he mean to just confuse the public? Was he suggesting suicide?

10 of 30 – Letter to Dave Peterson about the Zodiac killer’s ciphers, page 1. Discusses how the Zodiac purposefully arranged his ciphers to be as frustrating to the solver as possible. Also details words they believed they were able to decipher.

11 of 30 – Letter to Dave Peterson about the Zodiac killer, page 2. Discusses how the Zodiac purposely arranged his ciphers to be as frustrating to the solver as possible. Also details words they believed they were able to decipher.

12 of 30 – Letter from Dave Peterson about the Zodiac killer and his “moon cultist soul brother,” from June 22, 1977.

13 of 30 – Letter to Captain Martin Lee about the Zodiac’s cryptograms and how they believe it is doubtful the Zodiac included his own name amongst his messages.

Riverside City College and the Murder of Cheri Jo Bates

14 of 30 – Letter from Dave Peterson regarding the murder of Cheri Jo Bates. Discusses the details of the murder scene, attempting to discover clues that could help unlock the killer’s identity.

15 of 30 – Notes on the requiem mass for Cheri Jo Bates, killed in Riverside, California. The service was attended by 350 people.

16 of 30 – Dave Peterson’s appeal to Riverside City College to track down Ross Sullivan, a possible Zodiac killer suspect. Dated December 4, 1978.

17 of 30 – Article from November 14, 1966, about the murder of Cheri Jo Bates in Riverside, California.

Other Newspaper Articles Regarding the Zodiac Killer

18 of 30 – Article in California Magazine about amateur sleuth George Oakes, who dedicated significant time to investigating the Zodiac killer. Pages 1 & 2.

19 of 30 – Article in California Magazine about amateur sleuth George Oakes, who dedicated significant time to investigating the Zodiac killer. Pages 3 & 4.

20 of 30 – Article in California Magazine about amateur sleuth George Oakes, who dedicated significant time to investigating the Zodiac killer. Pages 5 & 6.

21 of 30 – Article in California Magazine about amateur sleuth George Oakes, who dedicated significant time to investigating the Zodiac killer. Pages 7 & 8.

22 of 30 – Article in California Magazine about amateur sleuth George Oakes, who dedicated significant time to investigating the Zodiac killer. Pages 9 & 10.

23 of 30 – Dave Peterson’s article on the Zodiac killer in the Sunday Vallejo Times-Herald, November 22, 1970. Page 1 of “Did Zodiac Slip from S.F. Police?”

24 of 30 – Dave Peterson’s article on the Zodiac killer in the Sunday Vallejo Times-Herald, November 22, 1970. Page 2 of “Did Zodiac Slip from S.F. Police?”

25 of 30 – Article from November 16, 1972, about the Santa Barbara sheriff department’s belief that the Zodiac committed the 1963 slayings of a couple at Lompac. Page 1.

26 of 30 – Article from November 16, 1972, about the Santa Barbara sheriff department’s belief that the Zodiac committed the 1963 slayings of a couple at Lompac. Page 2.

27 of 30 – Dave Peterson’s article in the Vallejo Times-Herald, “Killer’s Sole Survivor Speaks,” from August 19, 1969.

28 of 30 – Dave Peterson’s article from November 23, 1976, in the Vallejo Times-Herald. “S.F. Links to Zodiac Under Study,” elaborates on the Zodiac being a possible suspect for San Francisco slayings of LGBT individuals.

Additional Notes on Zodiac-Related Incidents

29 of 30 – Vallejo Police Department notes on James E. Keene, who claimed to know exactly who the Zodiac killer was.

30 of 30 – Report on Santa Barbara double homicide at Gaviota Beach on Tuesday, June 4, 1963.


Why the Zodiac Killer Has Never Been Identified

In 1968 and &apos69, the Zodiac Killer attacked seven people in four different Northern California locations. His first three targets were couples in secluded areas two of these people survived. His last known victim was a taxi driver killed on October 11, 1969, in San Francisco. During and after his killing spree, Zodiac received attention and spread fear as he shared ciphers, letters, information and threats with authorities and the public. No murder has been officially linked to the Zodiac Killer since October 1969, but the unsolved case continues to fascinate.


The Hunt for the Zodiac Killer – Episode #1 – Riverside Evidence

Episode #1 of the new History channel documentary series The Hunt for the Zodiac Killer featured a unique look into the mystery surrounding the still-unsolved murder of Riverside City College student Cheri Jo Bates in October 1966.

Retired Riverside police detective Steve Shumway accompanied a film crew to the scene of the crime, now part of the concrete structure on the campus of Riverside City College.

The production was granted unprecedented access to the boxes of evidence stored at the Riverside Police Department during a tour with Detective Jim Simons.

Viewers got a rare look at a previously-unreleased photo of the boot print left at the crime scene and a plaster cast of the print.

Shown together for the first time: the three handwritten letters sent to the Riverside police department, the Riverside Press-Enterprise, and Cheri Jo’s father Joseph Bates.

A close up on the small symbol included as a signature.

Preparing for forensic testing on the pants of victim Cheri Jo Bates.

The production was also granted access to the files of Vallejo Times-Herald reporter David Peterson courtesy of Peterson’s nephew.

Peterson’s files also included his notes about Ross Sullivan, a possible suspect in the Bates murder who worked at the RCC library and had an interest in cryptography.

Episode #2 of The Hunt for the Zodiac Killer airs on the History channel Tues. November 21.


Month: November 2020

A lookalike decoy, or double, is an old trick used by criminals, spies, celebrities, and politicians. A double takes the public spotlight off a particular person, so that he or she can go places or do things undetected. The resemblance can be enhanced by plastic surgery, hair dyes, wigs, make-up, and/or by training the double to speak and act like the person they are impersonating.

Stuntman Vic Armstrong doubled for Harrison Ford in the first three Indiana Jones films. He looked so much like Ford that the film crew kept mistaking him for the real actor.

British soldier M.E. Clifton James was a lookalike impersonator for General Bernard “Monty” Montgomery during World War II in order to confuse the Germans.

General Montgomery on the left, Clifton James on the right

James was later the subject of a movie called “I was Monty’s Double” in which James played the roles of both Monty and himself.

A bit actor named Brucks Randall looked so much like Howard Hughes that a Hughes employee, Gerald Chouinard, hired him to fool the public, the government, the press, and business associates as to the whereabouts of the reclusive billionaire.

Gustav Weler was a doppelganger for Adolph Hitler. Reports of what happened to him are conflicting. One version says that he died of a gunshot wound to the head during the Battle of Berlin in April 1945. Another version says that he survived the battle and was interviewed by Allied intelligence officers.

James Earl Ray had several doubles in Toronto, Canada, where he hid for a month after the assassination of Martin Luther King. According to the official version, he picked at random for his aliases the names of Eric Galt, Paul Bridgman, James Willard, and Ramon Sneyd. What continues to confound lone assassin proponents is the fact that all four names belonged to real men living within a short distance of Ray’s apartment in Toronto. All four were approximately the same height, weight, and age as Ray and had dark hair. The facial resemblance of Eric Galt to Ray was particularly striking. Strengthening the resemblance even more was a nose job Ray received from a plastic surgeon in Los Angeles, one month before the assassination. Identically placed small scars on foreheads and right palms appeared on both men. According to author, William Pepper, Galt was an operative for U.S. Army Intelligence, working for Union Carbide on a top secret munitions project in Toronto. [1]

A double for Lee Harvey Oswald, often called the Second Oswald, appears frequently in books, articles, and websites dealing with the assassination of President Kennedy.

The chief suspect in the Jack the Ripper slayings, according to Scotland Yard, was a Polish barber-surgeon named Severin Klosowski, using the alias George Chapman. Klosowski had a double, a Russian named Alexander Pedachenko, who was also a barber-surgeon. The two men were remarkably similar in appearance and often used to assume each other’s identity.

While finding doubles for celebrities and other well-known public figures is a relatively easy task (“Hey, you look like Paul McCartney”), the process of locating and matching up doubles for spies, assassins, and terrorists, who dwell in the shadows of obscurity, requires the resources of powerful, well-organized, and well-funded intelligence agencies. Given the Zodiac Killer’s ties to such superspies and hitmen as Reeve Whitson and Claude Capehart, it is not unreasonable to suppose a secret unit within the national security establishment used the Zodiac Killer for hidden agenda purposes and deployed lookalikes to protect him from capture.

The possibility that the Zodiac Killer had a double emerged at the tail end of the last episode of a television series on the History Channel called The Hunt for the Zodiac Killer.

The series featured Sal LaBarbera, a retired LAPD homicide detective, and Ken Mains, a cold case expert who worked with an FBI task force. During the course of five episodes, Sal and Ken pored over old police files and news clippings, interviewed witnesses and police officers, and spoke to experts in DNA and handwriting analysis. They were aided by a team of cryptology experts using a supercomputer in an attempt to crack the Zodiac’s coded messages. By the end of the last episode, the code breakers seemed to have discovered a second cipher within the famous Z340 cipher (Zodiac cipher with 340 characters).

At the end of the last episode, Sal and Ken expressed frustration over their lack of progress in pinning down the identity of the Zodiac Killer. They had narrowed their search to two suspects, Ross Sullivan and Lawrence Kane, but the evidence against either one was insufficient to make a final judgment. It was at this point that they began to consider an alternative solution.

Sal: What we really need to do now is keep going. Explore the cipher within the cipher. Compare the Zodiac glove DNA to this new Riverside DNA. And of course, we keep pushing hard on our two primary suspects: Ross Sullivan and Lawrence Kane. I honestly couldn’t begin to rule either one of them out, which really begs the question: Is the reason this case has remained unsolved, is it because there is more than one Zodiac Killer?

Ken: The journey continues.

Sal: You got that right, partner.

Three years have passed since this episode was aired on December 12, 2017, and no word of further episodes has emerged from the History Channel.

Sal and Ken slightly lifted the lid of Pandora’s box and not one, but two, Zodiacs sprung out. Let us lift the lid a little more to see who else is in there.

Two letters written by Marie Vigil identify the Zodiac Killer as Robert Linkletter, the son of Hollywood entertainer Art Linkletter. She said:

Robert is 27. Sometimes he lets his beard grow. He wears a wig, and sometimes he looks almost bald. Within the past two years, I have seen him in all colors and wig lengths. I know him as Robert Linkletter and also as the Zodiac.

Robert Linkletter

Marie Vigil goes on to say that Linkletter looked exactly like John Frazier, the accused murderer of the Ohta family at their home in Santa Cruz on October 19, 1970.

You asked if I was certain it was John Frazier who was with Robert Linkletter. They were here in Woodland Hills less than a month prior to those killings. He looked exactly like Frazier, when they were arrested, except for one thing. He also wears glasses.

In a picture released by the sheriff’s department shortly before his arrest, Frazier is wearing glasses.

John Frazier

With evidence of four Zodiacs on the table, could there be more? Upon lifting the lid to fully open, we see leaping out a surprising number of unsavory characters: Arthur Allen Leigh, Jack Tarrance, Richard Gaikoewski, George Hodel, Louis Joseph Myers, Robert Ivan Nichols, Earl Van Best, Jr., and Bruce Davis.

An examination of the evidence against every potential Zodiac is beyond the scope of this article. Sufficient to the task of demonstrating the existence of doubles is to combine Sal and Ken’s investigation of their two primary suspects with what is known about Linkletter through the letters of Marie Vigil.

The face of Ross Sullivan had an uncanny resemblance to the composite sketch of the Zodiac Killer on the wanted poster made after the murder of Paul Stine, the cabdriver. The same crew cut, widow’s peak, and glasses appear in a picture of Sullivan.

Ross Sullivan and Zodiac Killer Poster

Sullivan was a library assistant at the Riverside City College, when on October 31, 1966 at 6:30 am the groundskeeper found the slashed and hacked body of a coed named Cheri Jo Bates just outside the library.

Four years later, Paul Avery, a newspaper reporter for the San Francisco Chronicle, got a tip from an anonymous source that the murder of Bates bore similarities to the modus operandi of the Zodiac Killer.

Avery went to Riverside to check out this lead and turned up a lot of information. He wrote an article for the Chronicle indicating that there was indeed a connection. Four months later, the Zodiac Killer sent a letter to the Los Angeles Times, in which he acknowledged, “I do have to give them [the police, not Avery] credit for stumbling across my riverside activity.”

