History Podcasts

Democratic Party

Democratic Party

The Democratic Party emerged under Thomas Jefferson in the 1790s in opposition to the Federalist Party. It initially drew most of its support from Southern planters and Northern farmers. Its good organization and popular appeal kept it in power for most of the time between 1825 and 1860. This included John Quincy Adams (1825-1829), Andrew Jackson (1829-37), Martin Van Buren (1837-41), James Polk (1845-49) and Franklin Pierce (1853-47). and James Buchanan (1857-61).

The Republican Party was established at Ripon, Wisconsin in 1854 by a group of former members of the Whig Party and the Free-Soil Party. Its original founders were opposed to slavery and called for the repeal of the Kansas-Nebraska and the Fugitive Slave Law. Early members thought it was important to place the national interest above sectional interest and the rights of individual States.

Over the next few years the Republican Party emerged as the main opposition party to the Democratic Party in the North. However, it had little support in the South. The party's first presidential candidate was John C. Fremont in 1856 who won 1,335,264 votes but was defeated by the Democrat, James Buchanan.

In the 1860s, Thomas Nast, of Harper's Weekly, developed the idea of the political cartoon. Nast originated the idea of using animals to represent political parties. In his cartoons the Democratic Party was a donkey and the Republican Party, an elephant.

During the presidency of James Buchanan, the Democrats split over the issue of slavery. At its convention at Charleston in April, 1860, Stephen A. Douglas was the choice of most northern Democrats but was opposed by those in the Deep South. When Douglas won the nomination, Southern delegates decided to hold another convention in Baltimore and in June selected John Beckenridge of Kentucky as their candidate. The situation was further complicated by the formation of the Constitutional Union Party and the nomination of John Bell of Tennessee as its presidential candidate.

Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election with with 1,866,462 votes (18 free states) and beat Stephen A. Douglas (1,375,157 - 1 slave state), John Beckenridge (847,953 - 13 slave states) and John Bell (589,581 - 3 slave states).

After the American Civil War the Republican Party dominated the political system. Its support of protective tariffs gained it the support of powerful industrialists and the Northern urban areas. It was also popular with Northern and Midwestern farmers and most of the immigrant groups, except for the Irish, who tended to support the Democrats. Republican presidents during this period included Ulysses Grant (1869-1877), Rutherhood Hayes (1877-1881), James Garfield (1881) and Chester Arthur (1881-1885).

Grover Cleveland managed two victories for the Democrats (1885-89 and 1893-97) and so did Woodrow Wilson (1913-23). However the Republican Party continued to be the major party during this period with victories for Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893), William McKinley (1897-1901), Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909), William Taft (1909-1913), Warren Harding (1921-1923), Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) and Herbert Hoover (1929-33).

The Democratic Party re-emerged during the Great Depression when Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected in 1932. Roosevelt became the only President to be re-elected three times and served for twelve years (1933-45). During this period the Democrats gained the support of small farmers, trade unions, liberals, blacks and other minorities. After Roosevelt's death the Democrats remained in power under Harry S. Truman (1945-53).

The Republicans selected the war hero, Dwight D. Eisenhower as its candidate in 1952. During the election the Republican Party took a strong anti-communist stance and advocated lower taxes for the rich. It also opposed civil rights legislation being proposed by the liberal Democratic candidate, Adlai Stevenson. Eisenhower won by 33,936,252 votes to 27,314,922.

Eisenhower's vice-president, Richard Nixon was narrowly defeated in 1960 by John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) who was followed by another Democrat, Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969).

The Republican Party candidate, Richard Nixon won in 1968 but was forced to resign in 1974 over the Watergate Scandal and was replaced by his vice-president, Gerald Ford (1974-1977). In 1976 Ford was defeated by Jimmy Carter (1977-1981).

How can the Union be saved? There is but one way by which it can with any certainty; and that is, by a full and final settlement, on the principle of justice of all the questions at issue between the two sections. But can this be done? Yes, easily; not by the weaker party, for it can of itself do nothing - not even protect itself - but by the stronger. The North has only to will it to accomplish it - to do justice by conceding to the South an equal right in the acquired territory, and to do her duty by causing the stipulations relative to fugitive slaves to be faithfully fulfilled and to cease the agitation of the slave question.

Stephen Douglas assumes that I am in favor of introducing a perfect social and political equality between the white and black races. These are false issues. The real issue in this controversy is the sentiment on the part of one class that looks upon the institution of slavery as a wrong, and of another class that does not look upon it as a wrong. One of the methods of treating it as a wrong is to make provision that it shall grow no larger.

The first joint debate between Douglas and Lincoln, which I attended, took place on the afternoon of August 21, 1858, at Ottawa, Illinois. It was the great event of the day, and attracted an immense concourse of people from all parts of the State.

Senator Douglas was very small, not over four and a half feet height, and there was a noticeable disproportion between the long trunk of his body and his short legs. His chest was broad and indicated great strength of lungs. It took but a glance at his face and head to convince one that they belonged to no ordinary man. No beard hid any part of his remarkable, swarthy features. His mouth, nose, and chin were all large and clearly expressive of much boldness and power of will. The broad, high forehead proclaimed itself the shield of a great brain. The head, covered with an abundance of flowing black hair just beginning to show a tinge of grey, impressed one with its massiveness and leonine expression. His brows were shaggy, his eyes a brilliant black.

Douglas spoke first for an hour, followed by Lincoln for an hour and a half; upon which the former closed in another half hour. The Democratic spokesman commanded a strong, sonorous voice, a rapid, vigorous utterance, a telling play of countenance, impressive gestures, and all the other arts of the practiced speaker.

As far as all external conditions were concerned, there was nothing in favour of Lincoln. He had a lean, lank, indescribably gawky figure, an odd-featured, wrinkled, inexpressive, and altogether uncomely face. He used singularly awkward, almost absurd, up-and-down and sidewise movements of his body to give emphasis to his arguments. His voice was naturally good, but he frequently raised it to an unnatural pitch.

Yet the unprejudiced mind felt at once that, while there was on the one side a skillful dialectician and debater arguing a wrong and weak cause, there was on the other a thoroughly earnest and truthful man, inspired by sound convictions in consonance with the true spirit of American institutions. There was nothing in all Douglas's powerful effort that appealed to the higher instincts of human nature, while Lincoln always touched sympathetic cords. Lincoln's speech excited and sustained the enthusiasm of his audience to the end.

The Democratic Party derived its strength originally from its adoption of the principles of equal and exact justice to all men. So long as it practised this principle faithfully, it was invulnerable. It became vulnerable when it renounced the principle, and since that time it has maintained itself not by virtue of its own strength, or even of its traditional merits, but because there as yet had appeared in the political field no other party that had the conscience and the courage to take up, and avow, and practice the life-inspiring principle which the Democratic Party surrendered.

