|February||Popular Front won national elections and Azana|
was appointed president of Spain.
|March||The right wing Falange Party was banned.|
|March to May||Street riots; strikes and general anarchy in some|
parts of Spain.
|July||Military uprisings in Spanish Morocco and some|
parts of mainland Spain. The government dissolves the regular army. July
19th, Franco arrives
to take command of the army in Morocco.
Hitler agreed to help out the Nationalists.
|August||First International Brigade volunteers arrived in|
|September||A military junta named Franco|
as head of state and c-in-c of the armed forces of Spain.
|October||The first aid from Russia arrives for the|
|November||Germany and Italy recognise Franco|
as head of Spain's government.
|February||Nationalists started a major offensive against|
Madrid. International Brigade played an important part in resisting this
|March||Battle of Guadalajara. Italian|
“volunteers” defeated. This led to Franco
abandoning any attempt to take Madrid.
|April||Guernica destroyed by aerial bombing.|
|May||Republican groups in Barcelona fell out causing|
serious weaknesses in the city.
|June||The strategic city of Bilboa fell to the|
|August||The Vatican recognised Franco's regime.|
|April||Republican Spain was split in two by the|
|May||Franco declared that the Republicans had to|
|July||Start of the collapse of the Republican army|
after the Battle of the Ebro.
|October||International Brigade left Spain.|
|January||Barcelona fell to Franco|
|February||Britain and France recognised the legitimacy of|
|March||Madrid surrendered to Franco|
|April||Republicans surrendered unconditionally to|