Another newspaper reporter, Dave Peterson, of the Vallejo Times-Herald, went to Riverside City College and spoke to people who worked in the library. They told him that after Bates was killed, they immediately suspected fellow employee Ross Sullivan. They said he was a quiet, unsocial man, strange and creepy. He wrote a poem so morbid that it made the library staff uncomfortable. Although he was never in the military, he wore every day a long army jacket and military boots. He was “a huge guy,” about 6 foot 2 inches tall and weighing 250 to 300 pounds. He did not show up for work the day after the murder, and when he returned a few days later, he was wearing an entirely new set of clothes.

It is notable that near the body of Cheri Jo Bates was a footprint made by a military boot.

At the time Bates was killed, Sullivan was 25 years old. He was born in Syracuse, New York and for a time lived in Binghamton. When he was a teenager, he moved to Glendale, California. As a high school student, he played the lead role in a film project called “Deja Vive,” which was a psychological study of a student named Harvey. An article in the Los Angeles Times May 3, 1959 said that the student filmmakers staged a murder scene on Los Angeles Skid Row that was so realistic that someone called the police. The students did some fast talking to convince the police that they were just filming a scene for a movie.

After graduating from Glendale High School in 1961, Sullivan started attending Riverside City College as an English student. He took a class on cryptology, and he wrote an essay on how a person can disguise his handwriting.

Less than a year after Bates was killed, probably during the summer of 1967, Sullivan transferred to a college in Northern California. A 1968 Santa Cruz city directory listed him as a food server at the University of California. His address was R512, 20th Street, Apartment 2. A newspaper item titled “Bizarre Behavior Leads to Arrest” dated March 5, 1968 reported that he had been arrested in Santa Cruz for indecent exposure and disorderly conduct.

Ross Sullivan was hospitalized several times for bipolar disorder and paranoid schizophrenia. When he was still in Riverside, just before his mother died, he was committed to Patton State Mental Hospital. He was in various institutions throughout his adult life. Due to his mental illness, he was placed under a conservatorship in 1973.

Dave Peterson presented the information he had gathered on Sullivan to Dave Toschi, the San Francisco police officer assigned to the Zodiac case, and suggested that he check him out. How seriously Toschi took this information is unknown.

Sometime afterwards, Sullivan died at the age of 36, on September 29, 1977. He was employed as a dishwasher at a restaurant. His last address was 2177 17th Avenue, Santa Cruz.

Although Sullivan bore a striking resemblance to the composite sketch of the Zodiac, his huge size – 6 foot 2 inches, 250 to 300 pounds – presents a difficulty when trying to connect him to Zodiac crime scenes in Northern California.

A short, stocky man, 5 foot 8 or 9 inches tall, 195 to 200 pounds, much smaller than Sullivan, killed Darlene Ferrin and wounded Mike Mageau with a handgun at Blue Rock Springs Park in Vallejo on July 4, 1969. Bryan Hartnell, the survivor of the attack at Lake Berryessa on September 27, said the man who stabbed him and his girlfriend was about 5 foot 8 inches tall and 195 to 200 pounds. Three teenagers who witnessed the shooting of Paul Stine on October 11 said the killer was 5 foot 8 inches tall and heavy build. Kathleen Johns, who barely escaped the Zodiac Killer on March 22, 1970, said he was 5 foot 9 inches and 160 pounds.

Sullivan’s huge size eliminates him as a suspect in the post-Riverside slayings. The other suspect whom Sal and Ken considered primary had a height and weight profile that is a better match. Lawrence Kane was 5 foot 9 inches tall and 170 pounds. Much of the information on Kane given below comes from a two-part article written for The San Francisco Examiner by Ryder MacDowell. Another valuable source is a great website called lawrencekane.wordpress.com. [2]

Lawrence Kane

Kane was the subject of an investigation conducted by Harvey Hines, a police officer in Sonora, California. He first heard the name Larry Kane in 1974, while investigating the Zodiac Killer’s role in the disappearance of a 25-year-old nurse named Donna Lass in Stateline, Nevada on Lake Tahoe.

Lass had the night shift at the first aid station at the Sahara Hotel and Casino. Around 1:45 am on September 6, 1970, fifteen minutes before her shift ended, she changed from her uniform into her street clothes and started writing an entry in the logbook regarding her last patient. She wrote “c/o” (meaning “complains of”) which was supposed to be followed by the complaint of the patient. Instead, there was a scrawled line leading from the logbook entry down to the bottom of the page. She never returned to finish her entry.

Twelve days later, on September 18, Donna’s mother, Mrs. Francis Lass, who was living in Beresford, South Dakota, received a phone call from an unknown person who told her “there was an emergency in Nevada.” The vague message apparently referred to her daughter. [3] The following day, Mr. Pilker and his wife, Mary, Donna’s sister, flew from Sioux Falls, South Dakota to San Francisco, where at the airport they met Jo Anne Goettsche, a friend of Donna’s. They got into Jo Anne’s car and drove to Lake Tahoe.

Jo Anne came to know Donna while the two worked as nurses in the surgical ward at the Letterman General Hospital in the Presidio, a military reservation within the city of San Francisco. Donna started working the graveyard shift there in September 1969. Jo Anne and Donna were roommates together. They were doing the night shift when cabdriver Paul Stine was killed.

Donna Lass applied for a job working as a nurse at the Sahara Hotel and Casino on May 25, 1970. She became interested in moving to Lake Tahoe after her friends Larry and Ann Lowe told her about the lovely views, the skiing, and the gambling at the casinos. They told her she could stay with them until she could find her own place to live.

Lass started working as a nurse for the Sahara Hotel on June 6. Fellow employees remembered her as a clean-cut, attractive, dependable nurse, who took pride in her work.

On September 3, she had a phone conversation with Jo Anne and spoke about her plans for an upcoming winter trip to Europe. The two friends agreed to spend Labor Day weekend together at Donna’s apartment.

Two days later, Jo Anne drove to Lake Tahoe to meet her friend at the end of her shift. When Jo Anne got there, she could not find Donna. She spent the night at a motel and hoped to find her the next day. Still having heard nothing from Donna and not knowing the address of her apartment, she gave up searching and returned to San Francisco. [4]

Two weeks later, Jo Anne was back at the Sahara Hotel with Mr. and Mrs. Pilker to question hotel and casino workers. No one had seen Donna since her shift ended at 2:00 am on September 6. They apparently did not think anything was wrong, because an unknown man called the hotel and said that Donna would not be coming to work because of an illness in the family. Contrary to what the man said, there was no illness in the family.

At the first aid station, Donna’s uniform and work shoes were still there, untouched since the day she left.

They went to the Monte Verde apartment complex at 3893 Pioneer Trail Road just across the border in South Lake Tahoe, California. Mary Pilker knew where the apartment was, because she, her four small children, and her mother had visited Donna two weeks before Labor Day.

Like her employer at the hotel, the landlord also got a call the same day from an unknown man saying that Donna left town because of an illness in the family.

Everything in Donna’s apartment was found to be intact and undisturbed. In the closet were many new clothes she recently bought, still in their store-provided transparent plastic wrappings. The only items missing were her purse and checkbook. According to The Sacramento Bee dated September 26, 1970 Lass left behind a bank account of $500, a new car, and a large wardrobe of clothes.

Donna’s car, a convertible model of a 1968 Chevrolet Camaro, was locked and parked in the spot reserved for her in the parking lot. It is possible that she did not take her car to work but chose instead to go to the casino on foot, which was a short walking distance of eight to ten minutes.

Together these circumstances indicated that Donna might have been the victim of foul play. They went to the police station and filed a missing person report. Standard operating procedure was to wait 48 hours before the police would begin their investigation. Although they searched diligently, they failed to turn up any clues as to her whereabouts.

Newspapers picked up the story of the missing woman and gave her description. She was 5 foot 4 inches, 135 pounds, blue eyes, with brown-blonde frosted hair, probably wearing a navy blue pantsuit at the time she left the hotel.

Ann Lowe told The Sacramento Bee that Donna Lass came to Lake Tahoe in early June. She first knew Donna at a Santa Barbara hospital, where the two women worked together as nurses from 1967 to 1969. From Santa Barbara, Ann and Larry moved to Lake Tahoe, while Donna moved to San Francisco. Ann described Donna as “shy and retiring.” Although she had many friends, she was not a party girl, never smoked, drank very little and generally was opposed to the free lifestyle of many of her contemporaries. She was not the kind of person who would run off somewhere without telling someone. She was very religious, going to church “every Sunday.” [5]

The church she went to was St. Mary’s in the Pines, an outdoor chapel surrounded by a thick stand of pine trees behind the Harrah’s Club. It had a shrine to the Virgin Mary and a small, white structure to house the altar. The pews were hewn logs. Our Lady of Tahoe Parish used the outdoor chapel during the summer. Winter services were held in various facilities provided by the Harrah’s Club.

The name of the chapel has a strange echo in a Christmas card that was sent to Mary Pilker on December 27, 1974. The envelope had a �” stamp, indicating it was mailed either in San Mateo County or Santa Clara County. The front of the card featured trees covered in snow. Inside the card and below the message “Holiday Greetings and Best Wishes for a Happy New Year,” was a handwritten note saying, “Best Wishes, St Donna & Guardian of the Pines.” Evidently the handwritten message was a sinister mockery of Donna’s religious devotion. The “Guardian of the Pines” might refer to her abductor and killer.

Six months after the disappearance of Donna Lass, The San Francisco Chronicle received a homemade postcard from the Zodiac Killer addressed to Paul Avery. It depicted a winter scene cut from a newspaper advertisement for a condominium development in Incline Village, Nevada. Words cut from newspapers were pasted over the sketch, including “Sierra Club,” “sought victim 12,” “peek through the pines,” and “pass around Lake Tahoe.” A hole punch was used to punch a hole in the top right quadrant of the card. The cross hair symbol of the Zodiac appears on the bottom right of the card.

Sierra Club postcard

There seems to be no connection between the clues on the postcard and the disappearance of Donna Lass, except that law enforcement officials such as the Chief of Police of South Lake Tahoe, Ray Lauritzen, believed there was a connection. He sent detectives to Incline Village to look for clues, but they failed to find anything.

A preliminary police report showed that the words “Sierra Club” referred to the Clair Tappaan Lodge, located northwest of Lake Tahoe. Because that part of the Sierra was buried under several feet of snow, an investigation of the lodge had to wait until after the snow melted.

Clair Tappaan was a private skiing lodge reserved mainly for the board of directors of the Sierra Club and their families as well as members in the top echelons of society. It was on Donner Pass Road near Norden, California, a tiny, unincorporated community with a post office. It was about eight miles west of Donner Memorial State Park, where an ill-fated pioneer wagon train was stuck for four months in winter snow from 1846 to 1847. Some of the famished pioneers resorted to cannibalism in order to survive. The lodge was built in 1932 near Donner Summit. It was named after a longtime official of the Sierra Club. Clair Taappan was the club’s fifth president from 1922 to 1924, and on the board of directors from 1912 until his death in 1932.

Clair Taappan Lodge

The Sierra Club was an organization concerned with protecting the environment. It had roots in the white supremacy movement of the late 1800s. Among the founders were Berkeley professors Joseph LeConte and David Starr Jordan. They were eugenists who advocated forced sterilization of black people in order to preserve the purity of the white race. In July 2020, the executive director of the Sierra Club made a long overdue announcement repudiating the racism of the club’s founders.

Publicity regarding the “Sierra Club” postcard and its connection to the Zodiac Killer prompted two women to come forward offering information to the police. Hines read the the interview reports and made the following notes:

“I again reviewed the two South Lake Tahoe supplemental police reports filed on March 25, 1971. These were filed after the Zodiac mailed the card claiming his 12th victim in the Tahoe area. The complaints in these reports were filed by two Tahoe residents, Mary Ida Hylander and Nancy Kapanos. Subjects came forward after seeing a television news cast stating that the Zodiac killer had sent a card claiming he had sought his 12th victim in the Tahoe area.

Subject Hylander at the time resided at 3337 Bruce Street, South Lake Tahoe. Her telephone number at the time was 544-6893. She was a Black Jack dealer at Harrahs Club. She said that sometime during the middle of October of 1970, she was having dinner with her two children at the International House of Pancakes on Highway 50 and Sonora Ave. in South Lake Tahoe. She states that a man who had been seated in the booth directly across from her approached her and made conversation. This male subject then asked what Zodiac signs her two children were born under and indicated that he was interested in astrology. He indicated astrology was his hobby and continued talking about the Zodiac signs. Hylander agreed to let the man read her Zodiac chart and gave him her telephone number so that he might contact her after he had prepared her Zodiac chart.