At last, the Republican Party had appeared. It avows now, as the Republican Party of 1800 did, in one word, its faith and its works, "Equal and exact justice to all men." The secret of its assured success lies in that very characteristic, which in the mouth of scoffers constitutes its great and lasting imbecility and reproach. It lies in the fact that it is a party of one idea; but that idea is a noble one - an idea that fills and expands all generous souls - the idea of equality - the equality of all men before human tribunals and human laws, as they are equal before the divine tribunal and divine laws.

The right solemnly proclaimed at the birth of the States, and which has been affirmed and reaffirmed in the bills of rights of the states subsequently admitted into the Union of 1789, undeniably recognizes in the people the power to resume the authority delegated for the purposes of government. Thus the sovereign states here represented proceeded to form the Confederacy; and it is by the abuse of language that their act has been denominated revolution.


The Hidden History of the Democratic Party

The events of 2020 have shaken Americans to the core. How did we get here? To answer the question, we need to examine our nation’s past, to learn from mistakes and find solutions for issues we face today.

The Democratic party has a racist history. Though this is not disputed, they have gone to great length to hide it, by erasing it from textbooks and replacing it with misleading propaganda.

Nevertheless, it is well documented, there is even a 13 volume set of congressional investigations in the Library of Congress from 1872, titled: Report of the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the late Insurrectionary States, that details the Democratic party’s history and their connection to the KKK.

First, it’s important to point out, that calling attention to the Democratic party’s racist history isn’t a criticism of Democrat voters. They are good hearted folks, who just want a better life for their families and for their fellow Americans.

It is also not an endorsement of the political Right. Most Republican politicians of today are puppets, indebted to special interests, they are in Washington to simply enjoy their status.

1829 – the Democratic party is founded, on a platform of individual rights, state sovereignty and pro slavery.

1830 – Democratic president Andrew Jackson creates the Indian Removal Act, that forced indigenous people to leave their homeland. (Trail of Tears)

1854 – the Republican party is founded, on an anti-slavery platform.

1857 – In a case of Scott vs. Sandford, the court ruled that slaves aren’t citizens, they are property. The seven justices, voting in favor were Democrats, the two, who dissented were Republicans.

1860 – 11 slave states secede from the Union, Democrats start the civil war.

1863 – Republican president Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation.

1863 – Republicans elect their first Hispanic Governor, Romualdo Pacheco, of California.

1865 – Lincoln was assassinated, his vice president, Andrew Johnson, a Democrat assumes the presidency, who is opposed to integrating the newly freed slaves.

1865 – Republicans pass the 13th Amendment, that permanently outlaws slavery.

1865 – Democrats establish “Black Codes”, a state and local statures, intended to marginalize blacks and keep them in indentured servitude. Poll taxes and literacy tests prevented them from voting.

1865 – Confederate veterans found the KKK, to oppose the Republican party’s integration of blacks. It’s first Grand Wizard, was a Democrat, named Nathan Bedford Forrest.

The KKK lynched 3446 blacks and 1289 white Republicans during its 86 year history.

“Everyone who shoots down negroes in the streets, burns negro school-houses and meeting-houses, and murders women and children by the light of their own flaming dwellings, calls himself a Democrat. In short, the Democratic Party may be described as a common sewer and loathsome receptacle into which is emptied every element of treason, North and South, every element of inhumanity and barbarism which has dishonored the age.”

— Gov. Oliver Morton of Indiana 1860s

1868 – Republicans pass the 14th Amendment, giving blacks citizenship. It was opposed by the Democrats.

1868 – Republicans pass the 15th Amendment, giving blacks the right to vote. No Democrat supported it.

1868 – KKK Grand Wizard is honored at the Democratic National Convention.

1869 – Reconstruction ended, Democrats re-established white supremacy in the South with Jim Crow laws, that legalized segregation. that would take another 100 years to abolish.

1871 – Republican president Ulysses S Grant dismantles the KKK.

1872 – Republicans elect the first African American senators and representatives.

1878 – Republican senator Aaron Sargent introduces the 19th Amendment, to give women the right to vote. The Democrat controlled Congress voted it out.

1911 – Democrat president Woodrow Wilson stuffs his cabinet with Dixicrats (powerful Southern Democrats) and set back the cause of civil rights for decades.

1918 – KKK is re-established, targeting immigrants, Jews and Catholics, in addition to blacks.

1919 – Republican Congress passes the 19th Amendment, guaranteening women the right to vote.

1922 – Democrats try to keep lynching legal by creating a filibuster in the Senate.

1929 – Republican Octaviano Larrazolo becomes the first Mexican American Senator.

1929 – Republican Charles Curtis becomes the first Native American VP.

1939 – Democrat and KKK covergirl Margaret Sanger created the “Negro Project” and Planned Parenthood to cull the black population.

1954 – Republican lawmakers outlawed segregation in public school, opposed by state Democrats. Republican president Eisenhower sent in federal troops to enforce the law.

1959 – First Republican Asian Senator, Hiram Fong is elected.

1964 – President Johnson successfully runs an ad, titled “Confessions of a Republican”. Democrats learned that by accusing Republicans of racism, even without evidence, they can gain political power.

1964 – The Republican controlled Congress passes the 1964 Civil Rights Act, as an extension of the Republicans 1957 and 1960 Civil Rights Acts. Democratic Senators filibustered the bill for a record 75 days.

The Democratic party claims that the Republicans are the racists today, because the parties “switched”, the racist Southern Democrats became Republican in 1964. There was no “party switching”, only two Democrats became Republicans, Miles Goodwin and Thurgood Marshall, who had a change of heart. Those, who were Republicans, remained Republicans.

What changed was the Democrat’s tactics toward African Americans. By the 60’s blacks achieved political power and the Democrats realized they could no longer openly suppress their right to vote, so they decided, “if they’ll vote, they might as well vote for us.”

-“I’ll have those n****s vote Democrat for the next 200 years.”

-“These Negroes, they get pretty uppity these days and that’s a problem for us……….we’ve got to give them a little something, just enough to quiet them down, not enough to make a difference.”

Lyndon B Johnson 1963

Before 1964, Democrats regarded African Americans as violent beasts, who had no aptitude for learning. After 1964 they treated them with gentleness, kindness and sympathy, as their pets..

History books portray LBJ, as the “Great Emancipator and Civil Rights Hero”. In reality, he only supported the Civil Rights Acts, because it was politically expedient.

In private, he communicated how he was going to addict blacks to government dependence, break up their families, destroy their lives and futures and make them into worthless people.

Sadly, 50 years of democratic policies have destroyed the black family, created the worst schools for blacks, that resulted in high illiteracy and dropout rates and the “school to prison pipeline”, encouraged gang violence and other crimes in inner cities and produced generations of single parents.

Their policies were designed to keep blacks down and set them up for failure. The welfare state they implemented created dependence, a “democratic plantation”. Ceaseless propaganda is teaching young blacks a victim mentality and demoralizes them, while pretending to uplift them.

The Democratic establishment is a fraud, their underlying racist attitude toward blacks has not changed, they continue to mislead African Americans and use them for their political purposes.

The Democrats have gotten away with this for too long, they need to be exposed for what they are, for social justice to truly become reality.


Like most political parties around the world, the Democratic Party has both party symbol and color. However, both the color and the symbol are unofficial and were neither officially selected by the party official nor party members. The party’s symbol is a donkey or a jackass. Depending on which side of the political divide one is, the symbol can be interpreted either positively or negatively. To the opponents of the Democratic Party, the mascot is interpreted as lacking intelligence, strength, and often loud and stubborn yet for the Democrats, the donkey is smart, brave, and humble. Blue is considered the color of the Democratic Party while red is the color of the Republican Party. The two colors were popularized by major media houses that used them as color schemes on the electoral map.

The origin and use of a donkey as a party symbol is both interesting and controversial. Initially, the symbol was meant to mock and attack Andrew Jackson by his opponents. They insultingly referred to him as a “jackass.” Instead of becoming irritated and irked by the insults, Andrew liked the comparison and decided to use it for his political gain. He used the symbol of a donkey or jackass as his campaign symbol. His opponents continued using the donkey to represent his stubbornness even while in office, a fact that Jackson agreed with in part.


Dinesh D'Souza: The secret history of the Democratic Party

Contrary to what we learn from progressives in education and the media, the history of the Democratic Party well into the twentieth century is a virtually uninterrupted history of thievery, corruption and bigotry. American history is the story of Democratic malefactors and Republican heroes. Yes, it’s true.

I begin with Andrew Jackson. He—not Thomas Jefferson or FDR—is the true founder of the modern Democratic Party. Progressives today are divided about Jackson. Some, like historian Sean Wilentz, admire him, while others want to remove him from the $20 bill because he was a slaveowner and a vicious Indian fighter. He was, in this view, a very bad American.

I support the debunking of Jackson, but not because he was a bad American—rather, because he was a typical crooked Democrat. Jackson established the Democratic Party as the party of theft. He mastered the art of stealing land from the Indians and then selling it at giveaway prices to white settlers. Jackson’s expectation was that those people would support him politically, as indeed they did. Jackson was indeed a “man of the people,” but his popularity was that of a gang leader who distributes his spoils in exchange for loyalty on the part of those who benefit from his crimes.

Jackson also figured out how to benefit personally from his land-stealing. Like Hillary Clinton, he started out broke and then became one of the richest people in the country. How? Jackson and his partners and cronies made early bids on Indian land, sometimes even before the Indians had been evacuated from that land. They acquired the land for little or nothing and later sold it for a handsome profit. Remarkably, the roots of the Clinton Foundation can be found in the land-stealing policies of America’s first Democratic president.

The Democrats were also the party of slavery, and the slave-owning mentality continues to shape the policies of Democratic leaders today. The point isn’t that the Democrats invented slavery which is an ancient institution that far predates America. Rather, Democrats like Senator John C. Calhoun invented a new justification for slavery, slavery as a “positive good.” For the first time in history, Democrats insisted that slavery wasn’t just beneficial for masters they said it was also good for the slaves.

Today progressive pundits attempt to conceal Democratic complicity in slavery by blaming slavery on the “South.” These people have spun a whole history that portrays the slavery battle as one between the anti-slavery North and the pro-slavery South. This of course benefits Democrats today, because today the Democratic Party’s main strength is in the north and the Republican Party’s main strength is in the South.

But the slavery battle was not mainly a North-South issue. It was actually a battle between the pro-slavery Democrats and the anti-slavery Republicans. How can I make such an outrageous statement? Let’s begin by recalling that northern Democrats like Stephen Douglas protected slavery, while most southerners didn’t own slaves. (Three fourths of those who fought in the civil war on the confederate side had no slaves and weren’t fighting to protect slavery.)

Republicans, meanwhile, to one degree or another, all opposed slavery. The party itself was founded to stop slavery. Of course there were a range of views among Republicans, from abolitionists who sought immediately to end slavery to Republicans like Abraham Lincoln who recognized that this was both constitutionally and politically impossible and focused on arresting slavery’s extension into the new territories. This was the main platform on which Lincoln won the 1860 election.

The real clash was between the Democrats, north and south, who supported slavery and the Republicans across the country who opposed it. As Lincoln summarized it in his First Inaugural Address, one side believes slavery is right and ought to be extended, and the other believes it is wrong and ought to be restricted. “This,” Lincoln said, “is the only substantial dispute.” And this, ultimately, was what the Civil War was all about.

In the end, of course, Republicans ended slavery and permanently outlawed it through the Thirteenth Amendment. Democrats responded by opposing the Amendment and a group of them assassinated the man they held responsible for emancipation, Abraham Lincoln. Republicans passed the Fourteenth Amendment securing for blacks equal rights under the law, and the Fifteenth Amendment giving blacks the right to vote, over the Democrats’ opposition.

Confronted with these irrefutable facts, progressives act like the lawyer who is presented with the murder weapon belonging to his client. Darn, he says to himself, I better think fast. “Yes,” he now admits, “my client did murder the clerk and rob the store. But he didn’t kill all those other people who were also found dead at the scene.”

In other words, progressives who are forced to acknowledge the Democratic Party’s pro-slavery history promptly respond, “We admit to being the party of slavery, and we did uphold the institution for more than a century, but slavery ended in 1865, so all of this was such a long time ago. You can’t blame us now for the antebellum wrongs of the Democratic Party.”

Yes, but what about the postbellum crimes of the Democratic Party? From Democratic support for slavery, let’s turn to the party’s complicity in segregation and the Ku Klux Klan. Democrats in the 1880s invented segregation and Jim Crow laws that lasted through the 1960s. Democrats also came up with the “separate but equal” rationale that justified segregation and pretended that it was for the benefit of African Americans.

The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee by a group of former confederate soldiers its first grand wizard was a confederate general who was also a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. The Klan soon spread beyond the South to the Midwest and the West and became, in the words of historian Eric Foner, “the domestic terrorist arm of the Democratic Party.”