The man telephoned Hylander at approximately 1800 hours that evening and stated that he had her chart ready. Hylander wanted the information over the telephone. However, the subject stated he could not do this. He would have to read the chart to her in person. Hylander then gave the subject her residence address and he stated that he was coming over right away. Hylander then became frightened and called her girlfriend, Nancy Kapanos. Kapanos was a Roulette Dealer at Harrahs Club.

A short time later, both women heard a car driving up in front of Hylander’s residence. After knocking the man was allowed to enter. He then produced a Zodiac chart. He, however, would not show it to Hylander except at a distance. He began relating astrological information and told Hylander, “Women don’t like you. People who you think are your friends really aren’t.” Then he looked at Kapanos indicating that he wished she would leave. Because of his strange actions, Kapanos stayed fearing to leave her friend alone with the subject. The man continued talking about Zodiac signs and stated he had recently read the chart of a murderer and continued talking about this subject, seemingly preoccupied with death. The subject contradicted himself several times. He was very evasive about questions asked of him by both women.

When he left he asked Hylander if she would have dinner and drinks with him at a future date. She told him she already had a boyfriend and declined. He then asked the Zodiac sign of her boyfriend. Upon learning the sign he stated that it was not compatible with Hylander’s. He then left the residence. However, before he left he gave Hylander a philosophical pamphlet to read. This pamphlet, entitled “It Works,” was written by R.H.J. [6] The man then wrote his name and address on the inside of the front cover of this pamphlet before giving it to Hylander. He wrote his name as Kent Williams with an address of General Delivery Stateline Post Office, South Lake Tahoe, CA. (note: Kent Williams was the name of the manager of the Tahoe Sierra Club in 1970. However, subsequent investigation determined that Williams was not the individual who approached Hylander.)

Both Hylander and Kapanos described the man as being a white male in his late 30’s to 40’s, approximately 5’9″ tall, 160 pounds, with regular length brown hair. They further described him as stocky with a pudgy stomach and wore plastic horn rimmed glasses. [He was well-spoken] and had a business like appearance. He said that he worked out of state selling real estate property. Kapanos said she saw the subject approximately one week later at the Stateline California Post Office.

In his two-part article, MacDowell provides another version of Hylander’s story.

Mary Hylander, a blackjack dealer, had met the man at a local International House of Pancakes, where, after initiating a conversation with her, he had offered to cast her astrological chart, declaring himself an authority on the zodiac.

That night as arranged, the man showed up at Hylander’s house with the finished chart. He was described as conservatively dressed, 5 foot 9, in his late 30s, with a slightly receding hairline and horn-rimmed glasses. He said he sold real estate in Arizona and lived in a studio apartment in nearby Stateline. He told her his name was Kent Williams.

Feeling uneasy about the rendezvous, Hylander had asked a friend, Nancy Kapanos, over for moral support. Kapanos’s presence annoyed the man, who proceeded to ramble for four hours about the signs of the zodiac. According to Hylander, he seemed obsessed with death and murder. At one point, he looked deeply into Hylander’s eyes and let loose with what struck her as a chilling non sequitur: that she would “die by water.” The odd revelation terrified Hylander. When she attempted to question the man, hoping to get some identifying information in case he was dangerous, he became evasive and contradicted himself repeatedly. Finally he left. [7]

Returning to the notes Hines made of the two supplemental police reports, he wrote:

Another witness told South Lake Tahoe police that sometime between the months of July and September 1970, she was at Shakey’s Pizza Parlour and was approached by a male subject approximately 38-40 years of age. She described him as having dark hair parted on the left side and was wearing plastic horn rimmed glasses. The man was carrying a book and kept referring to it. The witness did not recall the name of the book except it had the word “Psycho” and “Cybernetics” or words similar to that. [8] This subject engaged in conversation with the reporting party. He asked if they could go some place and talk. The woman refused. He continued in conversation, jumping from one thing to another and kept referring to a woman that he knew but would not say her name. The reporting party asked if he lived in the area and where he worked. He told her he sold land for a real estate company out of state. He did not tell her the name of the company. He said he lived at Stateline in a studio apartment.”

MacDowell’s version of the encounter at the pizza parlor is below:

The second report filed with the South Lake Tahoe Police Department recounted a similar encounter at a Shakey’s Pizza Parlour. A man of identical description sat down next to a woman (whose name does not appear in the report) and began talking about the signs of the zodiac. He said he lived nearby in a studio apartment and sold real estate out of state. He said he had been watching a woman at work who would be sorry for rejecting him. Numerous times he repeated that the woman in question “would be sorry.” He indicated that the woman’s and his zodiac signs were compatible. This was not the case, he insisted with the woman’s present boyfriend.

The woman at the pizza parlor made up an excuse to leave and hurried from the restaurant feeling unnerved. The encounter, she stated in the report, took place between July and September 1970.

After reading these reports, Hines went to the South Lake Tahoe Police Department in 1974 to find out what progress they had made in the Donna Lass case. He was amazed to learn that they had done nothing since the preliminary investigation three years earlier. They neither sent anyone to check out the Sierra Club lodge nor did they question Kent Williams, the manager of the lodge.

Hines went to the Sahara Hotel and Casino and noted Lass’s unfinished entry in the nurses’ logbook at 1:50 a.m. The last person she saw before departing into the oblivion of the night was Joan Bentley and her husband from San Francisco. When they last saw the nurse at 1:40 am, she appeared to be in good spirits.

Hines interviewed people who worked on the casino floor, in the restaurant, and in the hotel’s management offices. He asked if there was anyone who showed a particular interest in Donna and might possibly be involved in her disappearance. Three women, each of whom requesting anonymity, broached the same name: Larry Kane.

Three months before Lass disappeared, Kane and his mother moved from San Francisco to a studio apartment in Stateline. He got a job selling timeshares for condominiums in Arizona. The land development company he worked for was Lake Havasu Estates. His office was in the Sahara Hotel just down the hallway from the nurses’ station.

The circumstances of Kane’s move from San Francisco to Lake Tahoe, corresponding exactly to the circumstances of Lass’s move, namely the coincidental time, destination, and proximity of work stations, are indicative of a stalker. He spent an inordinate amount of time around the nurses’ station talking to Donna. He asked her out on at least one occasion, but whether or not they actually dated was unknown to the three women who spoke to Hines.

Kane was a loner, strange and creepy. His physical appearance was identical to the description given of “Kent Williams” by Hylander and the unnamed woman at the pizza parlor – fortyish with short hair receding slightly at the temples and sort of a pot belly. He was about 5 foot 9 inches tall, 170 pounds. He dressed conservatively and wore horn-rimmed glasses. When he spoke, he had good syntax and a large vocabulary. Evidently, the name Kent Williams was an alias.

After Donna disappeared, Kane left his job at the Sahara Hotel. The three women suspected that he was somehow involved in what happened to Donna.

Hines obtained a criminal records chart and a Department of Motor Vehicles report. They showed that Kane used at least ten different aliases at various times, including Larry Cain, Lawrence Barton, and Larry Kaye. He had three different social security numbers under different names, two different driver’s licenses, and two different birth dates. Through the late sixties and early seventies, he changed the spelling of his name from Kane to Cane, and back to Kane. Photos of him taken at various times indicated to Hines a startling ability to look different without apparent effort. (An alternative theory is that Kane found lookalikes to stand in for him, whenever a photograph was needed for identification.)

His birth name was Lawrence Klein. He was born in the Jewish section of Brooklyn, New York on April 26, 1924. Other birthdates he used were April 29, 1924, and April 29, 1922.

During World War II, he entered the U.S. Naval Reserve on February 12, 1943. He spent the better part of the year at a radio material school in Chicago, where he learned, among other things, enciphering and deciphering basic codes.

After seven months, a diagnosis of psychoneurosis hysteria led to his discharge from the Naval Reserve. His illness stemmed from worrying about his infirm and unstable mother.

Upon his return to civilian life, Kane became a career criminal with a lengthy rap sheet. He started a business selling roofs and siding for homes, which became an opportunity to swindle householders. Between 1942 and 1968 he had been arrested seventeen times. On April 25, 1949 he was arrested for grand larceny and petty larceny in Albany, New York. Four months later, he was arrested for grand larceny in Mineola, New York. On June 16, 1952, he was arrested for burglary in New York City. News articles at the time said that Lawrence Kaye and a partner stole gems worth $19,000 from Shirley Carmel, the fiancé of his friend Johnny Johnston, a noted radio, television and Hollywood actor and singer. Kane had an addiction for luxuries and lived in a luxurious apartment in New York City.

In 1961 he and his mother moved to the San Francisco Bay area in California. The following year, he sustained a brain injury in a head-on collision with a cement truck in San Mateo. He received a left frontal crainioplasty.

His last arrest was in Redwood City for prowling as a peeping Tom on August 29, 1968. This was just four months before the Zodiac’s first murders in the San Francisco Bay area. On December 20, the Zodiac used a handgun to kill two teenagers sitting in a car, David Faraday and Betty Lou Jensen, on Lake Herman Road within the city limits of Benicia at 10:15 pm.

On July 4, 1969, the Zodiac Killer again used a handgun to kill Darlene Ferrin and severely wound her companion, Mike Mageau, at Blue Rock Springs Park in Vallejo. The gunman was about 25 to 30 years old, 5 foot 8 or 9 inches tall, 195 to 200 pounds, full face, wavy or curly light brown hair, wearing a blue shirt or sweater, not wearing glasses.

Six days later, Lawrence Kane went to see John Miles, a Pontiac dealer in Stockton, California, where he traded in his old car for a new Ambassador sedan, goldfish tan in color. According to Department of Motor Vehicle records, he was living in San Francisco in an apartment at 217 Eddy Street. Three blocks from his apartment was the Orpheum Theater, where the Lamplighters Theater Troup staged Gilbert and Sullivan musicals. At nearby Letterman Hospital future Zodiac victim Donna Lass began working as a nurse in September 1969.

On September 27, the Zodiac Killer stabbed with a knife Cecelia Shepherd and Bryan Hartnell at Lake Berryessa. Hartnell, who survived the attack, described the assailant as about 5 foot 8 inches, light brown curly hair, possibly a wig, 26 to 30 years old, 195 to 200 lbs.

Two weeks later, the Lamplighters were performing The Mikado, a comic opera especially favored by the Zodiac Killer. In a letter written on July 24, 1970, he alluded to a Mikado song sung by the High Executioner, who had a “little list” of annoying people he wanted to execute. The Mikado was playing at the Orpheum Theater on the night of October 11, when the Zodiac Killer murdered cab driver Paul Stine.

As demonstrated by Sal and Ken, the fare on Stine’s taxicab meter showed that he picked up the Zodiac Killer 3.3 miles from the intersection of Washington and Cherry Streets, where the murder took place. Kane’s apartment was exactly 3.3 miles from Washington and Cherry Streets, which suggests that Stine picked up the Zodiac Killer at 217 Eddy Street.

Three teenagers observed the killing from an upper story window. A poster on the zodiackillersite.com named JDean identified two of the teenagers as Rebecca and Lyndsey Robbins. They described the killer as 25 to 30 years old, stocky build, 5 foot 8 to 9 inches tall, reddish brown hair, crew cut, wearing heavy rimmed glasses and dark clothing. [9]

Two police officers, Donald Fouke and Eric Zelms, saw a suspicious pedestrian within minutes of the slaying, walking toward the Presidio in the direction of Letterman Hospital. Fouke described the man as 35 to 45 years old, medium to heavy build, barrel-chested, 180 to 200 pounds, light colored hair, possibly graying in the rear, crew cut. He wore glasses, a dark blue zipper, waist length jacket, and brown woolen pants.

On March 22, 1970, Kathleen Johns saw the wanted poster of the Zodiac at a police station in Patterson and recognized him as the man who tried to kidnap her and her baby earlier that same night. She said he wore black, heavy-rimmed, plastic-lens glasses held firmly in place by a thin band of elastic around his head. He was about 30 years old, 5 foot 9 inches, 160 pounds, short dark hair, jaw “not weak”, dark windbreaker jacket, navy blue bell-bottom pants, military shoes highly polished. He was driving a late model sedan, tan in color.