The main point of the Klan’s orgy of violence was to prevent blacks from voting—voting, that is, for Republicans. Leading Democrats including at least one president, two Supreme Court justices, and innumerable Senators and Congressmen were Klan members. The last one, Robert Byrd, died in 2010 and was eulogized by President Obama and former President Bill Clinton.

The sordid history of the Democratic Party in the early twentieth century is also married to the sordid history of the progressive movement during the same period. Progressives like Margaret Sanger—founder of Planned Parenthood and a role model for Hillary Clinton—supported such causes as eugenics and social Darwinism. While abortion was not an issue in Sanger’s day, she backed forced sterilization for “unfit” people, notably minorities. Sanger’s Negro Project was specifically focused on reducing the black population.

Progressives also led the campaign to stop poor immigrants from coming to this country. They championed laws in the 1920s that brought the massive flows of immigration to this country to a virtual halt. The motives of the progressives were openly racist and and in the way the immigration restrictions were framed, progressives succeeded in broadening the Democratic Party’s target list of minority groups.

While the Democratic Party previously singled out blacks and native Indians, progressives showed Democrats how to suppress all minorities. Included in the new list were Central and South American Hispanics as well as Eastern and Southern Europeans. Many of these people were clearly white but progressives did not consider white enough. Like blacks, they were considered “unfit” on the basis of their complexion.

During the 1920s, progressives developed a fascination with and admiration for Italian and German fascism, and the fascists, for their part, praised American progressives. These were likeminded people who spoke the same language, and progressives and fascists worked together to implement programs to sterilize so-called mental defectives and “unfit” people, resulting subsequently in tens of thousands of forced sterilizations in America and hundreds of thousands in Nazi Germany.

During the 1930s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent members of his brain trust to Europe to study fascist economic programs, which he considered more advanced that anything his New Deal had implemented to date. FDR was enamored with Mussolini, whom he called the “admirable Italian gentleman.” Some Democrats even had a soft spot for Hitler: young JFK went to Germany before World War II and praised Hitler as a “legend” and blamed hostility to the Nazis as jealousy resulting from how much the Nazis had accomplished.

Yes, I know. Very little of this is known by people today because progressives have done such a good job of sweeping it all under the rug. This material is simply left out of the textbooks even though it is right there in the historical record. Some progressive pundits know about it, but they don’t want to talk about it.

Indeed many progressives have been working hard to come up with lies that can be passed off as facts. Progressives have a whole cultural contingent—Hollywood, the mainline media, the elite universities, even professional comedians—to peddle their propaganda. From the television show Madame Secretary to the front page of the New York Times to nightly quips by Stephen Colbert, the progressive bilge comes at us continually and relentlessly.

In this bogus narrative, Republicans are the bad guys because Republicans opposed the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. For progressive Democrats, the civil rights movement is the canonical event of American history. It is even more important than the American Revolution. Progressive reasoning is: we did this, so it must be the greatest thing that was ever done in America. Republicans opposed it, which makes them the bad guys.

The only problem is that Republicans were instrumental—actually indispensable—in getting the Civil Rights Laws passed. While Lyndon Johnson pushed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the backing of some northern Democrats, Republicans voted in far higher percentages for the bill than Democrats did. This was also true of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Neither would have passed with just Democratic votes. Indeed, the main opposition to both bills came from Democrats.

Interestingly enough the GOP is not merely the party of minority rights but also of women’s rights. Republicans included women’s suffrage in the party’s platform as early as 1896. The first woman elected to Congress was Republican Jeanette Rankin in 1916. That year represented a major GOP push for suffrage, and after the GOP regained control of Congress, the Nineteenth Amendment granting women’s suffrage was finally approved in 1919 and ratified by the states the following year.

The inclusion of women in the 1964 Civil Rights Act was, oddly enough, the work of group of racist, chauvinist Democrats. Led by Democratic Congressman Howard Smith of Virginia, this group was looking to defeat the Civil Rights Act. Smith proposed to amend the legislation and add “sex” to “race” as a category protected against discrimination.

Smith’s Democratic buddies roared with laughter when he offered his one-word amendment. They thought it would make the whole civil rights thing so ridiculous that no sane person would go along with it. One scholar noted that Smith’s amendment “stimulated several hours of humorous debate” among racist, chauvinist Democrats. But to their amazement, the amended version of the bill passed. It bears repeating that Republicans provided the margin of victory that extended civil rights protection both to minorities and to women.

This article is excerpted from Dinesh D’Souza’s new book Hillary’s America, which was published this month by Regnery and is accompanied by a film of the same name that opened in theaters nationwide on July 22.


A Short History of the Democratic Party

At the second Democratic Party debate, presidential hopeful Tulsi Gabbard attacked Kamala Harris’s record as Attorney General. Citing Harris’s extension of prison sentences to create a source of unpaid labor and her history of seeking harsher penalties, Gabbard concluded that Harris should be barred from the Democratic nomination. However, far from disqualifying Harris, a look at the Democratic Party’s history shows that she is more in line with its founding principles than any of its self-proclaimed progressive or socialist candidates.

The Democratic Party was formed around the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828. Its platform was mainly a negative one in the sense that it was “against” big government and progressive reforms—such as the abolition of slavery. Instead, it presented itself as the champion of “individual liberty”—starting with the liberty to own slaves. Demagogically posing as the party of the “common man,” Democrats gained the support of impoverished farmers by freeing up land through the violent persecution of Native Americans and immigrants.

The party had its first major split just before the Civil War. Northern and Southern Democrats battled over the expansion of slavery and nominated two different candidates for president in 1860—resulting in the victory of the upstart Republican, Abraham Lincoln. Following the defeat of its pro-slavery apologist-for-the-Confederacy candidate in 1864, the party sought to rebrand itself. Keen to obscure the party’s support of slavery and secession, it shifted its focus to economic expansion and a “New Departure.” This pivot failed, and Democrats were out of the White House for sixteen years, only winning thanks again to support from anti-Reconstruction Southern capitalists and the disenfranchisement of former slaves.

At the second Democratic Party debate, presidential hopeful Tulsi Gabbard attacked Kamala Harris’s record as Attorney General. / Image: Steve Rhodes via Flickr

A major financial crisis resulted in another split in 1896, and a Democrat was not elected to the presidency again until 1912. Woodrow Wilson, a white supremacist and KKK supporter, attempted to shift the party again, supporting reforms including women’s suffrage. But this proved unsuccessful, and the party was again out of power from 1921–33.