Four months later, the Zodiac Killer made reference to his encounter with Kathleen Johns in his “Little List” letter. He said:

So now I have a little list, starting with that woeman + her baby that I gave a rather intersting ride for a couple howers one evening a few months back that ended in my burning her car where I found them.

At the time the “Little List” letter was sent, both Larry Kane and Donna Lass had been working at the Sahara Hotel for about a month. Kane and his mother were living in a studio apartment in Stateline, and Lass was living with Larry and Ann Lowe.

In the year following the disappearance of Lass, her friend Larry Lowe got to know Larry Kane. An interview of Lowe appeared on the History Channel’s series on the Zodiac Killer. When Sal and Ken asked if he knew Larry Kane, he said:

Absolutely. That would have been about ’71. I opened a little tropical fish store, and within a month or so, this individual came in. I’d been to his place several times because he was always having trouble, “Larry, you’ve gotta come look at the fish,” and stuff. This guy, he had — he collected everything. He had some swords. I’m pretty sure he had some guns, but I mean, there was all kinds of stuff he collected.

Ken: How about astrology stuff?

Larry: I think he had a plaque or something of the zodiac, and I think –

Ken: Whoa, a what? He had a what?

Larry: Like, a plaque, a round plaque of the zodiac on one of the walls.

Sal: What do you mean by zodiac, though?

Larry: I mean, isn’t there a zodiac calendar?

Ken: Okay. A round calendar.

Larry: Yeah, that’s what I mean, astrology calendar.

Larry: He was raised by his mother. He didn’t really have a father.

Ken: What was his relationship with his mom? Did he talk about his mom a lot?

Larry: Yeah, he was obsessed with his mother.

Sal: Where did his mom live at the time?

Larry: Closer to the Bay area. He would go down at least once every month or every two months.

That same year, 1971, Kane moved out of Stateline, perhaps after the appearance of the “Sierra Club” postcard in the news media.

Harvey Hines checked with the Nevada Real Estate Association and found out that Kane moved to Las Vegas. From 1971 to 1974, he sold real estate for Allen Dorfman, an organized crime figure from Chicago and stepson of Paul Dorfman, a friend of Jack Ruby. Allen Dorfman illegally used money from the pension fund of the Teamsters Union to make loans to casino owners and developers. He probably had ties to another mobster from Chicago, Charles Baron, an associate of Meyer Lansky and the official greeter for the Stardust Casino in Las Vegas. Baron was a close associate of Linkletter’s friend Reeve Whitson.

Hines went to Las Vegas and asked Fred “Andy” Anderson of the Las Vegas Police Department whether any unsolved homicides in the area matched the Zodiac’s modus operandi. Anderson told of a lover’s lane kidnapping and murder on the night of April 27, 1974. Fifteen-year-old Dana Lull had been abducted at gunpoint at Red Rock Canyon near Las Vegas, while sitting in a car with her boyfriend, Roy Tophigh, on a deserted stretch of road at 10:36 pm.

The suspect wore glasses, black suit, white shirt, tie, and black gloves and was armed with an automatic pistol. He approached the driver side of the car where Tophigh was sitting. As he held his gun on the couple, he took the keys out of the ignition and ordered Lull out of the car. As the suspect struggled with her, Tophigh escaped on foot. He saw the suspect force Lull into a sports car and drove off with her. The car was a white 1968 convertible model, possibly a Triumph, with a black cloth roof, a luggage rack, and old-style California black license plates with gold characters. The car’s front grill was missing. The gunman was around 30 to 40 years old, 5 foot 9, 160 pounds, round face, short dark hair, wearing horn-rimmed glasses.

Later that night, an anonymous caller had rung up Lull’s parents and told them, “Your daughter is dead.”

One hour after the abduction, a Nye County sheriff’s deputy named Tom Hannah observed a sports car driving erratically on a lonely stretch of desert road. He pursued the vehicle and stopped it. An “exceedingly courteous driver” got out and proffered a temporary California driver’s license. He was wearing black gloves. The driver explained he had driven down from San Francisco and was very tired. During this exchange, Hannah noticed a young, sandy-haired woman slumped in the front seat of the car. Hannah assumed she was asleep. The woman remained motionless during the entire encounter. Hannah also observed a small bumper sticker on the back rear fender that read: “Save the Pupfish.” He let the suspect go with just a warning.

Two weeks later, Lull’s body was found by two young men exploring old mines in the Saddleback Mountains, 25 miles northwest of Needles, two miles north of Interstate 40. Her body was at the bottom of a 25 foot mine shaft. She had been shot once through the head with a .22 long jacket bullet (a type of ammunition favored by the Zodiac).

The police report described the case as a “possible Zodiac murder.” Studying the case with Kane in mind as the suspect, Hines discovered a coincidence in locations. Lull’s body was in a mine shaft on Mountain Springs Road. Kane lived five miles from where Lull was abducted on Spring Mountain Road. The coincidence of names seemed to have been deliberately chosen. Furthermore, the names of the roads fit a Zodiac pattern for committing his crimes by a “body of water” (such as Lake Herman Road, Blue Rock Springs Park, Lake Berryessa, and Lake Tahoe).

Hines learned from Allen Dorfman that Kane’s favorite watering hole in Vegas was the Spring Inn on Spring Mountain Road, a short distance from Kane’s apartment. In a police report filed one month after Lull’s murder, Tophigh recognized his girlfriend’s abductor at the Spring Inn. As Tophigh was calling the police, the man left.

Shortly afterwards Kane moved back to Stateline, where he worked as a real estate broker. He sold his car to Stockton auto dealer John Miles. It was a white 1966 MG sports car convertible, with a black cloth top, wire-spoked wheels, chrome luggage rack on the trunk, missing grill, and old-style California license plates (TDY274). It was the same car that Roy Tophigh saw, except that Tophigh mistakenly identified it as a 1968 Triumph.

Through the next two decades, Hines continued his effort to prove that Kane was the Zodiac Killer. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Hines located and interviewed six witnesses. Using standard police procedure, he showed each of them a photo line up of suspects.

Tom Hannah picked out the photo of Kane and said “I have no doubt that is the man I stopped. It’s his eyes and eyebrows. I could never forget them. I’ll stake my life on the fact that he’s the guy.”

Roy Tophigh picked out the photo of Kane but said: “No, it’s been too long.” Hines asked him if any of the photos looked familiar. With his finger on the Kane photo, he said, “This guy, but I don’t know where. I can’t say he is the one that night.” Hines asked if he could say he is not the one. Tophigh said no.

Linda Bowman, the eldest sister of Darlene Ferrin, reached for the photo of Kane and sobbed almost uncontrollably, saying repeatedly “Thank God, it’s over.” She repeatedly thanked Hines for solving the mystery. She recalled that when Kane smiled, only part of the his face moved, “like it was frozen.” Hines believed that this condition was consistent with someone who had a brain injury, such as what Kane suffered in 1962.

Darlene’s other sister, Pam Huckabee, also picked out the photo of Kane.

The two sisters remembered him as the man who kept pestering Darlene at the diner where she worked as a waitress and when she was at home. He was about twenty years older than her, conservatively dressed, and wore horn-rimmed glasses. One day he came to the house to attend a party Darlene was having. He looked conspicuous and out of place among her much younger guests, who were dressed in the casual, looser forms of clothing typically worn by hippies in the late sixties. Although Darlene was afraid of him, she remained friendly as a way of diffusing his threat. Her sisters remembered him sitting in his light colored Chevrolet sedan outside the house. On one occasion he stopped by to drop off a package. After Darlene was murdered, family and friends suspected that he was the one who killed her.

Don Fouke was one of the two officers who encountered and spoke to the Zodiac Killer after the Stine murder. (The other officer, Eric Zelms, was killed in the line of duty three months later.) Fouke lingered over the picture of Kane and said: “I’ve seen hundreds of photos since then, and this is the best likeness.” He could not make a positive identification adding that too much time had passed since he saw the Zodiac. Fouke described him as around 35 to 45 years old, 5 foot 9, medium to heavy build, barrel-chested, 180 to 200 pounds.

Kathleen Johns picked out the photo of Larry Kane and said, “It’s him, but I thought he was younger than this.”

All six witnesses picked the photo of Kane, but with varying degrees of certitude. Hannah, Bowen, and Huckabee were the most certain, but Tophigh was so uncertain that it is possible that he saw another man who looked like Kane.

Statements regarding the height and weight of the Zodiac are fairly consistent, but there is wide variation as to his age. Mageau, Hartnell, the three teenagers, and Johns said that he was around 26 to 30 years old. Tophigh said his age was somewhere between 30 and 40. On the other side, Fouke, Bowen and Huckabee remembered a middle-aged man about 35 to 45. Hannah may be added to the latter number, for he was absolutely certain the man he encountered was Kane, who in 1974 was 50 years old.

To resolve the discrepancies, let us assume a criminal partnership of two men, closely resembling one another, but one was approximately twenty years older.

At Blue Rock Springs Park, surviving victim Mike Mageau said the man who shot him and Darlene Ferrin was 25 to 30 years old. Yet the man who was stalking Darlene was in his forties.

The man who stabbed Cecelia Shepherd and Bryan Hartnell at Lake Berryessa was a young man, 25 to 30 years old.

The man seen by three teenagers killing Paul Stine was 25 to 30 years old. Yet the man seen by Officers Fouke and Zelms was 35 to 45.

The police report of Kathleen Johns shows that the man who tried to abduct her and her baby was around 30 years old.

Tophigh witnessed a young man who seized his girlfriend and drove off with her, but it was the middle-aged man who transported the dead or knocked out Lull across the state line into California.

Extrapolating from the above incidents, it appears that in the case of Donna Lass, Lawrence Kane was merely a stalker, but someone else, his young companion perhaps, was the kidnapper.

In 1969 and 1970 Robert Linkletter aka the Zodiac Killer was 24 to 25 years old. His connection to Lake Tahoe is indicated by Marie Vigil:

He stays sometimes at Lake Tahoe with his older sister, who is a widow.

The older sister was Dawn Linkletter. Her husband, John Zweyer, died of a gunshot wound to the head on July 15, 1969 near a body of water, a swimming pool in the backyard of their home in Hollywood.

Robert’s parents had a permanent residence at Lake Tahoe. They owned a condominium in Alpine Meadows in Placer County, California, about 25 miles from the Sierra Club ski lodge. According to the Auburn Journal, Oct. 27, 1966, Art Linkletter was among the first to purchase a unit in the condominium complex adjacent to Alpine Motor Inn along the bank of the Truckee River.

After another sister, Diane Linkletter, fell to her death from a sixth floor window of an apartment building near Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles on October 4, 1969, Robert and his parents retreated to Lake Tahoe. They did not even attend the funeral, which occurred a few days prior to the murder of Paul Stine on October 11.

A Sierra Club connection was also mentioned by Marie Vigil:

[He] belongs to the Sierra Club, which is interested in the misuse of the environment.

As a Sierra Club member, he could stay anytime at the exclusive Clair Tappaan Lodge. Reasons to believe a link existed between the lodge and the Zodiac Killer include the following:

(1) The Zodiac Killer sent a postcard with the words “Sierra Club” and “Lake Tahoe” pasted on it.

(2) Lawrence Kane used the name of the manager of the lodge, Kent Williams, as an alias.

A third reason emerged during an interview Hines had with Williams’ ex-wife. She said that near the lodge was an intricate arrangement of geometric figures using sticks and stones.

It was discovered in August 1976 by Otto Fredericks, a retired postmaster for the Norden post office. He found it as he was hiking on a trail past the lodge going northeast toward the Donner Ski Ranch. The strange design of the symbol was so intriguing that Fredericks took pictures of it. What he saw was a circle of wood fourteen feet in diameter enclosing a six-foot square of wood. Inside the square was a triangle of three sticks. Inside the triangle were thirteen stones arranged to form a cross.

Stone and wood configuration near Sierra Club lodge

The thirteen stones of the cross corresponds with the thirteen punched holes and the number 13 printed above a cross that appeared on a postcard sent by the Zodiac Killer to Paul Avery one month after the disappearance of Donna Lass. Although originally targeted to be victim 12, she was apparently spared by unknown circumstances. Eventually she became victim 13. In the Little List letter the Zodiac wrote “I shall (on top of everything else) torture all 13 of my slaves that I have waiting for me in Paradice.”

Thirteen hole postcard. Note the cross with the 13 above it.

The discovery made by the ex-postmaster plus the clues on the “Sierra Club” postcard indicated that the remains of Donna Lass were under or near the odd contrivance of wood and stones. Hines contacted the ex-postmaster to find out its precise location, so that he could see it for himself. By the time he got there, the sticks and stones had apparently been removed. He returned later and, with the help of an employee of the lodge, dug the site up to a depth of four feet. The only thing they found was a damaged pair of sunglasses of the type worn by young women in the late 1960s.

Whether or not the site ever contained the remains of Donna Lass cannot be proven. However, what can be demonstrated is that the site is evidence that the Sierra Club lodge harbored devotees of the Rosicrucian cult. The design of the wood and stone configuration accords with the Rosicrucian symbol – a cross entwined with a rose inside a triangle surrounded by a circle.

The Rosicrucian cult revived and practiced the mysteries of the Ancient Egyptians and believed in their concepts of the afterlife. In the tombs of the pharaohs were the bodies of servants, slain next to their master in order to serve them in the afterlife. [10]

The Zodiac Killer believed in an afterlife where people he killed would become his servants. In a message filled with misspellings, he wrote: “When I die I will be reborn in paradice and the I have killed will become my slaves I will not give you my name because you will try to sloi down or atop my collectiog of slaves for my afterlife.”

A discussion of the Rosicrucian connection to the Zodiac Killer is in a letter written by Dave Peterson to Harry Martin, publisher of the Napa Sentinel on October 25, 1992. He wrote:

When the symbols were described to me by Hines (I had been covering and investigating the Zodiac case since 1969 as a Vallejo Times-Herald police reporter now retired) I was able to identify them as symbols used by the Rosicrucian Society and pictured in their literature. The triangle and cross represented the Deity, although the society is not a religious organization. It calls itself an international mystic association and teaches astrology.

The use of Rosicrucian symbols by Zodiac confirmed my earlier discovery that Zodiac was a disciple of Aleister Crowley. He was a renegade Rosicrucian who led a breakaway cult called the Golden Dawn and was a notorious black magician.

Zodiac’s “killing hood” at Lake Berryessa displayed a crossed circle similar to Crowley’s ritual hooded robe featuring another crossed circle, the Rosy Cross of Roscrucianism.

Also, Zodiac had imitated Crowley’s writings in his “Book of the Law” and the “Book of Lies (how appropriate)” for his murderous vow to “kill slaves for his afterlife.” Crowley wrote, in part:

“… Therefore the Kings of the earth shall be Kings forever … the slaves shall serve … let my servants be few and secret … Let the evil ones be cast away .. I am the Magician and the Exorcist … My number is 11 (the number of magic and the date of the Stine murder in San Francisco) … Stamp down the wretched and the weak … Death for the dogs … I am unique and a conqueror … I am not of the slaves that perish …

Crowley a dope addict, urged his followers to torture and sacrifice the “slaves.” He was known in his time (1875-1947) as the “wickedest man alive.” His astrological sign was Libra, the same sign during the Lake Berryessa and Stine slayings. And he was an avowed reincartionist. [11]

Aleister Crowley was the founder of the Ordo Temple Oriental (OTO). According to author Maury Terry in his 1987 book The Ultimate Evil, the OTO was linked to the Process Church of the Final Judgment. Both organizations, said Terry, were part of a vast conspiracy of devil worshippers practicing ritual murders. Members of the Process Church were influential in developing and shaping the occult tendencies of Charles Manson and his Family.

A major concern for Charles Manson was the misuse of the natural environment. He propounded an ecological belief system called ATWA (an acronym for Air, Trees, Water, Animals and All The Way Alive). ATWA names the interrelated life-support systems of the Earth. His followers Lynette Fromme and Sandra Good used the term to name the forces of life which they believe hold the balance of the Earth.

Fromme and Good in 1975 (just prior to Fromme’s attempted assassination of President Ford) made a proclamation that “The International People’s Court of Retribution” was going after rich capitalists who were polluting the planet, cutting down the redwoods, manufacturing aerosol sprays, and so on. They compiled a list of offenders and sent them threatening letters, saying they will suffer violent deaths.

A similar kind of letter appeared five years earlier, on October 19, 1970, when a team of killers invaded Dr. Ohta’s home in Santa Cruz and killed him, his secretary, his wife, and two sons. The bodies were then dumped into the swimming pool. According to Marie Vigil, the Ohta murders were the work of the Zodiac Killer. A typewritten note left on the windshield of Dr. Ohta’s car read:

Today World War 3 will begin as brought to you by the People of the Free Universe. From this day forward anyone and-or company who misuses the natural environment or destroys same will suffer the penalty of death by the People of The Free Universe. I and my comrades from this day forth will fight until death or freedom, against anything or anyone who does not support natural life on this planet. Materialism must die or mankind will.

Knight of Wands, Knight of Cups, Night of Pentacles, Knight of Swords

In a Tarot deck of cards the four knights are face cards among fourteen cards of a suit. There are four suits in a deck: wands, cups, pentacles, and swords. The third knight in the above signature line lacked the initial k to form the ominous word “night.” The word “pentacles” refers to a five sided symbol used in witchcraft to summon the devil or his servants from the nether region.

Tarot was an occult system of divination by cards that came from gypsy fortune tellers. The hippie community picked up on the practice of Tarot, and from them it spread to cults embracing satanism, demonology, witchcraft, and the so-called black and gray magics. Tarot was in use among members of the Manson family.

Aleister Crowley, who devised the Thoth variation of Tarot along with Lady Frieda Harris, said: “The origin of this pack of cards is very obscure. Some authorities seek to put it back as far as the ancient Egyptian Mysteries others try to bring it forward as late as the fifteenth or even the sixteenth century … [but] The only theory of ultimate interest about the Tarot is that it is an admirable symbolic picture of the Universe, based on the data of the Holy Qabalah.”

Renaming a Tarot card “Night of Pentacles” is consistent with the Zodiac Killer’s fondness for words with devilish connotations. Consider the following:

1. Halloween. The founder of the Church of Satan in San Francisco, Anton LeVey, said that the two major Satanic holidays are Walpurgisnacht (May 1) and Halloween.

2. Mt. Diablo. This was the threatened location for a bomb to destroy a school bus full of children.

3. Exorcist. A letter written on January 27, 1974 said that the film Exorcist was “the best saterical comidy that I have ever seen.”

4. Pupfish. The only known habitat of an endangered species of pupfish, the Cyprinodon diabolis, is in Devil’s Hole, a water-filled cavern in the Nevada section of Death Valley National Monument.

5. Beelzebub. A five million dollar ransom note found in the home of one of the Chowchilla kidnappers had the markings of the Zodiac Killer. The note was signed, “We are Beelsabub,” a misspelling of the biblical name for the devil.

Halloween not only appears on the note found at the Ohta house, it also has significance in the murder of Cheri Jo Bates. Halloween implications can be discerned through a careful reading of an article that appeared in the January 1969 issue of Inside Detective. Another informative article is Wikipedia’s “The Murder of Cheri Jo Bates.”

A groundskeeper found her body near the library of Riverside City College on October 31 at 6:30 in the morning. She was face down, fully clothed, savagely stabbed and hacked, on a dirt driveway between two weather-beaten, frame houses, unoccupied (used by the library for extra storage) off Terracina Street. Her clothing was stained with blood. A trail of dried blood led from the body to the street.

The ground surrounding her body was churned up. According to one police detective, “The driveway adjacent to 3680 Terracina Street was so churned up, it looked like a tractor had been on the ground. The girl, who was very athletic, put up a terrific fight.”

Ten feet from the body was a Timex wristwatch with a broken band. It was a type sold only at military bases. The footprint of a military boot was nearby. The boot size was between eight and ten inches.

Bates’s car, a lime green Volkswagen Beatle, was in front of the library, about 75 yards from the entrance to the dirt driveway. The ignition wiring to the engine had been deliberately pulled loose, disabling the vehicle. Both the driver’s side and passenger windows were partly rolled down. There were two library books and a notebook on the front seat of the car. Several smeared, greasy palm prints and fingerprints were found upon the vehicle. These prints did not belong to Bates or any of her friends or relatives. They probably belonged to the murderer.

A coroner examined the body at 9:00 am. Numerous fragments of skin and brown hair were beneath the fingernails of her right hand. Bates evidently scratched her assailant’s arms, face, and head and tore off his wristwatch in a desperate effort to defend herself.

An autopsy revealed she had eaten roast beef for dinner and that it had been digested for two to four hours before she died. There was no evidence of sexual assault. The coroner placed the time of death about eight to twelve hours before his initial examination, or between 9:00 pm and 1:00 am.

A woman who lived in an apartment a few doors from the dirt driveway told police she heard “screaming and yelling” at about 10:30, and “then I heard a muted scream and then a loud sound like an old car being started up – this was about two minutes after I heard the first scream.”

Two women acquainted with Bates were interviewed for a television news broadcast. They said that Bates told them that she was going to meet a boyfriend at the library. The police located the boyfriend and found that he was in San Francisco at the time of the murder.

Police interviewed students who were at the library that Sunday. They said that Bates arrived at the library entrance at 5:40 pm and waited twenty minutes until the library opened. She went inside and checked out two books. Two women who knew her said she was not in the library when they came in between 6:30 and 6:40.

Two weeks later, the police staged a reenactment of everyone who was at the library that Sunday evening with their cars parked in the exact spots they had them in. Seventy-five students were involved. All cars were accounted for, except one, a 1947 to 1952 Studebaker with light colored, oxidized paint. It was seen parked south of Terracina Street at 7:00 pm.

My theory to explain the facts assumes that Cheri Jo Bates met her boyfriend at the library – not the one in San Francisco, but another one. They went out on a date together, taking his car. Perhaps they went to a movie together. Perhaps they went to a restaurant afterwards, where she had roast beef.

Between 10:00 and 10:30 the boyfriend drove her back to the library to leave her off where her car was parked. When her car would not start, they might have attempted to find out what was wrong. Perhaps at this point, they were surprised by someone and had to flee. They left the car, leaving the windows partly rolled down and the key in the ignition.

The boyfriend managed to escape on foot, but the man, or men, pursuing Bates caught up with her on the dirt driveway. She screamed as her attacker tried to silence her. In the ensuing struggle, she scratched her assailant in several places. Two minutes later there was a muted scream as she was being forced into the old Studebaker. She was taken elsewhere to be killed. If she had been killed on the driveway, there should have been a pool of blood around and under her body, but the only blood observed was the trail of blood leading from the street to the body.

Given the temporal proximity of the devil’s holiday, she was probably kept alive until after midnight. [12] After she was killed, her body was transported back to the dirt driveway off Terracina Street. In the process of dumping the body, some droppings of blood fell from her saturated clothes.

Because of the watch and footprint, police suspected that a serviceman was her killer. They questioned 154 airmen stationed at nearby March Air Force Base, who attended classes at the college but with no results.

Another possibility is that an ex-serviceman wearing military boots and a watch bought at a military base was the killer.

Linkletter had enlisted in the Air Force in 1962 and was discharged in 1965. In the fall of 1966, he was working on bottle cap designs in an office located in Costa Mesa, a distance of about 45 miles from Riverside. The extent of the distance seems out of the way for someone to find a victim for Halloween. Yet during his service in the Air Force, he might have formed bonds and continuing relationships with like-minded airmen who still had time left on their enlistment. Such individuals might have become aware of Bates while taking courses at the college and steered Linkletter in her direction.

Given how ferociously Bates fought back, it probably took two men, at least, to subdue her and keep her from screaming. Perhaps Ross Sullivan, wearing army boots and jacket, was on hand to give assistance.

According to Marie Vigil, Robert Linkletter aka the Zodiac Killer had been dropping bodies since 1966. Assisting him in the Ohta murders was lookalike decoy John Frazier. Evidence emerging from the other cases suggests that Sullivan and Kane were, like Frazier, also lookalike decoys. These secondary Zodiacs had the responsibility of tailing targeted victims to learn their schedules and habits. They exhibited bizarre and menacing behaviors to attract suspicion as a diversionary tactic. During the commission of a crime, they stood as lookouts to alert the killer of the approach of any interference. Afterwards they served as decoys to confuse eyewitnesses and police with their horn-rimmed glasses and lookalike appearances.