During this period of demoralization, the party sought to win working-class votes by cynically standing against privilege and aristocracy. That their earlier policy had been to use violence in the service of wealthy Southerners and the party machines of Northern cities was overlooked. FDR, the next Democratic president, campaigned on a ticket of reform and economic regulation. His “New Deal” served to stave off the revolutionary overthrow of US capitalism by offering a few concessions to the workers. But these policies could not square the circle of capitalism’s inherent contradictions.

What eventually got the US out of the Great Depression was the slaughter of World War II. Nevertheless, FDR has been held up by progressive Democrats as “proof” that their party can serve as a vehicle for progressive politics—never mind that “progressivism” is a function of bourgeois, not revolutionary working-class politics. Far from ending the evils of capitalism, FDR’s maneuvers allowed it to exploit and oppress another day.

After FDR’s death, Harry Truman’s attempt to continue Roosevelt’s reforms were defeated by Southern Democrats. Only collaboration with Republicans on anticommunist policy secured his reelection in 1948. Following a landslide defeat in 1952, the party regained control of Congress by “bargaining” with Southern Democrats—i.e., selling out black Americans yet again. These powerful Southern Democrats, in coalition with conservative Republicans since FDR’s second term, worked to block progressive legislation well into the 1970s.

The next Democratic president, JFK, continued Truman’s anti-communist policy but saw most of his progressive legislation, including civil rights and desegregation, blocked by the coalition. Under the pressure of the mass civil rights movement, these measures were eventually passed by Lyndon Johnson in the face of stiff opposition by his own party. In this same period, the openly racist George Wallace was twice elected governor of Alabama as a Democrat. Wallace then split Democratic votes with a nearly successful third-party campaign in 1968, running against federal desegregation.

The Democrats lost to Nixon again in 1972, only winning in 1976 thanks to Watergate and another financial crisis. Jimmy Carter deregulated industries brought under federal control by the New Deal and failed to implement his promised reforms. His policies paved the way for twelve years of Reagan and Bush Sr., which dovetailed nicely with the equally reactionary policies of Bill Clinton.

Clinton continued Carter’s deregulation and Reagan’s free-market “reforms” while pandering to the party’s “progressive” image. Called the “first black president” by novelist Toni Morrison, Clinton appealed to conservative white voters by attacking welfare—a dog whistle for racism. During their sojourn in the Arkansas governor’s mansion in the 1980s, the Clintons had “employed” unpaid prisoners as domestic servants. In It Takes a Village, Hillary Clinton glibly remarked that her household staff was made up of “African-American men in their thirties.” Bill Clinton’s policies led to the mass incarceration of millions, expanding the pool of unpaid labor and unleashing the multibillion-dollar prison-industrial complex.

But two terms of betrayed aspirations and the DNC’s maneuvering against Bernie Sanders led directly to the election of Donald Trump. / Image: Public Domain

In 2008, after eight years of Bush Jr., and during the worst economic crisis in decades, Obama’s message of “hope and change” led to a landslide election. But two terms of betrayed aspirations and the DNC’s maneuvering against Bernie Sanders led directly to the election of Donald Trump. Lesser-evil politics means that “evil” is always in the saddle.

The Democratic Party has changed its face many times. Under mass working-class pressure from below, it has passed some of the most progressive reforms in American history. But it has also done everything in its power to block such reforms or nullify them through later rollbacks. While the Democratic electoral base has moved geographically and demographically, its core interests have always remained the same: defense of the private property of the wealthy.

In the absence of a mass working-class party, progressives can become popular in the party and have done so many times. But this has only ever served as effective “bait” for a later “switch” in defense of the rule of capital. The only way for the working class to fight for a new system is through a party that is not rooted in capitalism. To finally escape the endless cycle of Democrat-Republican ping-pong and worsening crises, we must build a mass party based on the workers with a socialist program to transform society.


Democrat Party of Racism, Want Proof?

The Democratic Party was the party of Segregation [Jim Crow laws].

The Democratic Party was the party of Strom Thurmond, Lester Maddox, George Wallace, Robert Byrd to mention but a few, and the “Dixiecrats” who fought against integration.

DEMOCRAT POLICIES DESTROYED BLACK FAMILIES

The policies put forth by the Democratic Party — welfare, Food Stamps, government oversight into families have destroyed the Black families in America, making them dependent on government over self-reliance.

In 1965 in the black family, the out-of-wedlock birthrate was 25 percent among blacks.

In 1991, 68 percent of Black children were born outside of marriage.

In 2011, 72% of Black babies were born to unwed mothers.

In 2015, 77.3 percent of non-immigrant black births were illegitimate.

More than three-quarters of African American births are to unmarried women, nearly double the illegitimacy rate of all other births, according to new federal data.

The National Center for Health Statistics said that in 2015, 77.3 percent of non-immigrant Black births were illegitimate.

The national non-immigrant average is 42 percent, and it was 30 percent for whites.

The Federal Government has taken over the parenting roll in most Black families.

Those on welfare, SNAP along with the other Federal benefits are trapped in this dependent situation.

Since 1973 19 almost 20 million Black babies have been terminated through abortion.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg 2009 NY Times interview about Roe Vs.Wade: “Frankly I had thought that at the time Roe was decided, there was concern about population growth and particularly growth in populations that we don’t want to have too many of.”

Martin Luther King Jr’s name is dragged out whenever his words help prove a point for the Democrats. They claim that he was once a recipient of an award by planned parenthood.
What is neglected to add is the fact that, at that time P.P. was opposed to abortion.

In 2017 Planned Parenthood honored Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. with a tweet saying “On Martin Luther King, Jr. day, we celebrate the man who dedicated his life to ending oppression.”

Pro-life activists have long argued that King, a devoutly Christian minister, was against abortion and would be active in opposing Roe v. Wade, a decision that was delivered several years after his assassination. King never directly addressed the topic of abortion during his life.

Pro-abortion activists often point to the fact that King accepted an award from Planned Parenthood in 1966, but it’s important to point out that at the time of that award, even Planned Parenthood was officially against abortion.

In 1952, P.P. made the distinction between birth control (which they advocated) and abortion: “Is birth control abortion? Definitely not. An abortion kills the life of a baby after it has begun. It is dangerous to your life and health. It may make you sterile so that when you want a child you cannot have it. Birth control merely postpones the beginning of life.”

MLK Jr. once said: “The Negro cannot win as long as he is willing to sacrifice the lives of his children for comfort and safety.” How can the “Dream” survive if we murder the children? Every aborted baby is like a slave in the womb of his or her mother. The mother decides his or her fate.”

The NAACP has become little more than an arm of the Democratic [PROGRESSIVE] Party

It should be noted that the founding of the NAACP, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans, has failed to “practice what they preach” at nearly every turn.

They routinely condemn Black Conservative and Black Republicans.

The following four individuals (white Liberal Republicans) who played significant roles of leadership, influence, and outcome within the organization and the African American community itself.

Mary Ovington White- joined the Republican Party in 1905 NAACP founder and executive secretary.

Morefield Storey- First president of the NAACP the primary battle was against American imperialism.

Joel Spingarn- Second president of the NAACP a liberal Republican who became a Progressive.

John Dewey- an influential member of the board known as the Father of Progressive Education.


History Of The Democratic Party

One of the two major political parties in the US is the Democratic Party. With its roots being traced back to the late 18th Century Democratic Party has arguably been the most important party in US history. The Democratic Party dominated US politics at the national level between 1828 and 1860 and again from 1932 to 1968, and a majority of American voters still identify as Democrats today even though the Party has lost ground in many areas of the country over the past 50 years. Here is a brief overview of the history of the Democratic Party.

Before the Democratic Party

The Federalist and Democratic-Republican Parties participated in spirited debates regarding the direction of the young country during the late 18th and early 19th Centuries.

After the U.S. Constitution came into effect in 1789, the voters and elected officials divided into two rival political factions. The first such group was the Federalist Party, which favored a strong and active federal government ruled by a wealthy elite. The second group was the Democratic-Republican Party, which advocated dispersing power more broadly among white male property owners. By the time of the 1824 Presidential Election, the Federalists Party mostly collapsed, leaving the Democratic-Republican Party as the only remaining political party in the US.

During the 1820s new states entered the union, voting laws were relaxed, and several states passed legislation that provided for the direct election of presidential electors by voters. These changes split the Democratic-Republicans into factions, each of which nominated a candidate in the presidential election of 1824. The party’s congressional caucus chose William H. Crawford of Georgia, but Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, the leaders of the party’s two most significant factions also sought the presidency. House Speaker Henry Clay was nominated by the Kentucky and Tennessee legislatures. Jackson won a majority of the popular and electoral vote, but no candidate received the necessary majority in the electoral college. When the election went to the House of Representatives, Clay threw his support to Adams, who won the House vote and subsequently appointed Clay secretary of state.

Andrew Jackson is the father of the modern Democratic Party.

Despite Adams’s victory, differences between the Adams and the Jackson factions persisted. Adams’s supporters, representing Eastern interests and progressive economic and social policies, called themselves the National Republicans. Jackson, whose strength was in the South and West, referred to his followers as Democrats. The Jacksonian branch advocated economic populism, social conservatism, and rural values. Jackson defeated Adams in the 1828 presidential election by a landslide and soon began to implement his right-wing, populist agenda (which was in many ways similar to the modern-day “Tea-Party” movement in the Republican Party and is cited by President Donald Trump as an inspiration for his policies). In 1832 in Baltimore, Maryland, the Democrats nominated Jackson for a second term as President, drafted a party platform, and established a rule that required party presidential and vice presidential nominees to receive the votes of at least two-thirds of the national convention delegates, thus establishing the Convention System, which nominated all Presidential candidates between 1832 and 1976.

Growth & Decline of the Democratic Party

From 1828 to 1856 the Democrats won all Presidential elections except 1840 and 1848 and controlled Congress with substantial majorities. As the 1840s and 1850s progressed, the Democratic Party suffered internal strains over the issue of extending slavery to the Western territories. Southern Democrats wanted to allow slavery in all the areas of the country, while Northern Democrats proposed that each territory should decide the question for itself through a public vote. The issue split the Democrats at their 1860 presidential convention, where Southern Democrats nominated Vice President John C. Breckinridge, and Northern Democrats nominated Senator Stephen Douglas. The 1860 election also included John Bell, the nominee of the Constitutional Union Party, and Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate. With the Democrats split, Lincoln was elected president with only about 40 percent of the national vote.

American Presidential elections during the late 19th Century were split based on ethnic, regional, and ideological lines.

The election of 1860 is regarded by most political observers as the first of the country’s three “critical” elections—contests that produced sharp yet enduring changes in party loyalties across the country. It established the Democratic and Republican parties, which represented the right and left of the political spectrum respectively. In federal elections from the 1870s to the 1890s, the parties were evenly split except in the South, where the Democrats dominated because most whites blamed the Republican Party for both the American Civil War and Reconstruction. The two parties controlled Congress for almost equal periods through the rest of the 19th century, though the Democratic Party held the presidency only during the two terms of Grover Cleveland (1885–89 and 1893–97).

A Shift Towards Progressivism

The Democratic Party began to move to the left during the 1896 Presidential Election with the nomination of former Nebraska Congressman William Jennings Bryan. In contrast to prior Democratic nominees, Bryan advocated a progressive platform meant to counter the growing power of economic elites and return some semblance of stability to the common man. Even though Bryan ultimately lost to Republican William McKinley, his nomination resulted in a permanent realignment of both political parties on economic policy. The progressive trend within the Democratic Party continued under President Woodrow Wilson (1913-21). Wilson championed various liberal economic reforms, such as federal banking regulation, child labor laws, the break up of business monopolies, and pure food and drug regulations.

The peak of the Modern Democratic Party

President Roosevelt is credited with reviving the Democratic Party during the 1930s and 1940s.

The stock market crash of 1929 and the subsequent start of the Great Depression was the primary catalyst for the Democratic Party revival of the mid-20th Century. Led by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democrats not only regained the presidency but also replaced the Republicans as the majority party. Through his political skills and his sweeping New Deal social programs, Roosevelt forged a broad coalition including small farmers, some ethnic minorities, organized labor, urban dwellers, liberals, intellectuals, and reformers that enabled the Democratic Party to retain the presidency until 1952 and to control both houses of Congress for most of the period from the 1930s to the mid-1990s. Roosevelt was reelected in 1936, 1940, and 1944 and was the only president to be elected to more than two terms. Upon his death in 1945, Roosevelt was succeeded by Vice President Harry S. Truman, who was narrowly elected in 1948. The only Republican President during this period was Dwight D. Eisenhower, the former Supreme Allied Commander during World War II and a largely liberal Republican.

Despite having overwhelming control over the American political system, the Democratic Party began to witness divisions regarding the issue of civil rights during the 1930s. Northern Democrats mostly favored federal civil rights reforms, whereas Southern Democrats expressed violent opposition to such proposals. As the 1950s progressed, many Southern Democrats Senators such as future President Lyndon Johnson (TX), Estes Kefauver (TN), Claude Pepper (FL), and Ralph Yarborough (TX) began to embrace the idea of civil rights and sought to push the Democratic Party to take a firm stance in favor of the issue. After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, President Lyndon Johnson took charge on civil rights and pushed Congress to pass the previously-stalled Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. These efforts led to another realignment in American politics that resulted in the Republican Party gaining ground with Southern Whites and the Democratic Party cementing its support amongst minority voters and liberal voters in the Northeast and West Coast.