Postulating the existence of doubles seems to be the only way of resolving the discrepancies that continues to frustrate those seeking a solution to the mystery of the Zodiac Killer. If indeed he had doubles, then he was not just a lone killer, but rather he was a well-connected agent within the military, defense industry, and intelligence complex, otherwise known as the national security establishment.

Despite prodigious efforts, Harvey Hines failed to overcome law enforcement indifference to his claim that Lawrence Kane was the Zodiac Killer. In 1978 he resigned from the Sonora Police Department. He moved to Idaho and worked for a year as a sheriff’s deputy. Then he moved to Oregon, where he became a detective for a major private detective agency. Afterwards, he became a police officer for the City of Escalon near San Jose. When he retired, he moved his family to an eighty acre farm in rural Texas. He died on September 15, 2009 in Luling, Texas at the age of 76.

After living in Las Vegas from 1971 to 1974, Lawrence Kane returned to the Lake Tahoe area near Stateline. He was living in Zephyr Cove, Nevada when he died on May 20, 2010 at the age of 86.

  1. William Pepper is the author of a book on the assassination of Martin Luther King called Orders to Kill.
  2. The two-part article “On the Trail of the Zodiac Killer,” written by Ryder MacDowell, was published on May 8 and 15, 1994 for The SanFrancisco Examiner.
  3. San Francisco Examiner, September 26, 1970 provides the date when the Lass family got the message that there was an “emergency” regarding Donna.
  4. There is a discrepancy in Goettsche’s account that appears in Robert Graysmith’s book The Zodiac Unmasked. She said that Lass moved into her apartment one day before her disappearance. This implies that Lass was using the Lowes’ telephone on September 3. Goettsche’s account assumes that Lass had not yet set up a phone line in her newly rented apartment. On the other hand, Mary Pilker told newspapers that she knew where her sister’s apartment was, because she had visited Donna two weeks before Labor Day. Thus Lass was using her apartment phone when she spoke to her friend. If that was the case, then Goettsche merely had to call the apartment number to locate Donna rather than fruitlessly wandering around, hoping to find her. Of course, if she had tried to call, she might have realized that something was wrong and perhaps notified the hotel manager or the police.
  5. Lass’s church attendance is in The Sacramento Bee, September 24, 1970.
  6. “It Works: The Famous Little Red Book that Makes Your Dreams Come True,” a 57 page pamphlet published in 1926 by RHJ recommended three simple steps: 1. Write down your dreams in a list 2. Read your list morning, noon, and night 3. Tell no one about it.
  7. MacDowell’s article changed the names of Hylander and Kapanos to Mary Hammond and Nancy Kantor
  8. Psycho-Cybernetics by Maxwell Maltz, published in 1960 by Simon & Schuster, is a self-help book in which the reader will achieve a positive outcome through visualization of that positive outcome.
  9. JDean wrote:

“I have talked to the Robbins kids extensively and they are a remarkable couple of kids. …Some background… This is an upperclass neighborhood (Duh!) The Robbins father was (maybe still is) a renowned surgeon. At the time of the murder, the senior Robbins was about a block away attending a formal dinner at the Belgian Embassy. You can begin to get the status and education of the family. The kids (Lindsey and Rebecca were 16 and 13 Respectively) were having friends over for TV, Popcorn, games, etc. There was no alcohol as some have suggested.

As both Robbons kids were the oldest, their statements were the given the most weight. Also they were the least traumatized by the event. One of the kids (not sure which) noticed a cab parked outside (in that now famous spot) with the interior lights on. . . . ..the first kid at the window said the driver looked “sick, or something”. Lindsey and Rebecca went to the window and saw the driver laying across the front seat, head toward the passenger door. His head was in the lap of another man (passenger). Rebecca saw blood and said out loud, “he’s stabbing that man.” She was seeing blood on the victim and saw the glint of a knife, so she assumed a stabbing was taking place. (No shots were heard by anyone)

We know now that Z was cutting off a large piece of Stein’s shirt with the knife.

At this time, Lindsey went downstairs to get a better look at what was happening, while one of the kids upstairs called the Police. Downstairs, the lights were off, so Lindsey knew he could not be seen from the outside. He got close to the window and watched his actions. He was shortly joined by Rebecca. They both watched and observed in silence as Z pushed the driver to an upright position behind the steering wheel, exited the car and walked around the rear of the car and opened the drivers door. Stein had fallen over onto the seat and Z pulled him back up into the seated position and had some difficulty keeping him upright. Once upright, he was seen to have a rag, or something like a handkerchief and began to wipe down the door area and leaning over the driver, part of the dashboard. Whe he was finished, Z calmly walked to Cherry St. and walked North.

Not many know this, but Lindsey (being 16. feeling immortal, and beleiving the susp to be armed with only a knife) ran out his door to see where Z was going. He ran to the corner of Cherry and watched as Z continued his casual pace right up to the corner of Jackson & Cherry.

At this exact point, the first SFPD car arrives with two officers. One, Palesetti, approached Lindsey and tried to extract what was happening. The other officer went to the cab and found the bloody victim. While Palesetti asking questions, Lindsey was trying to explain that the suspect was in sight on Cherry St. By the time Palesetti got the point, they both looked and the Z was gone.

The assumption was Z continued North into Presidio Park and the resultant search extensively covered this area.

Palesetti followed a different path East on Jackson in the event Z had turned East. What happened next is for another story.

But, I want to tell you how the sketches came about. Within 48 hrs of the murder, Tochi had recruited a young uniformed cop named Juan Morales, who was said to be a good artist. He asked him to talk to the kids and see if he could work-up a composite of the susp. Morales sat down with all the kids and slowly developed the first sketch. Most of his input he took from the two oldest (L&R). Within a day or so, someone (not sure who) decided it was a bad idea to have multiple people contribute to a composite. So Morales sat down with the kids again and after a time, determined that Rebecca was the most artistically inclined, and the most observant of facial features. So, he did the final sketch from only Rebecca. When done, all the kids looked at it individually and agreed that was VERY close to the man they saw on that night.

I hope that helps somewhat in clearing up lots of speculation and rumor about the “eyewitnesses.”

10. The Rosicrucian headquarters in San Jose, California has a museum that stores and displays the largest collection of Ancient Egyptian artifacts in the Western United States.

11. Robert Linkletter was also a Libra, born on October 15, 1944.

12. Adrenalin in the blood, when it oxidizes, produces a chemical that has narcotic effects. Aldous Huxley in his 1954 book Doors of Preception wrote: “Adrenochrome, which is a product of the decomposition of adrenalin, can produce many of the symptoms observed in mescalin intoxication.” Blood-drinking is a prominent feature among the darkest forms of satanic ritual. Ed Durston, Robert Linkletter’s friend, directed a 1971 Manson-inspired cult movie called I Drink Your Blood, about Satan-worshipping hippies.


UNSUB : The Psychological Portraits

The psychology and personality of the Zodiac killer have been the subject of speculation and debate for decades. Profilers, psychologists, and arm-chair detectives have weighed in with various theories regarding the killer’s mind and motives. The popular portrait painted the Zodiac as a loner who was incapable of holding a steady job or maintaining any meaningful relationships with women. The same portrait was offered by experts who described the personality of other notorious serial killers such as the Green River killer and the B.T.K. strangler. Like the Zodiac, both GRK and BTK had killed and then disappeared for decades. BTK also telephoned authorities to report a murder and he sent several communications during his criminal career. The experts believed that GRK and BTK were also loners who were incapable of maintaining regular employment or relationships with members of the opposite sex.

FBI profilers and criminal profiling have become a part of pop culture. Many people who watch popular television shows such as CRIMINAL MINDS and PROFILER have come to believe that profiling is an exact science which can and does identify a specific type of individual as the perpetrator of a particular crime. However, history has proven that criminal profiling is largely guess-work, and the profiles are only as good as the person who prepared that profile. Further, an experienced profiler can examine the evidence and create a perfectly logical profile based on facts only to discover that the profile was completely wrong once the real perpetrator is identified.

After many years of hunting the BTK strangler, Wichita detectives turned to the experts and profilers for help. Some investigators believed that BTK was responsible for the murder of a young woman while others were absolutely convinced that the elusive killer was not involved in that crime. The experts examined the cases and conclued that BTK was definitely not responsible for the woman’s murder. Then, in 2004, BTK resurfaced and sent his first communication in 25 years. The killer’s package contained photographs he had taken during the murder of the woman in question, thereby refuting the conclusions of the experts. BTK was subsequently identified as Dennis Rader, a 59 year-old Animal Control worker. Rader again defied the experts– he was married, fathered children, maintained a steady job and served as the president of his church. When authorities finally identified the Green River killer as Gary Ridgway, he did not match the criminal profile created by famous profiler John Douglas of the FBI’s Behavioral Science Unit. [To read more about the differences between Rigway and the GRK profile, visit the website karisable.com.]

During the original Zodiac investigation, detectives explored the mind and methods of the killer, and sought the advice of a psychiatrist at the California Medical facility in Vacaville. After examining the writings of the Zodiac, the psychiatrist concluded, “He is probably a guy who broods about cutoff feelings, about being cut off from his fellow man.” Vallejo Police Captain Wade Bird speculated, “I think he’ll prove to be a genius who got so far out he went over the edge… I don’t believe a man this disturbed could hold down a steady, regular job. He’s too far gone for that.

Dr. Lawrence Z. Freedman, chairman of the Institute of Social and Behavioral Pathology at the University of Chicago, studied the Zodiac’s words and deeds in order to understand the mind of the murderer. Freedman concluded that the Zodiac committed his crimes because he was “overwhelmed with terror,” and “spreads terror because he leads a terror-dominated life, and he insists on his power because he feels powerless. He will be caught because he wants to get caught.” Freedman said that the killer’s behavior indicated he was most likely insane and suicidal. “In his suicide, he will be expressing finally what his homicides have meant to him. To those who gave him being but denied him affection or recognition, he is saying, however insanely, ‘Look at what you have done to me.’” Freedman believed that the killer targeted couples and “has struck out in savage rage against those who seem to flaunt an intimacy that he craves with an intensity which only the fantasy of the deeply frustrated human being can imagine.

Another psychological assessment of the killer’s personality appeared in the October 21, 1969 edition of The San Francisco Examiner. The headline read, “Zodiac’s Graph: Impotent, Shrewd and Paranoid,” and the accompanying article presented a portrait painted by William F. Baker, a handwriting expert armed with thirty five years of experience and master’s degrees in psychology and abnormal psychology.


In an interview with reporter Sam Blumenfeld, Baker offered his insights after what he called an “exhaustive” study of the Zodiac’s writings. “He feels suspended between heaven and hell, not sure of himself and feels caught in a trap of merely existing.” Baker explained how certain characteristics in the killer’s writing revealed more about his state of mind. “The strong slant to the left of the lower letters denotes a ‘mother hostility’ and an unhappy childhood. Carry that trait further and you find the man who is afraid of women and hates them. Carry that to a further extreme and you have a man who is capable of killing women to get even with his mother.” Like others before him, Baker speculated about the Zodiac’s possible feelings of inadequacy and his psycho-sexual compulsions. “The probability is that he is impotent and a watcher rather than a participant in sex.” Baker told Blumenfeld that the killer was most likely not a homosexual but that he was unquestionably paranoid and schizophrenic. The analyst then contradicted the opinion of many others who believed that the Zodiac’s childish scrawl and rampant misspellings were evidence that the writer was an uneducated man. Baker viewed the letters as proof that the killer was actually a shrewd and methodical planner attempting to mislead authorities. “I would judge that he has a post-high school education, although it could be self-education. He is probably trying to steer people off.” Baker also believed that the Zodiac had altered the style of his handwriting when he penned the letters. “The writing is not natural to the writer,” Baker concluded, “It is very contrived.” When asked why the Zodiac had changed his tactics and threatened school children, Baker said, “Because the man is a coward and feels that children can’t hurt him.” Regarding the eternal question about the motive behind the killer’s seemingly senseless violence, the expert offered a familiar and tragically simple answer the Zodiac killed because he was “a nobody,” yet his crimes and publicity made him feel as if he had become “a somebody.”