The New Democratic Party

The Democratic Party under President Bill Clinton moved to the right on economic issues and to the left on social issues.

By the late 1960s, the extended period of Democratic Party domination was coming to an end. With the party split over issues such as the Vietnam War, civil rights, and the proper role of government, Republican candidate Richard Nixon was able to defeat Vice President Hubert Humphrey and independent segregationist candidate George Wallace by a comfortable margin. Despite retaining control over both houses of Congress until 1994, the Democratic Party lost 6 out of the 9 Presidential elections between 1968 and 2004. To regain support at the Presidential level and capitalize on public dissatisfaction (particularly in the Northeast and West Coast) at the continuing rightward drift of the Republican Party, the Democratic Party started to move towards the political center during the late 1980s and 1990s. Under the leadership of President Bill Clinton (1993-2001), the Democratic Party adopted neo-liberal economic policies such as free trade advocacy, support for targeted tax cuts, and fiscal conservatism. Additionally, the Democratic Party during this period began to move towards the left on social issues such as gay rights, abortion, and the role of religion to gain ground in the mostly secular Northeast and West Coast. Even though these policies endeared the Democratic Party to numerous voting groups, they negatively impacted Democratic chances in the Appalachian and Ozarks regions in the South, parts of the Midwest, and in the Great Plains states.

Future of the Democratic Party

In the 2016 Presidential Election, Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by almost 3 million but ended up losing the electoral vote by a close margin. These results reveal that the Democratic Party is regaining its status as the nations majority party, albeit with an entirely different coalition of voters. Additionally, Clinton performed strongly in several typically-Republican states such as Texas, Utah, Georgia, Arizona, and North Carolina. Perhaps these results indicate a new trend that will allow the Democratic Party to gain control of the Southwest and some of the more cosmopolitan Southern states.


20 Of The Most Embarrassing Moments In The History Of The Democrat Party

1) The Trail of Tears (1838): The first Democrat President, Andrew Jackson and his successor Martin Van Buren, herded Indians into camps, tormented them, burned and pillaged their homes and forced them to relocate with minimal supplies. Thousands died along the way.

2) Democrats Cause The Civil War (1860): The pro-slavery faction of the Democrat Party responded to Abraham Lincoln's election by seceding, which led to the Civil War.

3) Formation of the KKK (1865): Along with 5 other Confederate veterans, Democrat Nathan Bedford Forrest created the KKK.

4) 300 Black Americans Murdered (1868): "Democrats in Opelousas, Louisiana killed nearly 300 blacks who tried to foil an assault on a Republican newspaper editor."

5) The American Protective League and The Palmer Raids (1919-1921): Under the leadership of Woodrow Wilson, criticizing the government became a crime and a fascist organization, the American Protective League was formed to spy on and even arrest fellow Americans for being insufficiently loyal to the government. More than 100,000 Americans were arrested, with less than 1% of them ever being found guilty of any kind of crime.

6) Democrats Successfully Stop Republicans From Making Lynching A Federal Crime (1922): "The U.S. House adopted Rep. Leonidas Dyer’s (R., Mo.) bill making lynching a federal crime. Filibustering Senate Democrats killed the measure."

7) The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment (1932-1972): Contrary to what you may have heard, Democrats in Alabama did not give black Americans syphilis. However, the experimenters did know that subjects of the experiment unknowingly had syphilis and even after it was proven that penicillin could be used to effectively treat the disease in 1947, the experiments continued. As a result, a number of the subjects needlessly infected their loved ones and died, when they could have been cured.

8) Japanese Internment Camps (1942): Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order that led to more than 100,000 Japanese Americans being put into "bleak, remote camps surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards."

9) Alger Hiss Convicted Of Perjury (1950): Hiss, who helped advise FDR at Yalta and was strongly defended by the Left, turned out to be a Soviet spy. He was convicted of perjury in 1950 (Sadly, the statute of limitations on espionage had run out), but was defended by liberals for decades until the Verona papers proved so conclusively that he was guilty that even most his fellow liberals couldn't continue to deny it.

10) The West Virgina Democrat primary is rigged by John F. Kennedy (1960): From an interview with the late, great Robert Novak.

John Hawkins: You also said that without question, John F. Kennedy rigged the West Virginia Democratic primary in (1960), but that the Wall Street Journal killed the story. Do you think that sort of thing is still occurring with great regularity and do you wish the Journal had reported the story when it happened?

Robert Novak: In my opinion, they should have. They sent two reporters down to West Virginia for six weeks and they came back with a carefully documented story on voter fraud in West Virginia, buying votes, and how he beat Humphrey in the primary and therefore got the nomination. But, Ed Kilgore, the President of Dow Jones and publisher of the Wall Street Journal, a very conservative man, said it wasn’t the business of the Wall Street Journal to decide the nominee of the Democratic Party and he killed the story. That story didn’t come out for many, many years — 30-40 years. It was kept secret all that time.

11) The Bay of Pigs (1961): After training a Cuban militia to overthrow Castro, Kennedy got cold feet and didn't give the men all the air support they were promised. As a result, they were easily defeated by Castro's men and today, Cuba is still ruled by a hostile, anti-American dictatorship.

12) Fire Hoses And Attack Dogs Used On Children (1963): Birmingham, Alabama's notorious Commissioner of Public Safety, Democrat Bull Connor, used attack dogs and fire hoses on children and teenagers marching for civil rights. Ultimately, thousands of them would also be arrested.

13) Stand In The Schoolhouse Door (1963): Democrat George Wallace gave his notorious speech against integrating schools at the University of Alabama in which he said, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever."

14) Escalation In Vietnam (1964): Lyndon Johnson dramatically escalated our troops’ presence in Vietnam while he simultaneously put political restrictions in place that made the war unwinnable. As a result, 58,000 Americans died in a war that ultimately achieved none of its aims.

15) Chappaquiddick (1969): The Democrats’ beloved "Liberal Lion" of the Senate, Ted Kennedy ran off the road into a tidal pool with passenger Mary Jo Kopechne in the car. Kennedy swam free and then spent 9 hours plotting how he would reveal the news to the press while she slowly suffocated to death.