In the early 1990s, retired Vallejo detective George Bawart contacted psychologist Larry Ankron of the FBI’s Violent Criminal Apprehension Unit in Quantico, Virginia. Ankron was “informed of the investigation by Detective Armstrong in 1971.” The Quantico psychologist told Bawart that the Zodiac “killings would probably still be continuing” if the killer was not deceased or imprisoned. He stated that most serial killers would “keep souvenirs or trophies from these criminal acts… so they can keep these in a hidden place and relive the incident many times over.” Dr. Ankron added that such killers would often store these trophies, along with “journals and news clippings of the crimes themselves,” in “ingenious hiding places within their residence such as, false walls, hidden safe, etc.” Bawart was also advised that it was possible that a serial killer might “have a storage place at another location.


In 2001, violence expert Michael D. Kelleher and psychologist David Van Nuys offered a new portrait of the Zodiac in the book THIS IS THE ZODIAC SPEAKING: Into the Mind of a Serial Killer. The authors reached a controversial conclusion– that the Zodiac suffered from multiple personality disorder. Kelleher’s books are available at Amazon.com, and Van Nuys often posts videos featuring his analysis of the Zodiac on YouTube.com.


Zodiac killer

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Zodiac killer, unidentified American serial killer who is believed to have murdered at least five people in northern California between 1968 and 1969. An earlier murder, the stabbing death of an 18-year-old college student in Riverside, California in 1966, is also sometimes attributed to the Zodiac killer. The case inspired the influential 1971 action film Dirty Harry, which starred Clint Eastwood, and it was the subject of the critically acclaimed David Fincher dramatic film Zodiac (2007).

In 1968 a teenage couple was shot to death near their car in a remote area north of San Francisco one year later another couple was attacked in similar circumstances, though the male victim survived. After the 1969 attack, the killer phoned police to alert them to the crime and to take responsibility for the 1968 murders. Later that year the Zodiac killer attacked another young couple, though once again the male survived. The last known victim, a taxi driver, was shot in October 1969.

The murders were the subject of intense investigation and media coverage, particularly because of the killer’s taunting letters to newspapers and phone calls to police. His letters, sent from 1969 to 1974, were signed with a symbol resembling the crosshairs of a gunsight and typically began with the phrase, “this is the Zodiac speaking.” Included among the letters were four ciphers or cryptograms, the first of which was sent in three parts to three Bay Area newspapers in July 1969. Known as the “408 cipher” for the number of characters it contained, it was soon decoded by a pair of private citizens. Its message stated in part that, “I like killing people because it is so much fun.” Another cipher, the “340 cipher,” mailed to the San Francisco Chronicle in November 1969, was finally decoded in 2020 by a team of three amateur code breakers its message began, “I hope you are having lots of fun in trying to catch me.”

Much remains mysterious about the Zodiac case, not least the issue of when the crimes stopped. Crime writer Robert Graysmith argued that the Zodiac killer remained active through the 1980s and murdered dozens more people, though this view is controversial. During the 1990s several investigators claimed to have identified the Zodiac killer the suspect most often cited was Arthur Leigh Allen (1933–92), a Vallejo, California, schoolteacher who had been institutionalized in 1975 for child molestation, though his identification with the Zodiac killer has never been substantiated.


The Zodiac Killer -- Unsolved & Unforgotten

Oct 30, 2018 #11 2018-10-30T12:45

Oct 30, 2018 #12 2018-10-30T14:54

Scott wrote: It's honestly laughable IMO. No doubt no matter how ridiculously obviously false a "tip" is it should be scrutinized but this is completely off the wall.
Anyone that selfishly stupid enough to neglect reporting in a serial killer for a hold out is obviously not working with all the right gears in the first place but its like "yeah this one guy I kinda might know sorta" is typical of the selfishness of the proverbial villagers seeking a monster to mob or someone to scapegoat just to be part of the scene.
People just dont care who they may victimize for the sake of some notoriety or some cash off of a book or movie deal but just looking though this site that same mentality is among even us to greater and lesser extents. It like people dont even think about or care one bit whos family they drag through the mud as long and as the accusers end up in the spotlight or feel self-righteous they will do it to anyone. Good citizenship my ass.
Here are 300+ examples of just how prolific it really is.

Oct 30, 2018 #13 2018-10-30T14:56

Oct 30, 2018 #14 2018-10-30T17:20

Oct 31, 2018 #15 2018-10-31T01:47

Oct 31, 2018 #16 2018-10-31T02:20

Oct 31, 2018 #17 2018-10-31T03:52

Bolt wrote: I ran across this - I believe it was researched from the police reports by Morf.

<<There are only a couple 'PAUL''s mentioned in the unredacted police reports:

1) Stephen PAUL Haeberle- I think he was turned in by a co-worker of his. I have to check my notes, but I think he worked at Sears in SF, and he was a 1959 graduate of George Washington HS in SF. The report mentions he strongly resembles the sketch, I found a photo of him, and thought he looked more like the Berryessa sketch.

2)PAUL Eugene Corkrean- An anonymous tipster called Vallejo PD and told them that there was a Gary Corkrean living at 109 Sycamore Ct, and he resmbled the Berryessa sketch. Police called Mr Corkrean at home, and Paul Corkrean answered, and told them that he was PAUL CORKREAN and there was no Gary that lived there. Police asked him to come to the station, which he did in October, 1969. They report that he had long hair, sideburns, and a moustache and looked nothing like the sketch. Maybe this was somebody playing a joke on Paul, or maybe Z himself had a beef with him or was a neighbor and wanted to watch police knock on his door.

3)PAUL James Lesko- A group of men were standing around a horse stable when a black male told them that he knew who Zodiac was, and he told them that Zodiac was a Guy named John Zrelak. PAUL LESKO was a witness to the black male making this statement, and Lesko appears in the report as a witness. This next part is odd, and I will have to go back and see if I can find more details, but Paul Lesko, is related to a Willaim John Lesko, and I had found Paul Lesko elsewhere in my travels thru the reports. William J Lesko, resigned from his job on 4/15/74, and moved out of town. I will see if I can find more info.

Those are the only mentions of Paul that I found in the reports.>>

coincidence that wm j lesko sr (died 2000) of napa had a daughter who grew up in vallejo, graduated from vallejo's hogan high, 1970, and worked for 19 years at mare island, 12 at travis air, and died in fairfield in 2016. her brother wm. jr died in 2011. is there some significance in the comment re: paul and wm being related or wm resignation in 1974? her brother, paul james lesko just died in idaho this year.Oct. 19, 1919 - April 25, 2005
There will be no formal services held for John Zrelak Jr., 85, of Vacaville.
Inurnment will be private.
Mr. Zrelak died April 25, 2005, in his home.
Born Oct. 19, 1919, in Pennsylvania. He resided in Vacaville.
Arrangements are under the direction of Skyview Memorial Lawn.


Published in The Reporter on Apr. 27, 2005

Nov 10, 2018 #18 2018-11-10T16:48

Nov 10, 2018 #19 2018-11-10T22:33

Bolt wrote: I ran across this - I believe it was researched from the police reports by Morf.

<<There are only a couple 'PAUL''s mentioned in the unredacted police reports:

1) Stephen PAUL Haeberle- I think he was turned in by a co-worker of his. I have to check my notes, but I think he worked at Sears in SF, and he was a 1959 graduate of George Washington HS in SF. The report mentions he strongly resembles the sketch, I found a photo of him, and thought he looked more like the Berryessa sketch.

2)PAUL Eugene Corkrean- An anonymous tipster called Vallejo PD and told them that there was a Gary Corkrean living at 109 Sycamore Ct, and he resmbled the Berryessa sketch. Police called Mr Corkrean at home, and Paul Corkrean answered, and told them that he was PAUL CORKREAN and there was no Gary that lived there. Police asked him to come to the station, which he did in October, 1969. They report that he had long hair, sideburns, and a moustache and looked nothing like the sketch. Maybe this was somebody playing a joke on Paul, or maybe Z himself had a beef with him or was a neighbor and wanted to watch police knock on his door.

3)PAUL James Lesko- A group of men were standing around a horse stable when a black male told them that he knew who Zodiac was, and he told them that Zodiac was a Guy named John Zrelak. PAUL LESKO was a witness to the black male making this statement, and Lesko appears in the report as a witness. This next part is odd, and I will have to go back and see if I can find more details, but Paul Lesko, is related to a Willaim John Lesko, and I had found Paul Lesko elsewhere in my travels thru the reports. William J Lesko, resigned from his job on 4/15/74, and moved out of town. I will see if I can find more info.


Following the Blood-Soaked Footsteps of the Zodiac Killer

The Zodiac killer is one of the most elusive and unusual serial killers in American history. Known for his bizarre, rambling handwritten letters, the Zodiac sent baffling ciphers, quoted musical lyrics, taunted police, and threatened to shoot school children.

Unlike most serial killers, the Zodiac called police to report his crimes and wore a hooded costumer featuring his chosen symbol, the crossed circle. The Zodiac wounded two people and killed at least five others during the period between December 1968 and October 1969. More letters, postcards, and other clues continued until 1971 when the Zodiac disappeared.

In January 1974, the San Francisco Chronicle received another letter which hinted at suicide and described the classic horror film The Exorcist as “the best saterical comidy.” Hoax letters continued over the years, but the infamous Zodiac vanished into the history books, leaving a bloody trail of morbidly fascinating physical and visual clues.


Community Reviews

I got really interested in the Zodiac killer case after watching the 2007 film Zodiac. It was about one reporter’s relentless pursuit of the Zodiac killer for over 2 decades (With Jake Gyllenhaal, Robert Downey Jr & Mark Ruffalo & David Fincher as the director, it was one best movies I watched.)

Zodiac was a serial killer who operated in the late 1960’s, and early 1970’s (roughly from 1969-1974) and terrorised the San Francisco’s bay area of Northern California with at least 5 confirmed killings I got really interested in the Zodiac killer case after watching the 2007 film Zodiac. It was about one reporter’s relentless pursuit of the Zodiac killer for over 2 decades (With Jake Gyllenhaal, Robert Downey Jr & Mark Ruffalo & David Fincher as the director, it was one best movies I watched.)

Zodiac was a serial killer who operated in the late 1960’s, and early 1970’s (roughly from 1969-1974) and terrorised the San Francisco’s bay area of Northern California with at least 5 confirmed killings (unofficial number is as high as 37). Even after nearly 50 years, Zodiac still remains at large.

The most intriguing things about the whole case was that Zodiac repeatedly mailed letters and cryptic ciphers to local newspapers & the police as ‘clues’, in a way mocking the police to catch him if they can, by solving the puzzles.

The book is a complete transcript of the Criminology podcast with all the 12 episodes of the podcast but it also has additional commentary, crime scene photographs, original handwritten Zodiac letters, and rare police investigation files. I was skeptical about the quality of photographs & letters but their quality was excellent, even on a Kindle copy.

Each of the 12 episodes covers a different topic. The first few topics covers each of the identified Zodiac murders in depth (from the day of the murder to the movement of the victim and possible suspects). Other chapters include murders suspected to be committed by Zodiac (but not claimed by him), the various codes & ciphers used by him and the police investigation so far. It also has a chapter on some of the best books, movies and websites on Zodiac. But the highlight of the book was the chapter in which they discuss all the possible suspects in depth, including ‘pros & cons’ of each suspect.

The amount of research that has gone into this book is outstanding. From the finer details of the investigation & unknown facts to linking of previously unsolved crimes and suspects, this book has set the bar as far as books on true crime investigation goes. Another thing I liked is that the book does not attempt to solve the crime. It has put out all the facts out there and left the readers to decide for themselves. Before reading the book, I was sure who the killer could be but now I believe there are at least 2-3 highly probable suspects. In a way, it does not drive the entire narrative towards one particular suspect, like the book and the movie did.

Some may feel the format of the book is a bit dry (Every chapter is the 2 hosts discussing facts, some special guests included). But that is indeed not the case. The hosts have kept the narrative free flowing and have not allowed the conversation to drift at any point and have keep it confined strictly to the topic in hand. The conversations and the narration make the book immensely readable.