16) Democrats Deliver South Vietnam To The North (1975): "In 1975, when there were no Americans left in Vietnam, the left wing of the Democratic Party killed the government of South Vietnam, cut off all of its funding, cut off all of its ammunition, and sent a signal to the world that the United States had abandoned its allies." -- Newt Gingrich

17) The Iranian Hostage Crisis (1979-1981): 52 Americans were held hostage by the government of Iran for 444 days. After Jimmy Carter’s disastrous, failed rescue attempt, the hostages were finally released after Ronald Reagan's inaugural address.

18) Bill Clinton turns down Osama Bin Laden (1996): In Bill Clinton's own words, "'Mr. bin Laden used to live in Sudan. He was expelled from Saudi Arabia in 1991, then he went to Sudan. And we’d been hearing that the Sudanese wanted America to start meeting with them again. They released him. At the time, 1996, he had committed no crime against America so I did not bring him here because we had no basis on which to hold him, though we knew he wanted to commit crimes against America.' — Bill Clinton explains to a Long Island, N.Y., business group why he turned down Sudan’s offer to extradite Osama Bin Laden to America in 1996." Had Bill Clinton accepted Sudan's offer, 9/11 would have likely never happened.

19) Bill Clinton was impeached (1998): Clinton became only the 2nd President in American history to be impeached after he lied under oath about his affair with Monica Lewinsky.

20) America loses its AAA credit rating (2011): The United States was first given its AAA credit in 1917, but it couldn’t survive Barack Obama's record breaking spending. In 2011, America lost its AAA credit rating.


Civics Lesson: History of the Democratic Party

The Democratic Party traces its origins back to 1792, when supporters of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison—who favored decentralized, limited government—formed a party, the Democratic-Republicans. The Democratic-Republicans were opponents of the Federalists (including George Washington and John Adams), who favored a strong central government and a national banking system. In 1828, Senator Martin van Buren built a new organization, the Democratic Party, to back Andrew Jackson in the highly controversial 1824 election.

In the mid-1800s, the Democratic Party came to dominate the South because, in what is not exactly a shining moment in the party’s history, Southern Democrats strongly favored slavery. But as the 19th century ended, Republicans had become known as the party of big business, while Democrats were identified with rural farming and conservative values. It was 1896 Democratic presidential nominee William Jennings Bryan, whose advocacy for bigger government to ensure social justice, cost him the election but shaped the party’s platform going forward.

The Great Depression established Democrats as the progressive party: Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal brought the nation out of financial chaos and began an era of Democratic dominance that would last for almost 60 years. Although the Democratic Party’s values have shifted well to the right since then, it is still known as the party that values social and economic justice and government intervention to ensure equal opportunity for all.

Photo: Thomas Jefferson, one of the founders of the Democratic-Republican party (public domain)

Democrat Woodrow Wilson, who served as president from 1912 to 1920, is widely regarded by historians as one of the nation’s greatest presidents because of his advocacy for democracy and world peace. Among Wilson’s accomplishments are the creation of the Labor Department in the Cabinet and the workers’ compensation program. In the finance and banking arena, Wilson signed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and the Farm Loan Bank Act into law. He is also credited with the establishment of the Federal Reserve Bank. He also signed into law the 19th Amendment, granting women the right to vote.

Franklin D. Roosevelt, arguably the most famous of the Democratic presidents, is renowned for the New Deal, which lifted the U.S. out of a six-year depression by creating jobs through the Civilian Conservation Corps and other employment programs. He signed minimum wage and unemployment compensation legislation into law and is responsible for the National Labor Relations Act. He signed the Social Security Act into law, allowing some level of income security for elderly Americans, and signed the Securities Exchange Act, which requires companies to file detailed annual reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission in order to have their securities publicly traded on the stock exchanges. Roosevelt also established the Farmers Home Administration and the Rural Electrification Administration. He was one of the principal parties in the establishment of the United Nations after World War II. Finally, Roosevelt signed the GI Bill of Rights, which established low-interest home loan programs and college benefits for veterans.

Democrat Harry Truman signed the Federal Loan Housing Act, established the Fulbright-Hughes Scholarship program, and signed the Rural Telephone Act, ensuring that Americans all across the country had access to the telephone. Truman was one of the signatories of the Marshall Plan, an aid package to European nations that had been devastated by World War II, and one of the national leaders who established NATO, a mutual protection pact between nations who were threatened by the expansion of Soviet Communism.

John F. Kennedy laid the groundwork for many accomplishments by Democratic administration. He also established the Peace Corps, whose mission was to combat communism by bringing young adults from America to developing nations to engage in tasks ranging from teaching English to building homes and wells. Kennedy’s VISTA (Volunteers In Service to America) program was “the domestic Peace Corps,” working toward educational equality and resource availability for underserved urban and rural communities.

Lyndon B. Johnson, who inherited the presidential seat when Kennedy was assassinated and then won election in his own right, is responsible for signing numerous pieces of landmark legislation including the Civil Rights Act, outlawing discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin and the Voting Rights Act, making it illegal to discriminate against people of color in the voting process. He also established the Head Start program and the Medicare and Medicaid programs to ensure that the elderly and the poor could receive adequate medical care.

Democrat Jimmy Carter established the Federal Emergency Management Agency. He created the Department of Education and the Department of Energy and negotiated the Camp David Accords, which led to the signing of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. Carter was also responsible for renegotiating the Panama Canal treaty in ways that were favorable for America.

Bill Clinton was responsible for signing several laws we take for granted today—the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Earned Income Tax Credit. Clinton also established the National Voter Registration Act (also known as the “Motor Voter” act), which requires state governments to offer voter registration to people who apply for or renew their driver’s license or apply for public assistance.

Democrat Barack Obama is best known for the Affordable Care Act which, although it didn’t do everything he hoped healthcare reform would do, did require insurance companies to cover people with pre-existing conditions and established “exchanges” where individuals could purchase high-quality health insurance at an affordable price. He also signed the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, the Caregivers and Veterans Omnibus Health Services Act, and a nuclear arms reduction pact with Russia.

No party is as pure as people would like to believe it is. The Democrats definitely have a checkered history, but overall, Democratic presidents have led many reform efforts and created many programs that we still hold sacred even today.


Sources

1968 Democratic Convention [Documentary.] YouTube.
1968: Hippies, Yippies and the First Mayor Daley. The Chicago Tribune.
Chicago �: A Chronology. Chicago 68.
An Excerpt From: Rights in Conflict: The violent confrontation of demonstrators and police in the parks and streets of Chicago during the week of the Democratic National Convention of 1968. Chicago 68.
A Look Back at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. MSNBC.
Brief History of 1968’s Democratic National Convention. CNN All Politics.
‘Police Riot’ at the Democratic National Convention. World History Project.
Riots Erupt at the Democratic National Convention. World History Project.


Watch the video: . Presidential Elections 1789-2012 (January 2022).