If you're interested in true crime, serial killers & the Zodiac, then this book is definitely for you. 4.5/5

Many thanks to WildBlue Press, NetGalley & the authors for the ARC . more

I think most people have some awareness of the Zodiac case of the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. This turned out to be a great book about the case based on a podcast of Criminology Podcast Season One by Mike Ferguson and Mike (Morf) Morford who host it. It’s been quite a while since I’ve read or watched anything about Zodiac but thinking I was fairly familiar with it, this book really impressed me with its thoroughness and the amount of information and pictures about the Zodiac case. There were t I think most people have some awareness of the Zodiac case of the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. This turned out to be a great book about the case based on a podcast of Criminology Podcast Season One by Mike Ferguson and Mike (Morf) Morford who host it. It’s been quite a while since I’ve read or watched anything about Zodiac but thinking I was fairly familiar with it, this book really impressed me with its thoroughness and the amount of information and pictures about the Zodiac case. There were things I didn’t remember hearing about before too. I would recommend it to anyone who is interested in learning about the Zodiac case or wants more information. It’s filled with lots of great resources and pictures and one of the hosts has a website about the Zodiac that he’s had for a long time, and is very knowledgeable on the subject. I’d recommend for any true crime fan. It sounds like it could be a very addictive topic so beware though. My thanks for the advance electronic copy that was provided by NetGalley, the authors Michael Ferguson & Michael Morford, and the publisher for my fair review.

WildBlue Press
Pub: May 24, 2018

This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I received this book for free from Netgalley in return for my honest opinion.

This book was very interesting and it caught my interest from the start. I&aposve been following the zodiac killer books and this is one of the best ones I&aposve read. The ending wasn&apost very exciting at all but I couldn&apost put the book down.

This book explains all the murders that have happened all around, that they believe to be the zodiac killer.

They had letters from the zodiac killers and they had different podcasts explainin I received this book for free from Netgalley in return for my honest opinion.

This book was very interesting and it caught my interest from the start. I've been following the zodiac killer books and this is one of the best ones I've read. The ending wasn't very exciting at all but I couldn't put the book down.

This book explains all the murders that have happened all around, that they believe to be the zodiac killer.

They had letters from the zodiac killers and they had different podcasts explaining every single murder from the late 1960's and the early 1970's.

It was very interesting to read about the podcasts and all the different facts and letters they had from the zodiac killer was very interesting for a true crime reader like me.

I very much enjoyed this book and if you're into true crime books like I am, I recommend this book. . more

Having previously reviewed The Case of the Golden State Killer by the same authors, I enjoyed that enough to pick this one up for review as well. The Zodiac Killer is one of the most famous unsolved serial murder mysteries of all time, despite the low confirmed body count (only five victims are known for certain to be Zodiac victims, although he claimed many more in his infamous letters to police and the press).

I read the two books out of order, since this is a transcript of Season One of the Cr Having previously reviewed The Case of the Golden State Killer by the same authors, I enjoyed that enough to pick this one up for review as well. The Zodiac Killer is one of the most famous unsolved serial murder mysteries of all time, despite the low confirmed body count (only five victims are known for certain to be Zodiac victims, although he claimed many more in his infamous letters to police and the press).

I read the two books out of order, since this is a transcript of Season One of the Criminology podcast and Golden State was the subject of Season Two, but I didn’t find this book nearly as satisfying. It’s just a straight transcript of the podcast, whereas the Golden State book included a lot of extra interesting commentary and material, and much more victim impact.

Possibly that last is due to a combination of factors, not least of which is that it’s almost 50 years since the Zodiac killings occurred, and 45 since the last confirmed communication by the killer. So many of the police and journalists involved in the original case have passed on. In addition, only one victim survived to tell of what happened to him and his girlfriend. Perhaps because of these factors, this reads so much more like a dry recitation of facts and speculations than the Golden State book did, despite the obvious passion the authors have for the subject.

With old DNA samples currently being worked on and compared to many databases including ancestral genealogy ones, it’s possible this case could be solved soon once and for all. To be honest, I’d probably wait until after that happens and all the dots are finally connected to pick up any Zodiac Killer book to read, including this one. Three stars for an okay read that just didn’t really grab my attention, but does a decent job of laying out everything known about the case so far.

Disclaimer: I received a copy of this book for review through NetGalley. . more

I lived the Bay Area during the time the Zodiac killer was active (absolutely convinced at one point that I knew who it was -- more on that later). The events that took place during the time the Zodiac killer terrorized the area have been covered in depth previously. I had read Robert Graysmith’s book Zodiac and was still curious . So I was happy to review a copy of The Case of the Zodiac Killer by Michael Morford and Michael Ferguson, thanks to Wild Blue Press and NetGalley, in exchange for my I lived the Bay Area during the time the Zodiac killer was active (absolutely convinced at one point that I knew who it was -- more on that later). The events that took place during the time the Zodiac killer terrorized the area have been covered in depth previously. I had read Robert Graysmith’s book Zodiac and was still curious . So I was happy to review a copy of The Case of the Zodiac Killer by Michael Morford and Michael Ferguson, thanks to Wild Blue Press and NetGalley, in exchange for my review.

TBH, I jumped in with an open mind, hoping for some new information or at least a well-written narrative. I had listened to a few podcasts about this issue…but somehow I didn’t catch that this book is actually a written presentation of the Criminology podcast’s 12-part Season 1, which was focused on the Zodiac case. So, if you are looking for a well-written book about the Zodiac, this isn’t it. If you are interested in this case and have not listened to Criminology Season 1, this will provide you a VERY complete look at this case.

It reads like a transcript, which it is. If you like audio, just listen to the podcast. If you want LOTS of detail, and prefer written format to audio, get this “book.” My personal disappointment in this is SOLELY based on my erroneous expectation…actually, more like surprise than disappointment, because it is a solid exploration of this case. Oh, and in the 1970s I was a college student in the area where the killings occurred. I knew a very strange man who had always creeped me out with his attitude of barely repressed simmering rage. One night I was in the college parking lot, got into my car to drive home (around 10:30 PM) when a car drove up behind me, and suddenly a very bright red light was shining in my rear view window. I thought it was the campus cops or local sheriff…but no, Mr. Creepy walked up to my window with his huge and overly bright flashlight, WITH RED PLASTIC COVERING IT so it looked like a police spotlight. I was sure he was the Zodiac…but, years later, after exploring the actual case, I no longer think he was really the Zodiac, but I still wouldn’t be surprised if I read that he was a serial killer. Four stars.

Note: I received a free eARC of this book from WildBlue Press and the authors through NetGalley in exchange for an honest review.

I&aposm an avid reader of true crime, and I was introduced to the Zodiac case a lot later than many people. I first dabbled with this case when I watched the 2007 film adaptation Zodiac. This was right around the time that I started becoming interested in true crime, so you can imagine my excitement when I realized that the "Crimonology" podcast series was being adapted i Note: I received a free eARC of this book from WildBlue Press and the authors through NetGalley in exchange for an honest review.

I'm an avid reader of true crime, and I was introduced to the Zodiac case a lot later than many people. I first dabbled with this case when I watched the 2007 film adaptation Zodiac. This was right around the time that I started becoming interested in true crime, so you can imagine my excitement when I realized that the "Crimonology" podcast series was being adapted into a book.

I'll be honest--I've tried listening to audio books and podcasts--I love written books. I'm slowly coming around to e-books but try as I might, I cannot get into listening to books. And therefore, I did not know about the "Crimonology" podcasts until I saw that WildBlue Press had this book in its catalog. And the moment I realized there was a book, I had to get my hands on it!

The book is written out as a transcript of the popular podcast, but one of the benefits to having the book version is that the images (photographs of victims, handwriting by the Zodiac, crime scenes, etc.) are inserted into the text so that you don't have to rely on listening to the podcast and then looking up the images. For me, I really enjoyed this layout. Even though the book is reading like a transcript, I think it worked very well and still is able to have the "feel" of a conversation between the broadcasters while also providing readers with a LOT of information about the Zodiac killer. The authors (podcasters?) have great voices too, which make it fun to read along because after several chapters (episodes) you get a sense of their voice, character, etc.

Unlike some books about the Zodiac, this series/book is NOT claiming that they've solved the Zodiac's identity--which is something that you can really appreciate if you read a lot about the Zodiac. Over the years there have been many individuals that claim they know the identity of this serial killer, but you soon find out with just a touch of research that their claims are a sham (this book actually talks a little about this towards the end). What this book DOES do is go through all of the collected evidence, lays it out for readers, and then discusses possible suspects. These suspects have been on lists for years and while even the authors have their favorite suspects, nothing is truly ruled out (unless there was a 100% sham where someone swears it was their brother or something).

It is great to have so much information put into one text, and it was great to be able to access a podcast in an adapted medium. While I know many people love podcasts, I'm a book girl--so I sincerely thank WildBlue Press for taking this project on. They've given access to something I may have missed out on otherwise!

If you're interested in serial killers, true crime, the Zodiac, unsolved crimes, or even puzzles (some of his ciphers remain unsolved!) then this is definitely something you should access if you haven't listened to the podcasts. . more

Overall: 3 stars. A book based on a transcript of a podcast that gives a matter-of-fact look at the Zodiac Killer case without a lot of speculation or conspiracy theories.

I wasn’t honestly that excited about reading a book based upon a transcript of a podcast (I’m not a fan of podcasts in general: I dislike the rambling and prefer audiobooks because it’s more scripted), but I read this because I know nothing about the Zodiac Killer beyond the David Fincher movie, and as a true crime “fan,” I dec Overall: 3 stars. A book based on a transcript of a podcast that gives a matter-of-fact look at the Zodiac Killer case without a lot of speculation or conspiracy theories.

I wasn’t honestly that excited about reading a book based upon a transcript of a podcast (I’m not a fan of podcasts in general: I dislike the rambling and prefer audiobooks because it’s more scripted), but I read this because I know nothing about the Zodiac Killer beyond the David Fincher movie, and as a true crime “fan,” I decided I should rectify that. This was the only book on the topic in my library, so here we are.

Pros: This is a rather straight-forward discussion of the Zodiac Killer cases, with the two hosts covering what’s confirmed and what’s merely theory and mostly going in a chronological fashion. I appreciated that they spent an episode/chapter on decoding the ciphers/riddles the Zodiac sent to the press: I honestly find that the most interesting thing about the crimes because it’s such unusual behavior.

Cons: There’s nothing really objective bad about this book: it’s what it says on the label and does include a lot of links and images of the letters and police documents. I just didn’t find the podcast transcript format to be all that compelling. Still, it’s a quick, straightforward read without a lot of silly conspiracy theories, so I appreciated that. . more


Victims & Attacks

At present, four separate attacks have been definitively attributed to the Zodiac Killer. The first confirmed incident took place on the night of December 20, 1968, when 17-year-old David Faraday and his 16-year-old girlfriend, Betty Lou Jensen, were shot to death near their car at a remote spot on Lake Herman Road, on the outskirts of Vallejo, California. Police were baffled, unable to determine the motive for the crime or a suspect.

Early in the morning of July 5, 1969, Darlene Ferrin, age 22, and her boyfriend, Mike Mageau, age 19, were sitting in parked car in a similarly remote Vallejo location, when they were approached by a man with a flashlight. The figure fired multiple shots at them, killing Ferrin and seriously wounding Mageau.

Within an hour of the incident, a man called the Vallejo Police Department, giving them the location of the crime scene and claiming responsibility for both that attack and the 1968 murders of Faraday and Jensen. 

Despite evidence that included fingerprints, Mageau’s description, the decoded cipher and a wave of tips and leads, police were unable to track down the Zodiac Killer.

On the evening of September 27, 1969, he struck again, approaching young couple Cecelia Shepard and Bryan Hartnell as they relaxed on an isolated part of the shore of Lake Berryessa in Napa County. Wearing a hood and a shirt bearing a circle-cross symbol, he tied them up before brutally stabbing them, scrawling a message for police on their car door and leaving the scene. He then called the Napa Police Department to claim responsibility. Shepard and Hartnell were both in critical condition but alive when emergency services arrived, but Shepard died of her wounds shortly thereafter.

Two weeks later, on October 11, 1969, the Zodiac claimed another life, shooting 29-year-old taxi driver Paul Stine in San Francisco’s Presidio Heights neighborhood. As the murder did not seem to fit the Zodiac’s pattern, it was initially deemed a robbery until the San Francisco Chronicle received a letter claiming the crime.

At least five other murders have been tentatively linked to the Zodiac Killer, including the 1963 shooting of Robert Domingos and Linda Edwards near Santa Barbara, California, and the 1966 stabbing death of college student Cheri Jo Bates in Riverside, California.